Problems of the Regional Economy Regulation in the System of Interbudgetary Relations

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.188.2023.64-71

The aim of the study is to substantiate the directions of territorial economic development within the system of interbudgetary relations. It is emphasized that resolution of ver tical contradictions in the country’s interbudgetary relations requires scientific and applied research. On the whole, although insignificant, there is an increase in the centralization degree of the country’s budgetary resources at the federal budget level. Current mechanisms of interbudgetary relations in the country require new fundamental approaches to providing budget equalization. Strategic socio-economic development of the country should be put at the forefront in the process of reforming relations between the center and the territories. As a result, the necessit y of organizing interbudgetary relations of regional development in the context of “from the future to the present” dynamics is substantiated. In addition, digital plat forms should be used in the mechanisms of interbudgetary relations of regional development.


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Expertise of Solutions in the Public Administration System


The purpose of the study is to analyze the expert activity in the Russian Federation, with the receipt of basic recommendations for the deployment of a system of state expertise. The research methodology is a comparative, retrospective analysis, a method of taxonomy of management problems and the solution of poorly structured problems. The application of the indicated methodology allowed us to come to the main result, which boils down to the fact that in Russia expert activity at the state level has significant limitations for many reasons, which reduces the effectiveness of analytical management. This constitutes a condition for the failure of many programs and doctrines, namely strategic documents for development until 2020, and also blocks the formation of a new model of economic growth at the level of the state policy pursued for a decade. In addition, ill-considered reforms in education, science, and the administrative sphere also confirm the existence of significant gaps in the field of analytical public administration. Overcoming the listed problems is seen in the deployment of a system of state expertise on the basis of the relevant Federal Law with the leading role of the Academy of Sciences, since expertise involves exploratory, scientific activities, multivariate analysis and predictive assessments. In the course of the analysis, including the drafts of the Regulation on the support of expert activities in the executive authorities of Russia, developed at the Academy of Sciences, it is nevertheless proposed to abandon the public status of expert councils, as well as to change approaches in the field of recommendations and consideration of the examinations   themselves. Also proposed are corrections of some rules for voting on expertise and the level of responsibility of the experts themselves for their conclusions, including the responsibility of the authorities regarding the consideration of expert opinions. Thus, in the course of the study, he proposes to launch a large-scale work on the formation of a system of state expertise that functions at all levels of management with budgetary resources allocated for this.


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2. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 4 fevralya 2021 g. N 68 “Ob otsenke effektivnosti deyatel’nosti vysshikh dolzhnostnykh lits (rukovoditelei vysshikh ispolnitel’nykh organov gosudarstvennoi vlasti) sub”ektov Rossiiskoi Federatsii i deyatel’nosti organov ispolnitel’noi vlasti sub”ektov Rossiiskoi Federatsii” [On the Assessment of the Effectiveness of the Activities of Senior Officials (Heads of the Highest Executive Bodies of State Power) of the Constituent Entities of the Russian Federation and the Activities of the Executive Bodies of the Constituent Entities of the Russian Federation: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of February 4, 2021 No. 68]. Ofitsial’nyi sait Prezidenta RF. URL: news/64970.

Prospects for the development of the mining industry in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation

The article is devoted to the development of the mining industry in the territory of the Murmansk region, which is part of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The importance of mining enterprises in the volume of industrial production of the Murmansk region is analyzed, the largest enterprises to grow and their role in the socio-economic development of the region are identified. Using the example of the largest mining enterprise in the Murmansk Region (Kovdor Mining and Processing Plant), an analysis of the use of the enterprise’s working capital was carried out, the degree of efficiency of the enterprise and the industry as a whole was determined, and prospects for attracting investors from other regions were evaluated.