The "Economic Strategies" journal

#6. 2021

Development problems of the Russian integrated system of state strategic planning

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.5-16

The purpose of this work is to prepare proposals for improving the domestic strategic planning system. In modern conditions, the most important directions for its further development are increasing the complexity, consistency and validity, as well as the level of information and analytical support. In this work, the following issues have been resolved: 1) as a result of the analysis of the Russian and Soviet systems, the main shortcomings and unresolved organizational and methodological problems of domestic strategic planning have been identified; 2) the possible area of ​​use in the planned work of the mechanisms of program-target management has been substantiated; 3) a set of organizational and economic measures is proposed to increase the efficiency of the functioning of the domestic system of state strategic planning. Specific measures are given for the organization in Russia under the Security Council of a special governing body – the State Committee for Strategic Development.

On the possibility of classification of the economic pole of the state due to economic transactions the state or its property

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.17-23

The economic interest of the state is decided not by one, but by means of several business operations. Within the framework of each business transaction, their tasks are solved. Each business operation has its own logical events (stages), in each of which it is important to formulate tasks that the state needs to solve.

The article gave a list of the main tasks of the state in business operations involving the state or its property; features of the main logical events of business transactions conducted with the participation of the state or its property are considered. The authors formulated tasks that the state needs to solve in order to create jobs and organize the production of socially important products, as well as tasks related to the creation of jobs and production of new equipment; examples of situations with conflicts of state interests are given.

Application of the economic dominance theory to the project management software market

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.24-33

The Russian market of software for project management automation has been investigated. The structural changes that have occurred in this market under the influence of the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic are revealed. The classification of market participants is made in accordance with the theory of economic dominance. It is shown that the assignment of companies to a particular category allows us to judge the preferences they receive from their position and determine their strategy. Based on the use of the economic dominance theory, a number of forecast trends for the market are formulated.

Maximizing margin profit at known demand curves

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.34-39

The article deals with optimization of enterprise pricing management. An economic and mathematical model has been developed that allows you to investigate the dependence of margin profit on the price of goods with a certain dependence of the volume of demand for it on the established price. Based on the study of the model, a theoretical estimate of the optimal level of the price of the product was obtained, which provides the enterprise with the maximum margin profit from its sales. It is proposed to generalize the model in case of simultaneous sales of several goods. A formalized setting of the task of joint optimization of prices and deliveries of several types of products is presented, with restrictions on the possibility of deliveries and financing of variable costs of the enterprise.

Analysis of mergers and acquisitions (corporate control market) of Rosatom State Corporation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.40-50

This article discusses the issues of mergers and acquisitions (corporate control market) of the Rosatom State Corporation. It has been established that the Rosatom State Corporation is a multidisciplinary holding company combining assets in the energy, mechanical engineering, and construction. After analyzing the profitability indicators, the authors note a drop in all profitability positions: sales by net profit (ROS), assets by net profit (ROA) and equity by net profit (ROE) for 2019. The revealed trend means that the efficiency of the company’s use of assets has dropped significantly, which indicates the ineffective use of financial resources and the distraction of managers from the main strategy of the state corporation (increasing resources). Recommendations for improving the corporate governance of the state corporation «Rosatom» are proposed, aimed at orienting management personnel to the main strategy of the corporation, delineating the official powers of managers and increasing the transparency of corporate reporting.

Systematization of theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the competitiveness of enterprises on the example of tourism and recreation at the meso-level

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.51-57

The scientific article puts forward theoretical and practical provisions, in aggregate, constituting a new method of managing competitiveness in a market environment. The proposed methodology serves as the basis for the development of practical measures, and can be used for subsequent scientific and theoretical research, as well as in the practical work of enterprises in the field of tourism services and in the development of effective management decisions. The competitive market of tourist services and recreation is investigated on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan.

Concept of situation and strategic planning of natural gas consumption in industrial enterprises

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.58-68

The scientific article considers the concept of situational and strategic planning of natural gas consumption at an industrial enterprise based on two matrix models: a situational model of planning energy efficiency and energy conservation strategies and the choice of strategic use of technologies, a situational model of planning strategies for energy consumption in the fuel and energy balance. The interrelation of these models makes it possible to form a matrix for monitoring the main indicators of characteristics that ensure the implementation of an energy efficient strategy for natural gas consumption, which assumes a number of characteristics, optimizing which it is possible to ensure the quality of planning and management of situational and strategic consumption of natural gas in the fuel and energy balance system of an industrial enterprise.

Problems of the development of the Northern Sea Route and its infrastructure amid a decline in economic activity

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.69-77

The article notes that the development of the Northern Sea Route and the Russian Arctic area around it is a necessary condition for improving long-term competitiveness of the national economy. Negative economic trends are identified that have resulted from a decline in economic activity due to the coronavirus epidemic, which significantly affect the performance of ongoing investment projects in the field of mining in the Arctic zone. It is proposed to clarify and correct the existing forecasts for the transportation of goods along the Northern Sea Route, to ensure the most efficient use of the federal budget resources for the development of its infrastructure. Using the methods of comparative analysis and a systematic approach, the authors conclude that in the context of a decline in economic activity, the volume of cargo transportation by private companies along the Northern Sea Route by 2024 will be in the range of 47-50 million tons, and a number of planned projects in the field of production minerals will not be sold. Recommendations are given for adjusting the existing plans for the development of the infrastructure of the Northern Sea Route (including the construction of nuclear icebreakers) in order to more efficiently use the federal budget funds.

Market research of the meso-economic level paid services in the context of economic instability

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.78-82

The scientific article reveals the characteristic features and features of the competitive market of paid services at the meso-economic level on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan. The analysis of the paid services market in the context of financial and economic indicators during the active phase of the pandemic and the instability of the economy is carried out. The study of the presented data was conducted on the basis of a survey of respondents of small and medium-sized businesses in the paid services market.

Social protests as prerequisites for economic degradation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.83-102

The article examines the relationship between socio-economic indicators characterizing the level of economic security of the state and the growth of protest activity of the population. Based on the socio-historical analysis, a generalizing conclusion is made that the economic downturn, reflecting the cyclical nature of economic processes, naturally affects the decline in the standard of living of the population and thereby produces further impoverishment of the population. Using the example of a historical analogy with pre-revolutionary Russia, the calculation data defining the boundaries of modern poverty are given. In turn, growing economic differentiation and poverty create an arc of social tension and form a favorable environment for the manifestation of social protests.