The importance of the formation and development of the life cycle cost assessment methodology in the Russian economy is determined by the need to supplement the practice of valuation activity with its new variety — assessment of the life cycles of goods, works, services or systems of a technical or production-economic nature. The analysis showed that in the valuation activity it is necessary to use not only traditional types of values, such as market, liquidation, investment and cadastral, but also a new type of value — life cycle assessment for total costs, estimation of cost of ownership, as well as assessment of the value of contracts for life cycles. The actualization of the life cycle value assessment as a special type of valuation activity is associated with the development of the global economic trend of managing goods based on their presentation as life cycles. Summing up the value of the goods in exchange with their value in use, it is possible at a certain period of ownership to obtain the integral value of the cost of the life cycle or cost of ownership. The aim of the study is to summarize the domestic experience and features of its development in relation to the use of the methodology for assessing the cost of life cycles as a special direction of valuation activity in the Russian economy, taking into account the review of foreign analysis in this area. The research methods were used in the form of a set of interrelated methodological approaches based on expert assessments, retrospective analysis, forecasting, comparative, cost and income assessment methodologies, economic and mathematical modeling, as well as logical, technical, economic and situational analysis. The article summarizes the results in the field of the genesis of valuation activity in the domestic economy regarding the cost modeling of life cycles, highlighting the main stages of their development. A review of the main existing methods for estimating total costs is given and their characteristics are given. Shown excursion assessment in a foreign economy. Debatable questions of the methodical modeling of the valuation of life cycles and life cycle contracts have been disassembled and highlighted
The world economy is a dynamically developing system, where various processes continuously take place, being connected both with interaction and with opposition of the various participants’ interests in the context of globalization, regionalization, economic integration and competition. Today, under the effect of both objective and subjective factors, the environment itself has changed, the course of processes taking place there has changed. As a result, the world economy is undergoing complex transformations and humanity is going through a civilizational crisis. The world is entering a phase of turbulence, chaos, instability and uncertainty. No single country, including developed ones, can yet offer a way out of this phase. Due to disharmony in relationship between scientific-technological progress and spiritual development of mankind, the world is on the threshold of a global catastrophe. This situation has caused a complex problem that we plan to solve on the basis of a scientific approach. We believe that the main reason for violating the right course of events, processes and phenomena lies in the imperfect system of governing society, the state and the world development as a whole. The management system has left the natural path of development, has abandoned the canons of the Universe and the all-round laws of the Universe. Building on new knowledge, theories, concepts and technologies, it is necessary to create such a system of planning and management that will ensure safety and harmonious development of the system “nature – society – man”.
The article examines the subject of research, focused on the study of economic and organizational relations and processes associated with the management of the investment value of land for residential development of the territory at the stage of land development based on the application of public-private partnership models. The relevance of this problem is related to the importance of solving the goal of increasing the commissioning of housing according to the message of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly of 2018, which provides strategic plans for the transition from an average annual input of 80 to 120 million square meters. This is possible only through the use of economic tools for forecasting and managing the investment value of land. The purpose of the study is to develop conceptual theoretical and methodological and practical models for assessing and managing the investment value of land plots at the stage of land development in relation to housing construction with the priority of integrated development of territories on the basis of optimization of public-private partnership. As the applied research methods, a set of systemically interconnected methodological approaches based on the application of the theory of appraisal activity, economic and mathematical modeling, technical and economic, logical analysis, as well as the theory of risks, expert assessments, situational analysis and forecasting were used. The article shows both the author’s methodology and the results obtained that allow to simulate the management processes of the investment value of projects of the complex residential development of the territory to transfer it from negative to positive. Such management decisions are recommended to be carried out on the basis of the multivariate parameters of public-private partnership in relation to the performance of technical conditions, the volume of participation in social facilities, the transport and engineering infrastructure of construction. Ultimately, the article demonstrates the value of the completed studies both from the standpoint of the development of theory and methodology in the field of valuation theory applied to the category of “investment value”, and for the scientific and practical development of public-private partnership processes in the field of managing the increase in housing commissioning for corporate investment management and bodies of state and municipal management.
The review presents strategic trends of 2017. The annual research is conducted through methodology of Russia’s strategic matrix developed by experts of the Institute for Economic Strategies, which analyzes the main aspects of Russia’s internal development in nine areas: governance, territory, natural resources, population, economy, culture and religion, science and education, armed forces, geopolitical environment.
A series of permanent and severe crises in Russia requires radically reform the liberal model of an open economy. The methodological basis of the analysis provides the basic theses, terms and principles of philosophy of Russian traditionalism and the modern Russian scientific tradition. Russia as the Russian Eurasia is developing on the basis of the principle of collectivism, which is the key methodological principle — the principle of methodological collectivism. The article emphasizes that the economy in traditional society is a utility area and is considered as part of the culture, a part of the whole social and living organism. Thus culture is considered as an important intangible resource of economic development, and public dynamics stands out as the social and cultural dynamics. This study allows to determine the methodological foundations of a new economic doctrine for Russia. Our ideal is a model of a just and solidarity society. We can confront the U.S. as a global Empire of evil, countering it the brotherhood of Nations, intergenerational solidarity and the higher justice.
The article describes technical and economic issues of providing defense potential in the aerospace sector under in conditions of increasing military and technological challenges and threats and implementing the strategy of import substitution. The paper presents analysis of the information-technological problems of development of domestic military-industrial complex enterprises — developers of aerospace defense systems, it identifies reserves for increasing their efficiency through introducing integrated information systems. On the example of “VNIIRT” JSC the paper presents prospects for implementing the lean manufacturing concept on the basis of product lifecycle management technology. It gives comparative characteristics of cooperation business models in the defense industry both in foreign countries and in Russia. The article identifies technological and organizational-economic factors of developing cooperation of the final integrators, sub-integrators and components suppliers in the military products manufacturing. It sets out system-forming elements of a risk-oriented approach to forming co-operation in the defense-industrial complex. The authors propose a mathematical model of risk indicator for the company-finalist when choosing the composition of enterprises participating in cooperation, based on aggregation of private indicators of scientific and technical, industrial and technological, financial and economic risks. They formulate long-term objectives for the proposed approach implementation with application of neural network technology.
The article presents philosophical and methodological analysis of the innovative development basic models, taking into account the specificity of these models the article evaluates individual projects and strategic documents defining the current state of Russia’s innovative development, it discusses perspective directions of improving the innovative development mechanisms.
From solving the problem of uneven regional development depends the life of the whole country. The question is how to overcome this inequality, to smooth the historically formed differences.