The "Economic Strategies" journal

2024 #2. Circle of Dangers




Isn’t it Time to “Check the Boxes” of What is Permitted? Part III

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.24-31

The problem of the economic policies ontology is examined. Paradigms define practices and scenarios for the future.

Crisis of the “mainstream” and the polymorphic structure of the world economy imply an intensive search for new theoretical and practical solutions.

References:

  1. Rosstat [Website], available at: https://rosstat.gov.ru/storage/mediabank/24_18-02-2022.htm

Security Risks and Concerns in Indo-Pacific Reg

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.32-37

The authors investigated the security situation (military, economic, energy, environmental, food, etc.) in the Indo-Pacific region using international expert surveys in the form of interviews in 16 countries, using a historical approach to show the situation in dynamics, comparative analysis of statistical data, as well as content analysis of scientific literature, publications in the media and in-depth analysis of texts using the Sorbonne method. The analytical materials prepared by the authors are confirmed by empirical data obtained as part of the research work of the international project “Dialogue Partnership as a factor of stability and integration” in 16 Eastern countries: Brunei, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, China, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, RF, Singapore, the USA, Thailand, Philippines, South Korea and Japan, in the pre- and post-ovoid period.

References:

1. Kompleksnaya kharakteristika situatsii v ATR [A Comprehensive Description of the Situation in the Asia-Pacific Region]. Moscow, Academia, 2016, 340 p.

2. ATR glazami ekspertov (mezhdunarodnaya ekspertiza 2005–2019 gg.) [The Asia-Pacific Region Through the Eyes of Experts (International Expertise 2005–2019)]. Moscow, Academia, 2019, 350 p.

3. Masasi Murano, Ankito Panda i Dzhenni Taun. Novaya raketnaya era v Indo-Tikhookeanskom regione [A New Missile Era in the Indo-Pacific Region]. Moskovskiy Tsentr Karnegi, available at: https://gatotca.oyi.my.id/find/a-new-missile-age-in-the-indopacific-carnegie-endowment-for

4. Sukin L. Kogda yadernoe prevoskhodstvo perestaet byt’ prevoskhodstvom: Peresmotr yadernogo balansa sil [When Nuclear Superiority Ceases to be Superiority: A Revision of the Nuclear Balance of Power]. Moskovskiy Tsentr Karnegi, available at: https://mail.yandex.ru/?uid=4361772#message/184366109745546487

5. Rybin A. NYT: Veroyatnost’ voyny v Indo-Tikhookeanskom regione seychas samaya vysokaya so Vtoroy mirovoy [The Probability of War in the Indo-Pacific Region is Now the Highest Since World War II]. Rossiyskaya gazeta, 2023, 1 marta, available at: https://rg.ru/2023/03/01/nyt-veroiatnost-vojny-v-indo-tihookeanskom-regionesejchas-

samaia-vysokaia-so-vtoroj-mirovoj.html

6. Balandin R. Syurpriz ot Dzho Baydena: pochemu SShA nachali postavlyat’ oruzhie Tayvanyu po “ukrainskoy” skheme? [Surprise From Joe Biden: Why Did the United

States Start Supplying Weapons to Taiwan According to the “Ukrainian” Scheme?]. TASS, 2023, 15 avgusta, available at: https://tass.ru/opinions/18501723

7. Delegatsiya kongressmenov SShA pribyla na Tayvan’ [A Delegation of US Congressmen Arrived in Taiwan]. RIA Novosti, 2022, 14 avgusta, available at: https://ria.ru/20220814/tayvan-1809515164.html

8. 900 voennykh baz SShA po vsemu miru. V kakikh stranakh ikh bol’she vsego? [900 US Military Bases Around the World. Which Countries Have the Most of Them?].

Dzen, 2023, 11 yanvarya, available at: https://dzen.ru/a/Y76U9T_c6WqJsHnc

9. Vysotskiy V.I. Neft’ i gaz. Zapasy. Dobycha. Potreblenie, eksport i import: Informatsionnyy obzor [Oil and Gas. Stocks. Extraction. Consumption, Export and Import. (Information Overview)]. Moscow, Rosgeologiya. VNIIZARUBEZhGEOLOGIYA, 2022, 40 p.

Artificial Intelligence and Supercomputing Technologies

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.42-53

While the physical basis of natural intelligence is the human brain, the physical basis of artificial intelligence (AI) is constituted by computers. Currently, the processes of creating AI based on computer technology are developing in two main directions — logical direction and neuromorphic one. The logical approach is aimed at creating computer systems designed to solve one or a limited set of “intelligent” problems (that is, problems whose solution would require intelligence if they were solved by a person). The neuromorphic approach aims to create computer systems that imitate the human brain functioning, and ultimately to create its artificial analogue.

References:

1. Yangging Jia. Technical Report. No. VCB/EECS 2014-93, Berkley.

2. Kalyaev I.A., Levin I.I., Semernikov E.A., Shmoilov V.I. Reconfigurable Multipipeline Computing Structures. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. USA. 2012. 340 p.

3. Guzik V.F., Kalyaev I.A., Levin I.I. Rekonfiguriruemye vychislitel’nye sistemy [Reconfigurable Computing Systems]. Rostov n/D, Izd-vo YuFU, 2016, 472 p.

4. Kalyaev I.A., Levin I.I. Rekonfiguriruemye vychislitel’nye sistemy na osnove PLIS [Reconfigurable Сomputing Systems Based on FPGAs]. Rostov n/D, Izd-vo YuNTs RAN, 2022, 475 p.

5. Spall J., Guo X., Barrett T.D., Lvovsky A.I. Fully reconfigurable coherent optical vector-matrix multiplication. Optics Letters, 45, 5752–5755 (2020).

6. Tait A.N., de Lima T.F., et al. Neuromorphic photonic networks using silicon photonic weight banks. Scientific Reports, 7, 7430 (2017).

7. Shen Y., Harris N.C., et al. Deep learning with coherent nanophotonic circuits. Nature Photon, 11(7), pp. 441–446 (2017).

8. Golovastikov N.V., Dorozhkin P.S., Soyfer V.A. Intellektual’nye tekhnicheskie sistemy na osnove fotoniki [Intelligent Technical Systems Based on Photonics]. Ontology of Designing, 2021, vol. 11, pp. 422–436.

9. Mikhaylov A.N., Gryaznov E.G., Lukoyanov V.I., Koryazhkina M.N., Bordanov I.A., Shchanikov S.A., Tel’minov O.A., Ivanchenko M.V., Kazantsev V.B. Na puti k realizatsii vysokoproizvoditel’nykh vychisleniy v pamyati na osnove memristornoy elektronnoy komponentnoy bazy [Towards the Implementation of High-performance Computing in Memory Based on Memristor Electronic Components]. Fizmat, 2023, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 42–64, DOI: 10.56304/S0000000023010021

10. Mikhaylov A.N., Gryaznov E.G., Koryazhkina M.N., Bordanov I.A., Shchanikov S.A., Telminov O.A., Kazantsev V.B. Neuromorphic computing based on CMOS-integrated memristive arrays: current state and perspectives. Supercomputing Frontiers and Innovations, 2023, vol. 10, no 2, pp. 77–103, DOI: 10.14529/jsfi230206

11. Dongarra J. Less Moor, more Brain. Moskovskiy superkomp’yuternyy forum, MGU, 2019.

12. Iskusstvennyy intellekt uvelichil moshchnost’ Superkomp’yuternogo tsentra “Politekhnicheskiy”. Saint Petersburg, SPbPU Petra Velikogo, Nauka i innovatsii, 22 dekabrya 2023 g. [Artificial Intelligence Has Increased the Capacity of the Polytechnic Supercomputer Center. St. Petersburg, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University. Science and Innovation, December 22, 2023], available at: https://www.spbstu.ru/media/news/nauka_i_innovatsii/
iskusstvennyy-intellekt-uvelichil-moshchnost-superkompyuternogo-tsentra-politekhnicheskiy/

Scientific and Methodological Approaches to the Problem of Creating a Model of an Enterprise’s Digital Twin

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.54-63

The article dwells on scientific and methodological approaches to solving the problem of forming a model of a digital twin of an enterprise, the production process, products and resources at all stages of the life cycle, when all departments involved in development, production, operation, including repair work, are represented in the form of a computer network that unites the combined elements of three types: sensors (detectors), factors (actuators and devices), control and management bodies. Proposed scientific-methodological approaches and principles of a “virtual enterprise” modeling are quite universal since they permit to provide a reflection and mathematical description of the dynamics of changes in the performance of an enterprise, its divisions and transformation of properties and characteristics of high-tech products that occur during the production process.

References:

1. Gubinskiy A.M. Upravlenie tekhnologicheskim razvitiem v sfere oborony i bezopasnosti Rossii, SShA i Kitaya: istoricheskie aspekty i sovremennyy opyt [Managing Technological Development in the Sphere of Defence and Security of Russia, the USA and China: Historical Aspects and Modern Experience: Russia]. Vol. I. Rossiya. Moscow, Izdatel’skie resheniya, 2021, 626 p.

2. Computing Curricula 2005. The Overview Report. ACM and IEEE Computer Society, 2005, 62 p.

3. Bratukhin A.G., Dmitriev V.G. Strategiya, kontseptsiya, printsipy CALS: Rossiyskaya entsiklopediya CALS. Aviatsionno-kosmicheskoe mashinostroenie [Strategy, Concept, CALS Principles: Russian Encyclopedia of CALS: Aerospace Mechanical Engineering]. Moscow, OAO “NITs ASK”, 2008, pp. 15–26.

4. Kovshov A.N., Nazarov Yu.F., Ibragimov I.M., Nikiforov A.D. Informatsionnaya podderzhka zhiznennogo tsikla izdeliy mashinostroeniya: printsipy, sistemy i tekhnologii CALS/IPI [Information Support for the Life Cycle of Mechanical Engineering Products: Principles, CALS/IPI Systems and Technologies]. Ucheb. posobie dlya studentov vuzov. Moscow, Akademiya, 2007, 304 p.

5. Deryabin N.I., Kuprikov M.Yu., Markin L.V., Deniskin Yu.I., Bragintseva L.M., Evdokimenko V.N., Latysheva V.V. Kadrovoe obespechenie: Rossiyskaya entsiklopediya CALS: Aviatsionno-kosmicheskoe mashinostroenie [Personnel Support: Russian Encyclopedia of CALS: Aerospace Engineering]. Moscow, OAO “NITs ASK”, 2008, pp. 557–575.

6. Zhamoydik T.I., Revyakov G.A. Nauchno-metodicheskie podkhody k resheniyu zadachi modelirovaniya predpriyatiya na baze kontseptual’nykh polozheniy tsifrovykh tekhnologiy: Raketno-kosmicheskoe priborostroenie i informatsionnye sistemy [Scientific-methodological Approaches to Solving the Problem of Enterprise Modeling Based on the Conceptual Provisions of Digital Technologies: Rocket-space instrument engineering and information systems]. Vol. 8, vyp.

2. Moscow, RKS, 2021, pp. 32–42.

7. Vice Admiral Arthur K. Cebrowski, U.S. Navy, and John J. Garstka. Network-Centric Warfare: Its Origin and Future. January 1998.

Strategizing Education Development in the Context of Digital Transformation: European Experienc

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.64-69

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a powerful additional incentive for digitalization of education. The article examines the example of strategizing education development through the prism of digitalization presented by the European Union. In the context of increasing global competition for talent in the IT field, the European Union recognizes the current pace of IT personnel training as insufficient and aims to introduce effective measures to attract IT talent from all over the world. This poses a threat of intensified “brain drain” from Russia, which must be taken into account when strategizing the education development in Russia.

References:

1. Good K.D. Multimedia. Digital Roots: Historicizing Media and Communication Concepts of the Digital Age. In G. Balbi, N. Ribeiro, V. Schafer, &C. Schwarzenegger (Eds.). Berlin, De Gruyter, 2021, pp. 59–75.

2. Rensfeldt A.B., Rahm L. Automating Teacher Work? A History of the Politics of Automation and Artificial Intelligence in Education. Postdigital Science and Education, 2023, vol. 5, pp. 25–43. DOI: ht tps://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-022-00344-x

3. European Commission. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European economic and social committee and the Committee of the regions 2030 Digital Compass: the European way for the Digital Decade. Brussels, 9.3.2021 COM(2021) 118 final. Brussels:

European Commission, 2021, available at: https://commission.europa.eu/system/files/2023-01/cellar_12e835e2-81af-11eb-9ac9-01aa75ed71a1.0001.02_DOC_1.pdf

4. Makarov V.L., Bakhtizin A.R., Sushko E.D. Agent-orientirovannye modeli kak instrument aprobatsii upravlencheskikh resheniy [Agent-based Models as a Testing Tool for Management Decisions]. Upravlencheskoe konsul’tirovanie, 2016, no 12(96), pp. 16–25.

5. Makarov V.L., Bakhtizin A.R., Sushko E.D., Ageeva A.F. Modelirovanie epidemii COVID-19 — preimushchestva agent-orientirovannogo podkhoda [Simulation of the COVID-19 Epidemic – Advantages of an Agent-Based Approach]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial’nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz, 2020, vol. 13, no 4, pp. 58–73.

6. Kvint V.L. Strategicheskoe upravlenie i ekonomika na global’nom formiruyushchemsya rynke [Strategic Management and Economics in a Global Emerging Market]. Moscow, Biznes Atlas, 2012, 626 p.

7. Kvint V.L. Ideya noosfery Vernadskogo i zakonomernosti, predopredelyayushchie formirovanie global’nogo noosfernogo miroporyadka XXI v. [Vernadsky’s Concept of the Noosphere and the Patterns that Predetermine Formation of the Global Noospheric World Order of the 21st Century]. Upravlencheskoe konsul’tirovanie, 2013, no 5(53), pp. 13–19.

8. European Council. EUCO 14/17 CO EUR 17 CONCL 5. Brussels, European Council, 19 October 2017, available at: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/21620/19-euco-final-conclusions-en.pdf

9. Kvint V. Strategy for the Global Market: Theory and Practical Applications. N.Y., L., Routledge-Taylor & Francis, 2015.

On Russia’s Long-Term Economic Strategy

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.70-77

Overcoming the main problems of the Russian economy based on domestic demand and potential for the internal development will require a significant change in its structural proportions. Necessary transformation, spurred by defence needs, is already underway with results surprising the West, which had hoped that unprecedented economic sanctions would break Russia’s resistance to its dictates. Moreover, the comprehensive aggression of the West against Russia seems to be backfiring and, instead of destroying it, contributes to its strengthening, creating conditions for a powerful economic breakthrough of the Russian state.

References:

1. Putin: Rossiya nakhoditsya v avangarde sozdaniya spravedlivogo miroustroystva [Putin: Russia is at the Forefront of Creating a Fair World Order]. RIA Novosti, 2023, 28 noyabrya, available at: https://ria.ru/20231128/putin-1912427138.html?ysclid=lpm3g5c34f738783092

2. Reddaway P., Glinsky D. The Tragedy of Russia’s Reforms. Market Bolshevism against Democracy. Washington, 2001.

3. “Ushcherb ot kapitalizma za 30 let okazalsya bol’she ushcherba ot Gitlera v Velikuyu Otechestvennuyu”: eksperty rasskazali, kak zhila by segodnya Rossiya, esli by ne raspalsya SSSR [“Damage from Capitalism in 30 Years Turned out to be Greater than the Damage from Hitler During the Great Patriotic War”: Experts Told How Russia Would Live Today if the USSR had not Collapsed]. Utrenniy Yug, 2023, 4 oktyabrya, available at: https://dzen.ru/a/ZR2QIZHw-xOJYg8D

4. Rasporyazhenie Pravitel’stva RF ot 16 avgusta 2003 g. N 1163-r “Programma sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii na srednesrochnuyu perspektivu (2003–2005 gody)” [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of August 16, 2003 No. 1163-r “Program of Socio-

Economic Development of the Russian Federation for the Medium Term (2003–2005)”]. Kodeks, available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/901871783

5. Gil’manova Elena. Putin zayavil, chto Rossiya dolzhna stroit’ sotsial’noe gosudarstvo [Putin Declared that Russia Must Build a Social State]. Komsomol’skaya pravda, 2021, 21 oktyabrya, available at: https://www.kp.ru/online/news/4487099/?ysclid=lpnvdhmod8305588273

6. Nekipelov A.D. Vybor ekonomicheskoy strategii. Problema individual’nykh i obshchestvennykh predpochteniy Rossii i puti razvitiya Rossii [Choosing an Economic Strategy. The Problem of Individual and Public Preferences of Russia and the path of Russia’s Development]. Svobodnaya mysl’ — XXI, 2003,

no 9, pp. 5–16.

7. “Ochen’ tyazhelaya istoriya”. TsB nazval summu zablokirovannykh za rubezhom aktivov rossiyskikh investorov [“A Very Difficult Story.” The Central Bank Announced the Amount of Russian Investors’ Assets Blocked Abroad]. Banki.ru, 2023, 31 yanvarya, available at: https://www.banki.ru/news/lenta/?id=

10979472&ysclid=lpnz7p8eb5916326358

8. Plenarnoe zasedanie Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo ekonomicheskogo foruma: Vladimir Putin prinyal uchastie v plenarnom zasedanii XXVI Peterburgskogo mezhdunarodnogo ekonomicheskogo foruma [Plenary Session of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum: Vladimir Putin Took Part

Personnel Selection and Training for Structures with Critical Cognitive and Psychological Workloads in the Conditions of Complex Special Situations (Operations)

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.78-87

A number of different kinds of critical situations (from natural and man-made disasters to coup attempts and military operations), which took place primarily in the very last period of our country’s life, demonstrated significantly more serious, close to the maximum possible pressure on security forces and other departments – more than it was envisaged for many post-Soviet years. It became clear that new, more rigorous and effective technologies for forming and developing specialists’ competencies are needed. The purpose of the present article is to develop tools and methodological recommendations for selecting and training personnel for work or service in structures whose functioning involves critical cognitive and psychological workloads, including in complex special situations (operations).

References:

1. Ageev A.I., Loginov E.L., Golublev A.A. Spetsial’naya podgotovka kadrov v interesakh gosudarstvennykh vedomstv dlya vypolneniya osobo vazhnykh zadach v slozhnykh usloviyakh s kriticheskoy intellektual’noy i psikhologicheskoy nagruzkoy na sotrudnikov: Novye tekhnologicheskie vyzovy: problemy tsifrovoy transformatsii sistem upravleniya: Materialy mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii [Special Personnel Training in the Interests of Government Departments for Performing Particularly Important Tasks in Difficult Conditions with Critical Intellectual and Psychological Stress on Employees: New Technological Challenges: Problems of Management Systems’ Digital Transformation: Proceedings of the International Conference]. Moscow, MNIIPU, 2019, pp. 9–11.

2. Gaynullin D.E., Kodzov T.N. Primenenie tsifrovykh tekhnologiy obucheniya v obrazovatel’nykh organizatsiyakh MVD Rossii [Application of Digital Learning Technologies in Educational Organizations of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs]. Problemy sovremennogo pedagogicheskogo obrazovaniya, 2023, no 79-1, pp. 111–113.

3. Ageev A.I., Loginov E.L., Shkuta A.A. Neyrooperirovanie povedeniem kognitivnykh agentov na osnove elektronnoy semanticheskoy interpretatsii sostoyaniy soznaniya i psikhiki s effektami pogruzheniya, prisutstviya i edineniya s virtual’noy real’nost’yu [Neurooperation of the Cognitive Agents Behaviour based on Electronic Semantic Interpretation of States of Consciousness and Mentalit y with the Effects of Immersion, Presence and Unity with Virtual Reality]. Mikroekonomika, 2020, no 1, pp. 5–12.

4. Loginov E.L., Eriashvili N.D., Bortalevich S.I., Loginova V.E. Sistematika atributivno-semanticheskikh svyazey pri osushchestvlenii obrazovatel’nykh programm interaktivnogo obucheniya dlya metaprogrammirovaniya kachestv lichnosti [Systematics of Attributive-semantic Connections in Implementing Educational Programs of Interactive Learning for Metaprogramming of Personality Traits]. Mezhdunarodnyy zhurnal psikhologii i pedagogiki v sluzhebnoy deyatel’nosti, 2016, no 2, pp. 46–52.

5. Volobuev N.A., Groshev I.V., Loginov E.L., Matskevich I.M., Eriashvili N.D. Konstruirovanie informatsionnoy sredy upravleniya obrazovatel’nym protsessom, realizuyushchey funktsii intellektual’nogo analiza dannykh o kognitivnykh i lichnostnykh osobennostyakh obuchayushchegosya [Constructing an Information Environment for Managing the Educational Process, Implementing the Function of Intellectual Analysis of data on the Cognitive and Personal Characteristics of a Student]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, 2021, no 6, pp. 366–373.

Attractor of Stable States of a Social Body: Mathematical Modeling of a Stable State of Control and Options for Loss of Controllability

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.88-95

Numerous works on mathematical modeling of the society structure, group formation and dissemination of information do not provide a single consistent model that includes all the empirically discovered properties of society that act as modeling limitations. In this work a mathematical model of stable states of a social body is constructed, it allows us to analyze and predict the controllability of a social body.

References:

1. Aleev R.Z. Higman’s central unit theory, units of integral group rings of finite cyclic groups and Fibonacci numbers. Intern. Journal Algebra and Computations, 1994, vol. 4, pp. 309–358.

2. Bollobas B. Random Graphs. Cambridge Univ. Press, Second Edition, 2001.

3. Bogomolnaia A., Le Breton M., Savvateev A., Weber S. Heterogeneity Gap in Unidimensional Spatial Models. Journal of Public Economic Theory, vol.10, iss. 3, pp. 455–473; CORE Discussion Paper, 2006/36.

4. Bourgain J., Lindenstrauss J. On covering a set in R d by balls of the same diameter. Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis, Lecture Notes in Math., 1469. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1991, pp. 138–144.

5. Duncan J. Watts Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age. Norton, 2003.

6. Milgram S. The Small World Problem. Psychology Today, 1967.

7. Raigorodskii A.M. On a problem in the geometry of numbers. Trudy Instituta matematiki, 2007, no 15(1), pp. 111–117.

8. Garin E.V., Meshcheryakov R.V. Model’ upravleniya sotsiumom [Society Control Model]. Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya, 2017, no 1, available at: http://uptp.ru/articles/tochka-zreniya/2214/

9. Garin E.V., Meshcheryakov R.V. Method for Determination of the Social Graph Orientation by the Analysis of the Vertices Valence in the Connectivity Component. Bulletin of South Ural State University. Series of “Mathematics. Mechanics. Physics”, 2017, vol. 9, no 4, pp. 5–12.

10. Garin E.V. Eksperimental’noe opredelenie znacheniya predela perkolyatsii, pri kotorom prekrashchaetsya rasprostranenie informatsii v sotsiume: Sovremennye tekhnologii v nauke i obrazovanii — STNO-2018: Sb. trudov mezhdunarodnogo nauchno-tekhnicheskogo foruma [Experimental Determining the Value of the Percolation Limit at which the Information Dissemination in Society Stops: Modern Technologies in Science and Education — STNO-2018:

Collection of Proceedings of the International Scientific and Technical Forum]. Vol. 5. Ryazan’, Ryazanskiy gosudarstvennyy radiotekhnicheskiy university, 2018, 234 p.

11. Garin E.V. Modelэ stroeniya sotsiuma s obratnoy svyaz’yu: Mir Vostoka i Mir Zapada: Sb. statey Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii. 25 aprelya 2018 g. [Model of the Society Architecture with Feedback: The World of the East and the World of the West: Collection of articles of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. April 25, 2018]. Ufa, Izd-vo UGNTU, 2018, 584 p.

12. Garin E.V. Perkolyatsionnaya model’ kommunikatsii s mekhanizmom izbiratel’nogo vospriyatiya informatsii (ob”yasnenie fenomena reklamnoy glukhoty) [Percolation Model of Communication with the Mechanism of Selective Information Perception (Explanation of the Advertising Deafness Phenomenon)]. Kommunikatsii. Media. Dizayn, 2021, vol. 6, no 1, pp. 39–63.

Global Reset of Russia’s Sociocultural Trend: from “Classical” to “New” Eurasianism. Part II

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.194.2024.96-107

The article identifies dynamics of the Eurasian concept, which is considered as the basic strategy for the positive development of Russia’s foreseeable future. The author shows that over the last century the national Eurasian model has been transformed in the process of actual socio-economic and political-ideological attitudes. Within classical eurasianism Russia is viewed as a special geographical and socio-cultural civilization that combines Western (Western European) and Eastern (Asian) stereotypes.

It is proved that in the process of the USSR development and formation of the “new” Russia, the theory of eurasianism with a Western European trend was being implemented. Since the second decade of the 21st century, in order to overcome the consequences of anti-Russian sanctions, the Russian Federation has been stimulating a national strategy of Eurasianism with an Eastern (Asian) orientation. However, by the middle of the 21st century in implementing the conceptual model of Eurasianism Russia will return, as suggested in the article, to a classical strategy based on a balance of Westernization and Orientalist ideas.

References:

10. Gumilev L.N. Zametki poslednego evraziytsa [Notes from the Last Eurasian]. Nashe nasledie,1991, no 3, pp. 19–26.

11. Gumilev L.N. “Menya nazyvayut evraziytsem…” [“They Call me a Eurasian…”]. Nash sovremennik, 1991, no 1, pp. 62–70.

12. Likhachev D.S. O natsional’nom kharaktere russkikh [On the National Character of Russians]. Voprosy filosofii, 1990, no 4, pp. 3–6.

13. Polynov M.F. Gonka vooruzheniy kak metod izmatyvaniya SSSR SShA. 1945–1990 gg. [The Arms Race as a Method of Exhausting the USSR and the USA. 1945–1990]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta, 2005, Seriya 2, no 3, pp. 92–103.

14. L’vov D.S. Ekonomika razvitiya [Economics of Development]. Moscow, Ekzamen, 2002.

15. Prokhanov A.A., Glaz’ev S.Yu. Kholodnaya voyna 2.0. Strategiya russkoy pobedy [Cold War 2.0. Russian victory strategy]. Moscow, Knizhnyy mir, 2015, 384 p.

16. Maslov A. Kitayskiy vektor Rossii [Chinese Vector of Russia]. Kommersant”, 2022, 4 fevralya, no 20.

17. Dugin A. My voyuem s tsivilizatsiey Antikhrista [We are at War with the Civilization of the Antichrist]. Izborskiy klub, 2022, 4 maya.

18. Gumilev L.N. Skazhu Vam po sekretu, chto, esli Rossiya budet spasena, tol’ko cherez evraziystvo [I’ll tell you a Secret that if Russia is Saved, it will only be Through Eurasianism]. Sotsium,1992, no 9, p. 89.