Idea of the Big Eurasian Partnership was formulated in December 2015 by the President of Russia V.V. Putin, who launched an initiative to begin consultations on forming an economic partnership between the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. According to the author of the article, partnership should be formed on the basis of a flexible system of legal norms, joint projects and institutions that take into account diversity of the participants’ interests and purely volunteer nature of cooperation. Options for integrating into the partnership can be of different speeds and different levels, providing each participant the freedom to choose a package of commitments.
The name of Anatoly Nikolayevich Efimov, the first director of Scientific Research Economic Institute under the State Planning Committee of the USSR (SREI), elected in 1955, is associated with fundamentally new stage in the history of planning after the end of the Stalin era in 1953. Pioneer and fundamental developments of the interbranch balance, awarded with the USSR State Prize in 1968, methodology for forecasting the country’s economy development, widely used today in the market conditions, have made up the content and novelty of this stage, as well as the main vector of SREI’s scientific research. The choice of these directions is not a flash of reason or sudden enlightenment. Their roots go not only into the environment, but also to the turbulent and dramatic events of the 1920s, which became a time of choosing the way of the country’s development, overcoming economic and cultural backwardness in conditions of isolation and a hostile external environment. Transition from the policy of “military communism” to the NEP, the broadest democratization of society served as a powerful impetus for development of planned economic thought.
The article examines organizational approaches to formation of Gosplan in Russia as a system of qualitatively new tools for monitoring and planning of market socio-economic development through infrastructure of well-ordered complex system of commodity resources formalized electronic markets within the framework of developing the system of Electronic trading platforms. The amount of data, collected from the interconnected electronic trading platforms, is an information base of Gosplan for issuing analysis results of the market trends and optimization recommendations (“planned targets”) for state structures and government authorities of the relevant product markets.