Historical features of the development and formation of cartel conspiracies in Russia and abroad

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.107.2022.81-90

The scientific article analyzes the definitions of the concept of «cartel conspiracy» and examines the historical features of the development of cartels in Russia. International experience is taken into account in relation to the issue of research on the example of the USA and Germany. The authors have formulated their own definition of cartel collusion as a form of association of economic entities based on a number of oral or written agreements, the participants of which, without renouncing financial, industrial and commercial independence, achieve common goals (influence on prices, determination of the course and results of bidding, division of territories or consumers) when interacting with various economic entities (cartel and non-cartel companies, suppliers and customers of goods and services, direct competitors, manufacturers of substitutes, government agencies, etc.).



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8. Kalyakina Yu.I. Cartel collusion in the era of a pandemic // Alley of Science. 2021;10 (61):419-422. (In Russ.).

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11. Yusupov A.M. Factors stimulating the development of cartels in Russia // Topical issues of modern economic science: Proceedings of the XI International Scientific Conference, Astrakhan, April 21, 2021. Astrakhan: Astrakhan State University, 2021. pp. 228-232. (In Russ.).

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The history of the development and formation of microfinance institutions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.107.2022.76-80

Currently, the activities of microfinance institutions are widespread all over the world. The article explores the history of the emergence of microfinance organizations, originating from the Middle Ages. The current state of the microfinance market of the Russian Federation is analyzed and its participants are considered. Measures are proposed to improve the quality of services provided by microfinance organizations. The relevance of the article is explained by the need to understand the economic nature of the origin of microfinance transactions against the background of the rapid growth of their number both in Russia and abroad.  


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On the issue of collusion in the food market

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.106.2022.110-115

This article provides a detailed analysis of the definitions of the concepts of conversations and identifies its characteristic features. The authors determined that collusion is a secret illegal agreement, which is aimed at limiting competition in order to maximize their own income. Also considered are such forms of manifestation of collusion between the customer, suppliers and competitors as “ramming”, passive participation or refusal to participate in the tender, submission of an uncompetitive proposal, vertical and horizontal collusion. The modern manifestations of collusion with the use of auction robots and measures to counter their use are disclosed. The characteristic signs of collusion between the customer and the supplier of goods that contribute to its identification are identified and presented. It also defines the role of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in countering collusion in the food market.


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Modern features and contradictions of economic security development in Russia

DOI: 110.33917/mic-2.103.2022.98-103

The article deals with the conceptual provisions of Russia’s economic security. The authors analyzed the existing approaches to the definition of the concept of «economic security». It is concluded that social, technogenic, informational and other processes directly affect the provision of economic security of the state. On the example of the situation in Russia, the main areas are identified, the impact on which with the help of economic instruments can cause significant damage to security in the context of the problems of «economic stability» at the national and regional levels. An assessment of the key threats to the economic security of the Russian Federation is given.


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Use of economic security tools in public institutions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.91-97

Economic security is a complex system, since it includes all aspects of management aimed at preventing crises and bankruptcies, as well as other negative phenomena that affect the stability of the state of any economic entity. At the same time, a significant role of economic security belongs to state institutions, which, like commercial ones, conduct their activities in the conditions of instability of the external environment. The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the features of economic security in state institutions, examines the tools that ensure it, identifies the areas of security and their impact on the functioning of modern state institutions. It is concluded that public institutions need to effectively build the system under consideration, which includes personnel, financial, resource and information components.


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On the question of the development of historical features security services in the state

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.102.2022.113-121

The article discusses the history of the development of security services, defines the first forms of implementation of security functions and their evolutionary changes. The authors proposed a definition of the concept of the security services market, identified the dominant elements of the security services market, which include physical, economic, technical protection and information security. Modern problems of organizing the protection of objects are interconnected with the level of legal awareness, legal culture and law-abidingness, which form the mentality of the nation. The structure of the security services market includes departmental and non-departmental security, as well as private security organizations and civil law institutions of insurance and storage. The functioning of the market of security services in foreign countries is due to the desire of the state to reduce the cost of maintaining the police due to the large number of employees of private security structures, leaving behind a monopoly on security.


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Social protests as prerequisites for economic degradation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.101.2021.83-102

The article examines the relationship between socio-economic indicators characterizing the level of economic security of the state and the growth of protest activity of the population. Based on the socio-historical analysis, a generalizing conclusion is made that the economic downturn, reflecting the cyclical nature of economic processes, naturally affects the decline in the standard of living of the population and thereby produces further impoverishment of the population. Using the example of a historical analogy with pre-revolutionary Russia, the calculation data defining the boundaries of modern poverty are given. In turn, growing economic differentiation and poverty create an arc of social tension and form a favorable environment for the manifestation of social protests.

Countering market manipulation in the system of ensuring the economic security of the stock market

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.99.2021.94-103

Representatives of various objects of the country’s economy participate in the system of ensuring the economic security of the stock market. First of all, these are the control bodies of the exchanges – the organizers of trades, where dubious transactions are revealed. Specialists of the Department of Counteraction to Unfair Practices of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation carry out checks on the revealed violations and make a decision on bringing the culprit to administrative responsibility or transferring the materials of the check to law enforcement agencies according to their jurisdiction. Among unfair practices, the most common speculative phenomenon is market manipulation, the public danger of which is to cause significant harm to the interests of citizens and legal entities, society and the economy as a whole, undermining the confidence of investors and trading participants in organized financial and commodity markets, worsening conditions for investment and trade in them, hindering their effective development and strengthening international competitiveness.

On certain aspects of the EU policy on decriminalization of the credit and financial sector and reduction of risks of money laundering

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.99-106

The risks of money laundering and terrorist financing remain a serious concern in the European Union (EU), including in the context of ensuring the integrity of the Union’s financial system, as well as the safety of its citizens. According to Europol, up to 0,7-1,28% of the annual gross domestic product of the European Union is «identified as associated with suspicious financial activity». Therefore, combating money laundering and terrorist financing is a priority for the EU and an important component of its security policy.

The ideology of the Club of Rome in the complex of weakening Russia’s economic security and sovereignty

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.87-93

The ideas of the club of Rome as an important basis of financial, economic, political and legal practices of bourgeois elites at the global level in the form of implementation misanthropic neomalthusianism concepts in the contemporary world are investigated in the context of their implementation in post-Soviet Russia; substantiates the key role of the ideology and practice of the club of Rome in the Russian liberal elites, the destruction of the Soviet system, the dynamics of post-Soviet Russia; the necessity of the upsurge of scientific research in the interests of peoples and countries, alternative design development of the club of Rome, as a key basis for restoration of economic safety of Russia its financial-economic sovereignty and the development of the project of the future world order based on the principles of popular democracy.