Mechanisms for Developing Military Production Diversification Programs Based on the Simulation Methods

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.130-142

The main purpose of this work is to develop theoretical and methodological provisions for substantiation of strategic decisions in the field of forming (in the context of military production and import substitution diversification) plans for manufacturing high-tech civilian products by enterprises of the domestic military-industrial complex (DIC).

The following issues are addressed and resolved in the paper: 1) comparative analysis of the specific features of the organization of the of military products manufacturing was carried out; 2) proposals were made on the range of high-tech civilian products that can be produced by defence industry enterprises in the context of the military production diversification; 3) the expediency of using simulation modeling in formation and justification of military production diversification programs was proved; 4) the fundamental principles of building simulation models were formulated and substantiated; 5) the sequence, order, methods and procedures for developing medium-term and annual plans for economic and social development of diversified defence industry enterprises in the context of diversifying military production were developed.

Scientific novelty of the present article consists primarily in qualitative assessment of the impact of changing external factors on the results and performance of economic entities (enterprises), carried out with the help of simulation modeling as a working tool.


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Antagonism in the Approach to Analyzing Foreign Investment into Strategic Companies

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.187.2023.122-129

The modern model of attracting foreign investment requires rethinking from the perspective of achieving the development goals of investment objects. The article examines the relationship of the institutional foundations of foreign investment in strategic societies with the development processes of such societies. The author provides data on the presence of some flaws in the institutional foundations, and also reveals extremely insignificant research activity in relation to the issue under study. The work used such general scientific and special methods as the scientometric method, the method of text analysis, the method of retrospective analysis, analytical methods and the method of system analysis. Empirical research materials are presented by open analytical reports of the Federal Antimonopoly Service of the Russian Federation, the UN Conference on Trade and Development. The shortcomings were identified and the directions of modernization of the institutional foundations of foreign investment in strategic companies were formed.


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Principles of Trust Systems


Principles are the basis of the law: a constant connection between the previous and the next, between the current state of the world and the immediate coming. One of the basic principles of the evolution of human society since ancient times has been the principle of trust — you could only survive together by trusting your own. The principle of trust was the basis for building trust-based management systems that evolved, reflecting the basic models of the market code.


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Import Substitution of Marketing Channels and Products in the Field of Perfumery and Cosmetics Retail


This article discusses various aspects of the situation of import substitution in the field of perfumery and cosmetics retail, which has developed in the Russian Federation in the middle of 2022. The author analyzes the changes that have occurred in the market after the tightening of sanctions and restrictions by Western countries. Further trends in the development of the domestic perfumery and cosmetics market are revealed. It is concluded that the events taking place not only have negative aspects, but also provide ample opportunities for domestic producers. The Russian market and the perfume and cosmetics industry itself are waiting for serious internal transformations in the coming years, but the market capacity cannot decrease and will tend to increase, which determines the need for effective import substitution based on the development of own production and increased supplies from friendly countries.


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The Current State of the Problem of the Development of the Russian Market of Ferrous Metallurgy under the Conditions of the Sanction Crisis Caused by a Special Military Operation


The article studies the current state and development problems of the Russian ferrous metallurgy market in the context of the sanction’s crisis caused by a special military operation. It is shown that the conduct of a special Russian military operation in Ukraine increases the burden on the already stretched global supply chains, and the metal markets are no exception. The metals that fell under the sanctions are considered.

It is concluded that the start of a military special operation in Ukraine caused an increase in sanctions pressure on Russia from Western countries and a ban on the supply of steel products to the EU countries. It has been determined that under the current conditions, the issue of redistributing production volumes to other markets becomes the most relevant for the industry, while the replacement of falling volumes will occur by increasing supplies to Asia, the Middle East and Latin America, as well as to the domestic market.


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Determining the Optimum Power Supply Configuration of an Isolated Mining Industry Facility Using a Autonomous Hybrid Power Plant Including a Hydrogen Energy Storage System


The article gives a brief description of the concept of autonomous hybrid power plant with hydrogen energy storage system, lists the main elements of the power complex and their characteristics, describes the technical and economic model and calculation algorithms, allowing to obtain a pre-project vision of the power complex, as well as to make an operational assessment of the economic feasibility of its introduction into the power supply system of mining industry facilities in isolated and hard-to-reach territories of the Russian Federation.



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Energy and Climate Change: Modeling the Relationship


Assessing feasibility and possible consequences of integrated energy consumption regulation requires the creation of hybrid model complexes that combine climate modeling, energy modelling and economic modeling as well as investment in the development of certain technologies and areas. These model complexes allow to build various long-term development scenarios for the world and individual regions and countries, to assess the impact of introduced policies and regulation methods on all stakeholders and on the economy and public welfare in general. The paper describes the basic approaches to modeling and also considers in detail the European set of models and the main results that it provides at the output. Taking into account this foreign experience in developing assessments of the economic consequences of climate change and decarbonization, according to the author, will be useful for Russia.



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Political Role of the Dunbar Project in Developing the Global Financial Architecture


Digitalization is one of the main transformation processes of the modern system of global interactions, changing the nature of social links not only at the technical and economic, but also at the political level. Herewith, technological innovations also become instruments of political influence. The present article analyzes the management structure of one of the leading participants in the global financial market — the Bank for International Settlements (hereinafter — BIS) and highlights the important place the BIS occupies in the global financial architecture on the example of the Dunbar project, being developed in its innovation hub. In digital age the BIS has assumed a new leading role in exploring, developing and testing digital innovations in the central banking sector. It is noted that potential to use the BIS for political purposes is great, given that the Dunbar project will have far-reaching consequences for the structure of modern international relations.


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Dominance of National Systems of Higher Education


The theory of economic dominance in a multilevel economy, developed by Blokhin A.A. and Lomakin-Rumyantsev I.V., has been actively tested by researches on different markets since 2019 — the distribution of players in the markets allows to formulate different strategies for their development. This article is a development of studies devoted to the study of competition in the education market and presents the result of economic dominance of national higher education systems in the international market. This research aims to analyze the subject areas of social sciences and management, for further identifying dominance in the QS ranking.

The sample consists of 58 QS subject rankings for 2018–2021. The main instrument is the SV-matrix (strength/variety). The analysis outlines areas of subject ratings where there is dominance of national educational systems and characterizes its level. In addition, an interpretation of the situation when constructing the SV matrix, where Lind index shows boundary values when determining dominant group size. The SV matrix gives valid results and allows both qualitatively and quantitatively assessing the positions of countries in educational rankings. Analysis using SV-matrix made it possible to identify 8 out of 15 subject areas, in which there is clear dominance and determined positions of Russian universities relative to the dominant group. The hypothesis of United States presence in the dominant group in most areas of social sciences and management was confirmed, however, several subjects were defined, where the higher education system of anther countries were in the lead. The scientific novelty of this study lies in the proposal and testing of a method for assessing the level of dominance of national educational systems in the international education market. The SV matrix allows to analyze the positions of different countries in the international educational space, both in dynamics and in statics (to assess the level of competitiveness of national educational systems); to understand theoretically the level of differentiation of national educational systems in certain subject ratings; to assess the concentration (barriers to enter the rating) and the strength of competition (how strongly the players differ) of subject areas.


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Mir Rossii. Sotsiologiya. Etnologiya, 2017, no 2, pp. 154–174.

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