The "Economic Strategies" journal

2023 #3 2023 Agitated Zero




On Some Observations of the Fundamental Laws of Nature

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.42-49

The article describes an observed natural phenomenon, consideration of which hypothetically improves the accuracy of natural processes modeling.

References:

1. Arshinov V.I., Svirskii Ya.I. Slozhnostnyi mir i ego nablyudatel’. Chast’ pervaya [Complex World and its Observer. Part One]. Filosofiya nauki i tekhniki, 2015, vol. 20, no 2, pp. 70–84.

2. Arshinov V.I., Svirskii Ya.I. Slozhnostnyi mir i ego nablyudatel’. Chast’ vtoraya [Complex World and its Observer. Part Two]. Filosofiya nauki i tekhniki, 2016, vol. 21, no 1, pp. 78–91.

3. Arshinov V.I., Budanov V.G. Sotsiotekhnicheskie landshafty v optike semioticheski-tsifrovoi slozhnostnosti [Sociotechnical Landscapes in the Optics of Semiotic-Digital Complexity]. Voprosy filosofii, 2020, no 8, pp. 106–116.

4. Foerster H. Notes pour un epistemologie des objetsvivants. In Morin E. and Piatelli-Palmerini M. (Eds). L’Unité de L’Homme, Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1974, pp. 401–417.

5. Spencer-Brown G. Laws of Form. N.Y., Division of Elsevier-Dutton Publishing, 1979, 169 p.

6. Maturana U. Biologiya poznaniya [Biology of Cognition]. Yazyk i intellect, Moscow, Progress, 1996, 416 p.

7. Feiman R. KED — strannaya teoriya sveta i veshchestva [QED: The Strange Theory of Light and Matter]. Moscow, Astrel’, Poligrafizdat, 2012, 191 p.

8. Prigozhin I., Stengers I. Poryadok iz khaosa. Novyi dialog cheloveka s prirodoi [Order out of Chaos. New Dialogue Between Man and the Nature]. Moscow, Editorial URSS, 2014, 304 p.

9. Nikolis G., Prigozhin I. Samoorganizatsiya v neravnovesnykh sistemakh. Ot dissipativnykh struktur k uporyadochennosti cherez fluktuatsii [Self-Organization in Nonequilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order Through Fluctuations]. Moscow, Mir, 1979, 512 p.

10. Bozbei L.S., Kostikov A.O., Tkachenko V.I. Elementarnaya konvektivnaya yacheika v sloe neszhimaemoi, vyazkoi zhidkosti i ee fizicheskie svoistva: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii MSS-14 “Transformatsiya voln, kogerentnye struktury i turbulentnost’”. Moskva, Institut kosmicheskikh issledovanii,

2014 g. [Elementary Convective Cell in an Incompressible Viscous Fluid Layer of and Its Parameters: Proceedings of the MSS-14 International Conference “Transformation of Waves, Coherent Structures and Turbulence”. Moscow, Space Research Institute]. Moscow, 2014, pp. 322–328.

11. Pikel’ner S.B. Dinamika solnechnoi atmosfery [Solar Atmosphere Dynamics]. Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, 1966, vol. 88, no 3, pp. 505–523.

12. Belousov B.P. Periodicheski deistvuyushchaya reaktsiya i ee mekhanizm: Sb.: Avtovolnovye protsessy v sistemakh s diffuziei [Periodically Acting Reaction and its Mechanism: Collection: Autowave Processes in Systems with Diffusion]. Gor’kii, Izd-vo GGU, 1951, pp. 76.

13. Belousov B.P. Periodicheski deistvuyushchaya reaktsiya i ee mekhanizm: Sb. referatov po radiatsionnoi meditsine za1958 g. [Periodically Acting Reaction and its Mechanism. Collection of Abstracts on Radiation Medicine]. Moscow, Medgiz, 1959, p. 145.

Scientific Knowledge Base in the Lens of Innovation Policy

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.50-57

The article examines the problem of measuring the scientific knowledge base (SKB) of innovation systems, the solution of which ensures transition to policy reformatting through the prism of SKB, which in its turn makes it possible to form a bridge between SKB and competitive opportunities in the sectoral market, between scientific knowledge and provision of technological and economic security. The developed measurement system was used to evaluate the SKB of Russia’s SIS in the field of nanotechnology in order to answer a number of questions. Has competitive nanoscience been created during the reforms? Are the country’s economic reforms supported by nanotechnological knowledge? Is the scientific sector oriented towards developing breakthrough nanotechnologies of the future?

References:

1. Gaponenko N.V. Sektoral’nye innovatsionnye sistemy v ekonomike, osnovannoi na znaniyakh [Sectoral Innovation Systems in the Knowledge-Based

Economy]. Monografiya. Moscow, IPRAN RAN, 2021.

2. Gaponenko N.V. Formirovanie tekhnologicheskoi bazy ekonomiki, osnovannoi na znaniyakh [Forming the Technological Base of the Knowledge-based

Economy]. Monografiya. Moscow, Yuniti-Dana, 2018.

3. Gaponenko N. In Search of Sectoral Foresight Methodology: Bridging Foresight and Sectoral System of Innovation and Production. Futures, 2022 HYPERLINK “https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00163287/135/supp/C”, vol. 135.

4. Gaponenko N.V. Zakonomernosti i osobennosti evolyutsii sektoral’nykh innovatsionnykh sistem v ramkakh dolgosrochnogo tsikla [Regularities and Features of the Evolution of Sectoral Innovation Systems in the Framework of a Long-term Cycle]. Sistemy i menedzhment, 2020, no 1.

5. Chimini G., Gabrielli A., Silos Labini F. Nauchnaya konkurentosposobnost’ natsii [Scientific Competitiveness of Nations]. PLoS ONE, 2014, 9(12).

6. Nanoindustriya Rossii. Statisticheskii spravochnik. 2015–2020 [Nanoindustry of Russia. Statistical Handbook. 2015-2020]. Moscow, 2020.

The XXI Century Science: New Priorities

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.58-61

The issue of priorities in science is discussed in comparison with L.N. Tolstoy’s formulation of this problem. Problems posed by L.N. Tolstoy, are addressed by the sciences of natural-humanitarian synthesis, which study the “nature — man — society” system. The main function of new sciences is to explore the issue of a man, conditions for selfpreservation and development of mankind as a whole. The change of priorities in the science of the 21st century is inevitable: from natural sciences to the sciences of natural-humanitarian synthesis.

References:

1. Golubev V.S. Priroda — chelovek — obshchestvo: razvitie i garmoniya [Nature — Man — Society: Development and Harmony]. Moscow, Lenand, 2016.

2. Golubev V.S. Garmoniya spaset mir [Harmony will Save the World]. Moscow, Lenand, 2017.

3. Golubev V.S. V poiskakh garmonii [In Search of Harmony]. Moscow, Lenand, 2022.

4. Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S. Osnovy ergodinamiki [Fundamentals of Ergodynamics]. Moscow, Energiya, 2003; 2-e izd., Moscow, Lenand, 2012.

5. Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Orlov I.B. Vvedenie v sistemnuyu teoriyu kapitala [Introduction to the System Theory of Capital]. Moscow, Lenand, 2013.

6. Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S., Tarko A.M. Strukturnaya energiya kak potentsial razvitiya. Mir i Rossiya [Structural Energy as a Development Potential. World and Russia]. Moscow, Lenand, 2014.

7. Golubev V.S. Vvedenie v sinteticheskuyu evolyutsionnuyu ekologiyu [Introduction to Synthetic Evolutionary Ecology]. Moscow, Papirus Pro, 2001.

8. Golubev V.S., Kurakov A.L., Timiryasova A.V. Chelovekovedenie [Human Studies]. Ucheb.-metodich. posobie. M.: IAEP; Kazan’: Poznanie, 2014.

9. Bushuev V.V., Golubev V.S. Estestvenno-nauchnye osnovy sotsial’nogo gumanizma [Natural-scientific Foundations of Social Humanism]. Moscow, Lenand, 2018.

10. Golubev V.S. Ocherki sotsial’nogo gumanizma. 3. O glavnom prioritete nauki: L.N. Tolstoi i sovremennost’ [Essays on Social Humanism. 3. On the Main Priority of Science: L.N. Tolstoy and Modernity]. Akademiya Trinitarizma, no 77-6567; publ. 25828, 2019, 26 oktyabrya, available at: http://www.trinitas.

ru/rus/doc/0016/001g/00164168.htm.

11. Golubev V.S. Osnovy ekosotsiogumanizma [Fundamentals of Ecosociohumanism]. Moscow, INFRA-M, 2022.

Methods for Evaluating Digital Financial Assets as the Basis for Future Trade Turnover

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.62-69

The author analyzes methods of cryptocurrency evaluation existing in foreign practice. Applicability of the comparative, income and cost approaches used in valuation activities, as well as possible methods within each of the approaches, is explored. It is determined that within the income approach, the discounted cash flow model and the exchange equation are applicable. The comparative approach involves the classic comparison of sales, while the cost approach contains two methods based on actual (energy cost method) and forecast (stock-flow ratio method) data.

References:

1. Kriptovalyuty: trendy, riski, mery: Doklad dlya obshchestvennykh konsul’tatsii [Cryptocurrencies: Trends, Risks, Measures: Public Consultation Report].

Moscow, Bank Rossii, 2022, available at: https://cbr.ru/Content/Document/File/132241/Consultation_Paper_20012022.pdf.

2. Nakamoto S. Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. Combining and Splitting Value, 2008, no 9.

3. Grazhdanskii kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Civil Code of the Russian Federation]. Garant, available at: https://base.garant.ru/10164072/

4. Medium [Informational portal], available at: https://medium.com.

5. Kyriazis N., Papadamou S., Corbet Sh. A systematic review of the bubble dynamics of cryptocurrency prices. Research in International Business and Finance, 2020.

6. Cong Lin William, Ye Li, Neng Wang. Tokenomics: Dynamic adoption and valuation. The Review of Financial Studies, 2021.

7. Zhang Junhuan, Xu Yunqing. Cryptocurrency price bubble detection using log-periodic power law model and wavelet analysis. SSRN Papers, 2021.

From Pandemic to Geopolitical Turbulence: Twists and Turns of the Appraisal Market

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.77-85

Methodology for studying the strategic potential of valuation companies in Russia is based on applying the “Strategic Matrix of the Company” software package, its algorithm involves the analysis of qualitative and quantitative indicators that allow to build a complete profile of the company and to give a scenario forecast of its development. The main qualitative parameters under analysis are: the degree of innovation and differentiation of services, the competition level and the market position of the company, priority of certain strategic goals in the company’s activities, effectiveness of motivation, corporate culture and ability to quickly access the necessary resources.

References:

1. The 10 innovations and disruptions that will impact property valuation. CBRE. 2022. 22 November, available at: https://www.cbre.com.au/insights/articles/ The-10-innovations-and-disruptions-that-will-impact-property-valuation.

2. Neopredelennost’ i chuvstvennyi vybor: kakim byl rynok nedvizhimosti v 2022 g. [Uncertainty and Sensual Choice: what the Real Estate Market was Like in 2022]. ROO Assotsiatsiya “Russkoe obshchestvo otsenshchikov”, 2022, 20 dekabrya, available at: http://sroroo.ru/press_center/news/3690904/

3. Spiridonov F.F. Otsenochnye kompanii dolzhny imet’ khoroshuyu reputatsiyu i dorozhit’ eyu [Evaluation Companies Shall Have Good Reputation and Value it]. Ekonomicheskie strategii, 2013, no 4, pp. 64, 65.

4. Rekomendatsii dlya otsenshchikov iskhodya iz tekushchei situatsii i tendentsii kratkosrochnogo perioda [Recommendations for Appraisers Based on the Current Situation and Short-term Trends]. SMAO, 2022, 18 marta, available at: https://smao.ru/press/news/smao/rekomendatsii_dlya_otsenschikov_ishodya_iz_
tekuschey_situatsii_i_tendentsiy_kratkosrochnogo_perioda.

5. Metodicheskie raz”yasneniya po opredeleniyu stoimosti v usloviyakh vysokoi neopredelennosti vneshnikh faktorov [Methodological Explanations for Determining the Value in Conditions of high Uncertainty of External Factors]. Ekspertnyi sovet, available at: https://srosovet.ru/press/news/040322-2/

6. Kosorukova I.V. Standartizatsiya otsenochnoi deyatel’nosti: problemy i analiz situatsii [Standardization of Valuation Activities: Problems and Situation Analysis]. Imushchestvennye otnosheniya v Rossiiskoi Federatsii, 2022, no 9(252), pp. 33–44.

7. Itogi i materialy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Otsenochnaya deyatel’nost’ v sovremennykh usloviyakh”. 27 maya 2022 g., Moskva [Results and Materials of the Scientific-practical Conference “Evaluation Activity in Modern Conditions”. May 27, 2022, Moscow]. ROO Assotsiatsiya “Russkoe obshchestvo otsenshchikov”, available at: http://sroroo.ru/press_center/events/results/3616162/?ELEMENT_ID=3616162&back_url_admin=%2Fbitrix%2Fadmin%2Fiblock_
list_admin.php%3FIBLOCK_ID%3D18%26type%3Dpress_center%26lang%3Dru%26find_section_section%3D0.

8. Maksim Skatov. Vpisat’sya v standarty [Fit into Standards]. Kommersant”, 2022, 31 avgusta, available at: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/5525875

Social Dominant of the Time Concept in the Process of Cardinal Transformations of Society

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.86-93

The author examines a number of topical aspects of socio-political practice and futurology of the ongoing process of cardinal transformations in post-Soviet Russia. It is shown that this process constitutes the essence of global trends of permanent renewal of state-public institutions, socio-political and production practices; it is associated with abandoning outdated ideologemes, economic concepts, with the elites change in the ongoing struggle for dominance in power structures.

References:

1. Kenko-khosi. Zapiski ot skuki [Boredom Notes]. Saint Petersburg, 2011, p. 11.

2. Khaidegger M. Istoki khudozhestvennogo tvoreniya (1935–1936): Izbrannye raboty raznykh let [Origins of Artistic Creation (1935–1936): Selected Works of Different Years]. Moscow, 2008, p. 421, available at: Haydegger_Istok-hudozhestvennogo-tvoreniya_RuLit_Me_515679.pdf.

3. Aron R. Etapy razvitiya sotsiologicheskoi mysli [Stages of the Sociological Thought Development]. Moscow, 1992, p. 256.

4. Knyazeva E., Kurdyumov S. Osnovaniya sinergetiki: Rezhimy s obostreniem, samoorganizatsiya, tempomiry [Fundamentals of Synergetics: Blow-Up Modes, Self-Organization, Tempo Worlds]. Saint Petersburg, 2002, pp. 306–308.

5. Makanin V. Pyataya knopka [Fifth Button]. Novyi mir, 2006, p. 10.

6. Rakitov A. Tsivilizatsiya, kul’tura, tekhnologiya i rynok [Civilization, Culture, Technology and the Market]. Voprosy filosofii, 1992, no 5.

7. Gesse G. Faust i Zaratustra. Doklad, sdelannyi v bremenskoi mestnoi gruppe Germanskogo soyuza monistov 1 maya 1909 g.: V kn. “Faust i Zaratustra” [Faust and Zarathustra. Report made in the Bremen local group of the German Monist Union on May 1, 1909: In the book “Faust and Zarathustra”]. Saint Petersburg, 2001, p. 23.

8. Yadov V.A. Teoretiko-kontseptual’noe ob”yasnenie “postkommunisticheskikh transformatsii” [Theoretical-Conceptual Explanation of “Post-Communist Transformations”]. Rossiya transformiruyushchayasya. Ezhegodnik, vyp. 6, Moscow, 2006, p. 124.

9. Davydov A.A. Mezhdu mistikoi i ratio [Between Mysticism and Ratio]. Moscow, 2006.

10. Kelly K. Fouth, Humanism and Technology. N.Y. — L., 1972.

11. Lisichkin V.A., Virin M.M. Informatsionnoe obshchestvo kak politicheskaya futurologiya [The Information Society as Political Futurology]. Moscow, 2009, p. 25.

12. Mesarovic M., Pestel E. Mankind at the Turning Point. N.Y., 1974, p. 40.

13. Sorokin P.A. Glavnye tendentsii nashego vremeni [Major Trends of Our Time]. Moscow, 1997.

14. Epshtein M. Znak probela [Blank Spaces]. O budushchem gumanitarnykh nauk, Moscow, 2004.

15. Horgan J. The End of Science: Facing the Limits of Knowledge in the Twilight of the Scientific Age. N.Y., Broadway Books, 1997, p. 7.

16. Kuznetsov V. Geokul’tura [Geoculture]. Moscow, 2000, p. 580–582.

17. Annan K. Predotvrashchenie voin i bedstvii: global’nyi vyzov rastushchikh masshtabov: Godovoi doklad OON za 1999 g. [Preventing Wars and Disasters: A Global Challenge of Growing Size: UN Annual Report 1999]. N.Y., 2000.

Self-similar Attractors of the Historical Process as Observable “Laws of Nature and Society”

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.94-103

The author dwells on self-similar factors that have regulated, regulate and in the nearest future will regulate sociohistorical processes. The old regulation methods, which have been characteristic of the planet and societ y’s biosphere for billions of years, are losing their dominance. This is expressed as a “crisis of crises”. New regulation methods have already begun to emerge in the historical process, but the final transition of societ y to the next stage of development will take place only after the singularity, that is, after a radical change in the principles, scales and dimensions of development. The main features of the new regulation methods are the reasonable exogenous development of our civilization, which can become an element of large space systems.

References:

1. Panov A.D. Krizis planetarnogo tsikla universal’noi istorii [Crisis of the Planetary Cycle of Universal History]. Moscow, NIIYaF MGU, 2005.

2. Nazaretyan A.P. Nelineinoe budushchee: megaistoricheskie, sinergeticheskie i kul’turno-psikhologicheskie predposylki global’nogo prognozirovaniya [Non-Linear Future: Mega-Historical, 3. Synergetic and Cultural-Psychological Prerequisites for Global Forecasting]. Institut vostokovedeniya RAN. Moscow, Izd-vo MBA, 2013, p. 303.

3. Sudakov K.V. Izbrannye trudy [Selected Works]. Moscow, GU NII normal’noi fiziologii im. P.K. Anokhina RAMN, 2007, vol 1. Razvitie teorii funktsional’nykh system, Moscow, 2007, pp. 233, 234.

4. Snooks G.D. The dynamic society. Exploring the source of global change. L. — N.Y., Routledge, 1996.

5. Panov A.D. Universal’naya evolyutsiya i problema poiska vnezemnogo razuma (SETI) [Universal Evolution and the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Problem]. Moscow, Izd-vo LKI, 2008, 208 p. (Sinergetika v gumanitarnykh naukakh.)

6. Est’ li budushchee u nauki: Interv’yu S.P. Kurdyumova i G.G. Malinetskogo o regulyatsii slozhnykh sistem [Is There a Future for Science: Interview with S.P. Kurdyumov and G.G. Malinetsky on the regulation of complex systems]. YouTube. Programma «Gordon» («Dialogi»), available at: https://youtu.be/DueTp7idhUo.

7. Kara-Murza S.G. Nauka kak koren’ Rossii [Science as a Root of Russia]. Razvitie i ekonomika: Al’manakh, available at: http://devec.ru/almanah/7/1426-sergej-kara-murza-nauka-kakkoren-rossii.ht.

8. Ovchinskii V., Larina E. Kholodnaya voina 2.0: Doklad Izborskomu klubu [Cold War 2.0: Report to the Izborsk Club]. Izborskii klub, available at: ht tp:// www.dynacon.ru/content/articles/4224/

9. Konets Istorii. Chto takoe singulyarnost’ i nado li ee boyat’sya? Interv’yu K. Frumkina S. Medvedevu [End of History. What is the Singularity and Should We be Afraid of it? Interview of K. Frumkin to S. Medvedev]. Radio Svoboda, available at: ht tp://www.svoboda.org/a/27934174.html.

10. Malinetskii G.G., Potapov A.B. Dzhokery, rusla ili poiski tret’ei paradigmy [Jokers, Channels or Search for the Third Paradigm]. Sinergeticheskaya paradigma. Moscow, 2000, Sait S.P. Kurdyumova “Sinergetika”, available at: http://spkurdyumov.ru/introduction/dzhokery-rusla/