The "Economic Strategies" journal

2023 #1 2023 Unrequited Future...

Information Warfare of the USSR and the West: Generalization and Experience Comprehension

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.98-109

The article presents a factual retrospective review of the public consciousness deformation as a result of successful subversive

ideological and psychological work against the USSR, carried out by the United States in the second half of the 20th century, called the Cold War. Evidence from documents and memoirs of the events participants allows us to realize the continuing relevance of the systemic danger of a destructive information impact for modern Russia.


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5. Khinshtein A. Kak ubivayut Rossiyu [How They Kill Russia]. Moscow, Abris, OLMA, 2018, 448 p.

6. Khlobustov O.M. KGB SSSR 1954–1991. Tainy gibeli Velikoi derzhavy [KGB of the USSR 1954-1991. Secrets of the Death of the Great Power]. Moscow, 2013, pp. 73.

7. Khlobustov O.M. Eshche raz o «preslovutom plane Dallesa» [Once Again About the “Notorious Plan of Dulles”]. Trudy Obshchestva izucheniya istorii otechestvennykh spetssluzhb. T. I. Moscow, 2006, pp. 221–220.

8. Shveitser M. POBEDA [Victory]. Minsk, 1995, pp. 77.

9. Anan’ev A.A. Prizvanie Ryurikovichei, ili Tysyacheletnyaya zagadka Rossii [Vocation of the Rurik Dynasty or the Millennium Mystery of Russia]. Moscow, 1996, p. 304.

10. Zhdanov A.A. O mezhdunarodnom polozhenii: Doklad na I soveshchanii Kommunisticheskogo informbyuro 25 sentyabrya 1947 g. [On the International Situation: Report at the 1st Meeting of the Communist Information Bureau on September 25, 1947.]. Rossiiskaya gosudarstvennaya biblioteka, available at:

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13. Khlobustov O.M. Fenomen Andropova: lichnost’ i ee rol’ v istorii / Istoricheskie chteniya na ul. Andropova, 5. Istoriya organov bezopasnosti: materialy VI mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi 70-letiyu Pobedy sovetskogo naroda v Velikoi Otechestvennoi voine 1941–1945 gg. [The Andropov Phenomenon: Personality and its Role in History / Historical Readings on the Andropova street, 5. History of Security Agencies: Materials of the VI International Scientific Conference Dedicated to the 70th Anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet People in the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945.]. Petrozavodsk, 2016. S. 257.

Tell Everyone that Rus’ is Always Alive

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.110-119

The fate of Russia is a hard military work, wars with various defensive and offensive goals. The people at war, their heroism and tragedy – this is the leitmotif of this article. History of the Fatherland is essentially a military chronicle of Russian statehood. It is important to feel the inextricable thread of times, the full depth and richness of the Fatherland’s heroic traditions, dating back to ancient times.

Antagonism in the Approach to Analyzing Foreign Investment into Strategic Companies

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.122-129

The modern model of attracting foreign investment requires rethinking from the perspective of achieving the development goals of investment objects. The article examines the relationship of the institutional foundations of foreign investment in strategic societies with the development processes of such societies. The author provides data on the presence of some flaws in the institutional foundations, and also reveals extremely insignificant research activity in relation to the issue under study. The work used such general scientific and special methods as the scientometric method, the method of text analysis, the method of retrospective analysis, analytical methods and the method of system analysis. Empirical research materials are presented by open analytical reports of the Federal Antimonopoly Service of the Russian Federation, the UN Conference on Trade and Development. The shortcomings were identified and the directions of modernization of the institutional foundations of foreign investment in strategic companies were formed.


1. Kovarda V.V., Rogov R.A. Issledovanie osnovnykh problem privlecheniya inostrannykh investitsii v ekonomiku Rossii [Research of the Main Problems in Attracting Foreign Investment in the Russian Economy]. Vestnik Evraziiskoi nauki, 2019, no 1, available at:

2. Zhukov P.E., Rasulova G.M. Problemy privlecheniya pryamykh inostrannykh investitsii v Rossiyu na sovremennom etape [Problems of Attracting Foreign Direct Investments to Russia at the Present Stage]. Vestnik Evraziiskoi nauki, 2020, no 4, available at:

3. Mamedov T.N. Rol’ pryamykh inostrannykh investitsii v ekonomicheskom sotrudnichestve stran SNG [Role of Foreign Direct Investments in Economic Cooperation of the CIS Countries]. Sovremennaya Evropa, 2020, no 3 (96), pp. 188–195.

4. Deyatel’nost’ podkomissii po vydache razreshenii [Activities of the Licensing Sub-committee]. Minfin Rossii, available at:

5. Zakonoproekt N 1101162-7 «O vnesenii izmenenii v otdel’nye zakonodatel’nye akty RF» [Draft Law No. 1101162-7 “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”]. Gosudarstvennaya Duma Federal’nogo Sobraniya RF, available at:

6. Prezident Rossii podpisal zakon, kotoryi zashchitit rossiiskuyu rybodobyvayushchuyu otrasl’ ot kontrolya so storony nedobrosovestnykh inostrannykh investorov [The President of Russia Signed a Law that will Protect the Russian Fishing Industry From Control by Unscrupulous Foreign Investors]. FAS RF, available at:

7. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 02.07.2021 N 400 «O Strategii natsional’noi bezopasnosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii» [Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of July 2, 2021 No. 400 “On the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation”]. Sait Prezidenta Rossii, available at:

Mechanisms for Developing Military Production Diversification Programs Based on the Simulation Methods

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.130-142

The main purpose of this work is to develop theoretical and methodological provisions for substantiation of strategic decisions in the field of forming (in the context of military production and import substitution diversification) plans for manufacturing high-tech civilian products by enterprises of the domestic military-industrial complex (DIC).

The following issues are addressed and resolved in the paper: 1) comparative analysis of the specific features of the organization of the of military products manufacturing was carried out; 2) proposals were made on the range of high-tech civilian products that can be produced by defence industry enterprises in the context of the military production diversification; 3) the expediency of using simulation modeling in formation and justification of military production diversification programs was proved; 4) the fundamental principles of building simulation models were formulated and substantiated; 5) the sequence, order, methods and procedures for developing medium-term and annual plans for economic and social development of diversified defence industry enterprises in the context of diversifying military production were developed.

Scientific novelty of the present article consists primarily in qualitative assessment of the impact of changing external factors on the results and performance of economic entities (enterprises), carried out with the help of simulation modeling as a working tool.


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7. Bat’kovskii A.M., Fomina A.V. Razrabotka programmy diversifikatsii predpriyatiya oboronno-promyshlennogo kompleksa [Development of a Diversification Program for a Defence-industrial Complex Enterprise]. Nauka bez granits, 2020, no 5(45), pp. 151–157.

Building a Model for Forecasting the Exchange Rate on the Long-term and Short-term Horizons

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.16-25

Forecasting the ruble exchange dynamics appears objectively necessary for shaping both the medium-term financial strategy of industry corporations and the general strategic course for occupying leading positions in sectors of business interest, including through the use of new financial instruments, new markets and, in general, a system of strategic planning of socio-economic development of Russia. However, in today’s realities, according to most experts, with whom we cannot but agree, the task of forecasting seems extremely difficult and appears complicated by the fact that the launched crises are unpredictable and are characterized by a diverse nature (pandemic and geopolitical crises, expansion of trade wars and sanctions). In such conditions, when uncertainty grows excessively, it is important to turn to the accumulated experience: to analyze to what extent the available models can be suitable for prospective assessments in the current environment.


[1–15] see No. 6 (186)/2022, p. 25.

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DOI: 10.26794/2587-5671-2020-24-1-14-23.

20. Mhitaryan S.V., Danchenok L.A. Prognozirovanie prodazh s pomoshch’yu adaptivnyh statisticheskih metodov [Sales Forecasting with the Help of Adaptive Statistical Methods]. Fundamental’nye issledovaniya, 2014, no 9-4, pp. 818–822.

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Changing Technological Development: Approaches, Methods, Problems and Prospects

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.26-35

Technological changes form the basis of modern economic development, however, in order to study their influence and features, as well as to develop control actions, it is necessary to adequately measure the level of technological effectiveness of the economy. The purpose of the study is to identify the limitations of existing approaches and methods for measuring technological development, indicating what prospects there are in terms of their improvement or the development of new ways to assess the level of manufacturability and emerging technologies. The methodology is based on the economic theory of technological development, statistical approaches to measuring the level of technological effectiveness of the economy, performance assessment, and comparative analysis is applied. The result is reduced to a reasonable position that the existing methods for measuring the level of manufacturability essentially do not reveal the true content of this concept, do not reflect the manufacturability of the economy. Thus, it is required to revise and introduce new accounting, measurement and statistical procedures covering the issues of technological development. The measuring apparatus for technological modes, the “knowledge economy” also requires perfection, which is proposed in this study.

By modes, it is important to measure the distribution of policy instruments and the structure of technologies in each mode, for which accounting for specific types of technologies and the construction of technological maps can be used. The “knowledge economy”, which symbolizes a high level of technological development, needs to be measured in its purest form by the volume of sectors responsible for the creation, transfer, replication and application of advanced knowledge. Evaluation of productive jobs needs to be revised — from measuring wages in the workplace, as it is today, to measuring the level of its automation and intellectualization.


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6. Antonelli C., Gehringer А. Technological change, rent and income inequalities: A Schumpeterian approach. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 2017, vol. 115, pp. 85–98.

Poverty and the “Free Rider Problem” in Russian Society. Interrelationship and Solutions

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.36-38

Two shortcomings of our economy — poverty and the “free rider problem” — have the same origin — an exorbitant tax burden on wages. Mathematical modeling of the transition process from modern to transactional taxation, carried out by a group of Russian scientists, has shown that due to this transition, the country’s economy will begin to grow at a rate of 6–7% per year. And most importantly, the very concept of misery will disappear in the country and poverty will be reduced significantly.


1. Eksperty predlozhili reshenie “problemy bezbiletnika” [Experts have Proposed a Solution to the “Free Rider Problem”]. RBK, 2022, 9 dekabrya, available at:

2. Neravenstvo i bednost’ [Inequality and Poverty]. Federal’naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki, available at:

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im. D.I. Mendeleeva, Sretenskii klub im. S.P. Kurdyumova. Moscow, Grifon, 2022.

4. Shcherbakov A.V., Rumyantsev V.Yu., Oleskin A.V. Setevaya ekonomika [Network Economy]. Pod red. A.V. Shcherbakova; Tsentr sotsial’no-ekonomicheskogo

prognozirovaniya im. D.I. Mendeleeva, Sretenskii klub im. S.P. Kurdyumova. Moscow, Grifon, 2020.

5. Shcherbakov A.V., Malkov S.Yu. Mobilizatsionnaya ekonomika Rossii [Mobilization Economy of Russia]. Moscow, Grifon, 2022.

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Russian Overcoming of Global Value-Based Segregation

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.39-45

The article provides a modern answer to Adam Smith’s classic question on how exactly the vital assets of peoples are created in the states. It is shown that vital assets in the states are originally created through extraction (for a human), production (for a human) and imputation (into a human), which are three qualitatively different main types of vital creativity.

This results in identification of three main patterns of life: extractive, productive and imputative. It is argued that with any basic form of life creativity, creation of a changing variety of life assets in the states is carried out mainly due to inclusion of a larger mental component in all creative chains.

However, creation of a larger mental capacity can occur only through the concomitant and inevitable expenditure of both the same energy and the same information. Inevitable need for this mentioned expenditure (consumption) is the creative “damnation” of mankind.

Strategies for Russia’s exit from modern interstate exploitation are described. It is а proved that strategically and epochally the best way for Russia to get out of this system of exploitation is to recreate a sovereign, full-fledged three-pattern vitality, where combination of the main life patterns satisfies the life code that is historically inherent in Russia.

It is shown that due to the presence of the mentioned “damnation”, modern Russia has got an energy “lever” that is sufficient (if used correctly) to create its own anti-segregation macro-regional cooperants without pattern-based segregation.


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3. Bolduin R. Velikaya konvergentsiya. Informatsionnye tekhnologii i novaya globalizatsiya [Great Convergence. Information Technology and New Globalization]. Moscow, Delo, 2018, 415 p.

4. Dobren’kov V.I. Globalizatsiya. Sushchnost’, proyavleniya i sotsial’nye posledstviya [Globalization. Essence, Manifestations and Social Consequences]. Moscow, Akademicheskii proekt, 2018. 636 s.

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7. Ryazanov V.T. (Ne)Real’nyi kapitalizm. Politekonomiya krizisa i ego posledstvii dlya mirovogo khozyaistva i Rossii [(Un) Real Capitalism. Political Economy of the Crisis and of Its Consequences for the World Economy and Russia]. Moscow, Ekonomika, 2016, 695 p.

8. Fedorenko N.P. Rossiya na rubezhe vekov [Russia at the Turn of the Century]. Moscow, Ekonomika, 2003, 727 p.

Energy Security of the Member States of the Eurasian Economic Union

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.46-55

This article is devoted to ensuring the energy security of the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union (hereinafter referred to as the EAEU). Certain issues of ensuring energy security are considered; It is noted that the key goal of ensuring the energy security of the Union should be, first of all, the maintenance of the energy resource base of the Union.

The acts of the EAEU bodies and the Member States devoted to ensuring energy security were considered.

It is noted that the term “energy security” is used in many international legal acts, but there is no monotonous content of this definition in international law.

The author proposed to develop a number of documents aimed at improving the energy security system.


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2. Abakumova M.M. Energeticheskaya bezopasnost’ EAES: vyzovy i riski [EAEU Energy Security: Challenges and Risks]. Innovatsii i investitsii, 2018, no 1, pp. 89–92.

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5. Postanovlenie N 8-15 Parlamentskoi Assamblei Organizatsii Dogovora o kollektivnoi bezopasnosti “O proekte Rekomendatsii po garmonizatsii zakonodatel’stva gosudarstv — chlenov ODKB v sfere ukrepleniya energeticheskoi bezopasnosti” [Resolution No. 8-15 of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Collective Security Treaty Organization “On the Draft Recommendations for the harmonization of the Legislation of the CSTO Member States in the Field of Strengthening Energy Security”]. Sait Parlamentskoi Assamblei Organizatsii Dogovora o kollektivnoi bezopasnosti, available at:

6. Postanovlenie PA ODKB ot 13 oktyabrya 2017 g. N 10-4.1 “O model’nom zakone ODKB ‘Ob energeticheskoi bezopasnosti’” [Resolution of the CSTO PA dated October 13, 2017 No. 10-4.1 “On the CSTO Model Law “On Energy Security”]. Sait Parlamentskoi Assamblei Organizatsii Dogovora o kollektivnoi bezopasnosti, available at:

Digital Platform for Managing Scientific and Technological Development within Economic Cooperation Framework

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.56-69

In the circumstances of sanctions-related economic and scientific-technical blockade, the need to build digital mechanisms for managing import substitution processes on the basis of planning and coordinating competencies, similar to the competencies that the USSR State Committee for Science and Technology had, has sharply actualized. It is proposed to use intelligent digital platforms to control the development of science and technology based on the principles of the Soviet information network OGAS and EGSVC projects. The authors of the article substantiate necessity to apply digital information and communication technologies and computing services at various levels of management for innovative agents of any form of ownership through creating and configurating multilayer information-management fields.


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2. Ageev A.I., Loginov E.L. Rossiya v novoi ekonomicheskoi real’nosti [Russia in a New Economic Reality]. Moscow, Institut ekonomicheskikh strategii, Assotsiatsiya “Analitika”, 2016, 460 p.

3. Grabchak E.P. Importozameshchenie v energetike Rossii v usloviyakh sanktsii [Import Substitution in the Russian Energy Sector in the Context of Sanctions]. Upravlenie slozhnymi organizatsionnymi i tekhnicheskimi sistemami v usloviyakh sverkhkriticheskikh situatsii: Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Moskva, MNIIPU, 21–22 aprelya 2022 g. [Management of complex organizational and technical systems in conditions of supercritical situations: Proceedings of the international scientific and practical conference. Moscow, MNIIPU, April 21–22, 2022]. Moscow, MNIIPU, 2022, pp. 16–18.

4. Grabchak E.P., Loginov E.L., Chinaliev V.U., Epishkin I.I. Upravlenie razvitiem slozhnykh nauchno-tekhnicheskikh kompleksov na osnove intellektual’nykh tsifrovykh platform (realizatsiya kompetentsii Goskomiteta SSSR po nauke i tekhnike v usloviyakh tsifrovoi ekonomiki) [Managing the Development of Complex Scientific-technical Systems Based on Intelligent Digital Platforms (Implementation of the Competencies of the USSR State Committee for Science and Technology in Conditions of Digital Economy)]. Moscow, INES, 2023, 504 p.

5. Chinaliev V.U. Razvitie politiki importozameshcheniya v promyshlennosti Rossii [Developing Import Substitution Policy in the Russian industry]. Upravlenie slozhnymi organizatsionnymi i tekhnicheskimi sistemami v usloviyakh sverkhkriticheskikh situatsii: Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii. Moskva, MNIIPU, 21–22 aprelya 2022 g. [Management of Complex Organizational and Technical Systems in Conditions of Supercritical Situations: Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. Moscow, MNIIPU, April 21–22, 2022]. Moscow, MNIIPU, 2022.S. 50–53.