The impact of customs payment as an institution of development on stimulating economic growth

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.98.2021.22-28

The article briefly analyzes the impact of customs duties on certain parameters of financing federal budget expenditures aimed at implementing key priorities and national goals, which will contribute to accelerating economic growth. It is shown that customs revenues to the federal budget are an important characteristic, they allow their part to satisfy public needs, remaining one of the stable sources of formation of its revenue.

It is concluded that it is necessary to include in the control indicators of the implementation of the Strategy for the Development of the Customs Service of the Russian Federation until 2030 indicators of customs payments that contribute to the financing of budget expenditure programs that affect the stimulation of economic growth.

Differentiation of methods of competitiveness management on the example of the service market of services

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.98.2021.32-38

The scientific article puts forward theoretical and practical provisions, in aggregate constituting a new method of managing competitiveness in the service sector. The methodology proposed by the author makes it possible to ensure the effectiveness of the process of managing competitiveness in market conditions and instability of economic development, and can also be used for subsequent scientific and theoretical research, and in the practical activities of service enterprises in the course of developing effective management decisions.

Environmental management system as a tool to ensure the competitiveness of an industrial enterprise

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.83-88

The article shows that in modern conditions, industrial enterprises pay great attention to environmental management, since, being engaged in environmental management, any organizational activity is given confidence that everything will comply with environmental standards established by legislation and its own policy. The environmental management system should be regularly reviewed to identify any difficulties in its implementation and provide recommendations for continual improvement.

Economy of the balanced nuclear fuel cycle at innovative REMIX-fuel

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.55-63

The estimates of the competitiveness of the balanced closed nuclear fuel cycle with thermal reactors VVER, PWR and BWR and innovative REMIX-fuel are given. REMIX-fuel obtained by reprocessing spent fuel. Considered three options for REMIX-fuel — А, Б and C, differing in the way of achieving enrichment (concentration of fissile isotopes 235U and 239Pu), needed for reactors. The fuel component of the NPP electricity cost is used as competitiveness criterion, which reflects all the costs of the fuel cycle for both before the reactor and after the reactor stages. The developed economic-mathematical model of the fuel cycle makes it possible to calculate a cost indicators of nuclear fuel components and the fuel components of the NPP electricity cost depending on the cost characteristics of key technological conversions, including reprocessing of spent fuel, enrichment of regenerated and natural uranium, manufacture of fuel assemblies, radioactive waste management and compare with the traditional fuel cycle.

Economic assessment of innovative potential by using mesofractal indicators

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.74-81

The scientific article assesses the innovative potential of enterprises in the retail and trade sector of the service sector in order to identify the level of their competitiveness. The modular categories are highlighted, according to which it is possible to identify the degree of readiness of enterprises for innovation. The algorithm for determining the innovative potential has been determined; the systemic components of the mesofractal of innovative potential were identified, and the methodology for assessing the readiness of an enterprise for innovation was improved, on the basis of which empirical indicators were obtained.

Methodological approaches to identifying priority areas for the digital technologies implementation to ensure the competitiveness of the aerospace industry enterprises

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.92.2020.12-19

In modern conditions of increasing role of digitalization, the issue of choosing priority areas for the digital technologies’ implementation is urgent in order to increase the competitiveness of the enterprises. Given the strategic importance of the enterprises of the space industry, the aim of the study is to develop a model for highlighting the priority areas of digitalization, which are most effective for increasing the share of digitalization of production processes. For this, economically-mathematically methods and functional dependencies are used. Based on the results of the study, the authors presented an economic and mathematical model of the dynamics of the digital technologies implementation, the economic analysis of the application of this model is carried out and proposed an approach to highlighting the priority areas of digitalization.

The systematization scientific approach to management competitiveness in sphere of the services: economic essence, criteria

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.29-37

In the scientific article scientific approaches to management of competitiveness in sphere of services in which frameworks classification signs of criteria of management are revealed by competitiveness are systematized, concepts of competitiveness and a competition of sphere of services are specified. On the basis of a substantiation of application of a method of the added cost of a share capital (share holder’s value added – SVA); a method of the economic added cost of Stewart (economic value added – EVA); a method of the added market cost (market value added – MVA) the rating estimation of an index of competitiveness GCI on an example Central and Privolzhsky Federal districts is made.

Methodological Approaches to Effective Implementation of Strategic Import Substitution Programs

#7. Foresight Boom
Methodological Approaches to Effective Implementation of Strategic Import Substitution Programs

The relevance of the study is based on the need to minimize the damage caused by the sanctions imposed on the country’s economy and to provide the economic growth of economic entities in this context. The purpose of the article is to develop a set of theoretical and methodological approaches to efficient implementation of import substitution programs in the radio electronic industry in the long run. Leading methods in studying this problem were the methods of factors analysis, organizational modeling, system analysis, innovation theory and enterprise economics, which allowed to reveal key contradictions of state policy in the sphere of import substitution in the radio electronic industry. As a result of the study, the original system of criteria was developed, as well as the fundamental management model taking into account the domestic economy’s ability to implement systematic management of competitive import substitution. Materials of the article can be useful for developing new and improving existing methods of regulating relations that arise between entities carrying out activities in the sphere of import substitution, as well as between organizations that are part of the infrastructure supporting the above activity, and public authorities when forming and implementing the corresponding industrial policy.

Eurasian Union: on the Way Towards Competitiveness

#2. Liberal Indolence Inertia
Eurasian Union: on the Way Towards Competitiveness

For guiding the process of European integration to address economic development goals it is necessary to develop and adopt a common strategy of commercial-economic policy of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), the Concept of integrated industrial and agricultural policies, as well as plans for their implementation. This involves harmonization of national and EAEU development policies: industrial, agricultural, scientific-technical, energy, transport etc. Subsequently it is necessary to create strategic planning system of the EAEU development, including long-term projections, the medium-term concepts and strategies for commercial, industrial, agricultural, scientific-technical policy, the main aspects of socio-economic, monetary and fiscal policies, as well as interstate programs and action plans for their implementation. As soon as possible it is required to develop and adopt strategic plan of EAEU development and its implementation program for the next decade. Such approach to planning development of Eurasian economic integration will allow to fully realize its potential and to achieve maximum macroeconomic effect in the member states.