Formation of innovative mechanisms of economic development of Russia

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.112.2023.5-15

In modern conditions, the economic development of the country should be based on an innovative basis, ensuring the transition to a new technical and technological level and import substitution of high-tech products. The article considers the organizational and economic mechanism for improving the technical and technological level of production of high-quality products and proposes an algorithm for its implementation, which provides for analysis and prompt decision-making in case of rejection or failure to achieve the decisions required at the moment, measures for the creation and release of innovative products. On the basis of the proposed mechanism, it is possible to take into account the directions of the organizational-institutional and technical-technological plan, which will increase the growth rates of industrial production and GDP of the Russian Federation.


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Anti-sanction policy of an industrial enterprise as an element of an anti-crisis strategy

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.111.2023.42-50

The anti-sanctions strategy can currently be part of the strategic planning of the Russian company’s activities, the essence of which consists of a set of measures aimed at changing behavior during downturns, a steady decline in financial performance, the threat of bankruptcy for the purpose of financial recovery. The article assesses the impact of the sanctions policy against the Russian Federation on industry in 2022, identifies the industries with the largest decline in the production index and internal factors contributing to pronounced crisis phenomena in these industries, lists the main negative manifestations of sanctions. The «problem field» faced by the manufacturer of equipment for the electric power industry has been investigated, the anti-sanction, anti-crisis measures taken and the difficulties that have arisen in the course of their implementation are listed. Possible ways of overcoming crisis phenomena are determined.


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3. Afanasyev A.A. On the assessment of the impact of international sanctions on the functioning of domestic industry. Economic relations. 2022;12(2):179-194. (In Russ.).

4. Afontsev S.A. Politics and economics of trade wars. Journal of NEA. 2020;1 (45):193-198. (In Russ.).

5. Ahmadeev A.M. Iran’s experience in innovation of enterprises and economy under economic sanctions. 2022;4(42):107-114. (In Russ.).

6. Barkovsky A.N. Consequences of Western sanctions and retaliatory sanctions of the Russian Federation / A.N. Barkovsky, S.S. Alabyan, O.V. Morozenkova. Russian Foreign Economic Bulletin. 2015;9:3-7. (In Russ.).

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8. Zvonova E.A. Preservation of the international competitiveness of the national economy of the country subject to economic sanctions (Iran’s experience). Economy. Taxes. Right. 2017;2:30-37. (In Russ.).

9. Zolotareva V.P. Formation of the «economy of resistance» in Russia: historical experience and modern realities. Law, Economics and Management: Theory and Practice: Collection of materials of the II All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, Cheboksary, May 12, 2022.  Cheboksary: Limited Liability Company «Publishing House “Wednesday”», 2022. pp. 31-35.

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Increasing the efficiency of using corporate information systems in production management (on the example of high-tech industries)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.111.2023.5-28

In modern conditions, prompt and reasonable adoption of important decisions on the regulation of production is impossible without automated calculations performed by modern software products. One of the ways to effectively solve this problem is to create a concept (taking into account the specific features of enterprises and organizations of the defense industry) of a corporate information system platform.

The paper considers and resolves the following issues: 1) on the basis of a comparative analysis of sales volumes of corporate information systems in the global and Russian markets, their main trends and patterns of development are identified; 2) a comparative assessment of the evolution of approaches to the creation and implementation of information systems, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as possible areas of the most effective use; 3) the priority requirements of potential users for corporate information systems are substantiated; 4) the main parameters are detailed – the characteristics of concentration, specialization, cooperation and combination of production; 5) the expediency of developing two variants of CIS platforms is substantiated: for a sub-sector (an integrated corporate structure) and for a group of enterprises producing homogeneous products; 6) proposals are made for organizing a complex of works in the defense industries to introduce advanced digital technologies to solve the problems of managing high-tech production.


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Import Substitution: Domestic Devices for Molecular Genetic Analysis

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.36-41

The analysis of the market of sequencing technologies was carried out, the factors accelerating and hindering its development were identified. Separate developments of equipment for molecular genetic analysis, carried out by the Institute for Analytical Instrumentation of the Russian Academy of Sciences in conjunction with LLC Sintol are presented in the article. The existing scientific and technical background and the potential of organizations allows for the rapid import substitution of a number of key instruments and devices for genetic research, including those with the necessary reagent base.


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4. Whole Genome Sequencing cost 2023, available at: a%20human, today%20it%20is%20approximately%20%24600.

5. Kurochkin V.E., Alekseev Ya.I., Petrov D.G., Evstrapov A.A. Otechestvennyye pribory dlya molekulyarno-geneticheskogo analiza: razrabotki IAP RAN i OOO “Sintol” [Domestic devices for molecular genetic analysis: developments of the IAP RAS and LLC “Sintol»]. Izvestiya Rossiyskoy Voyenno-meditsinskoy akademii. 2021, vol. 40, no 3, pp. 69–74.

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Import Substitution of Marketing Channels and Products in the Field of Perfumery and Cosmetics Retail


This article discusses various aspects of the situation of import substitution in the field of perfumery and cosmetics retail, which has developed in the Russian Federation in the middle of 2022. The author analyzes the changes that have occurred in the market after the tightening of sanctions and restrictions by Western countries. Further trends in the development of the domestic perfumery and cosmetics market are revealed. It is concluded that the events taking place not only have negative aspects, but also provide ample opportunities for domestic producers. The Russian market and the perfume and cosmetics industry itself are waiting for serious internal transformations in the coming years, but the market capacity cannot decrease and will tend to increase, which determines the need for effective import substitution based on the development of own production and increased supplies from friendly countries.


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3. Andrianova D. Kraski bleknut. Kosmetika dorozhaet i plokho importiruetsya [Colors Are Fading. Cosmetics Become More Expensive and Poorly Imported]. Kommersant”, 2022, 3 marta.

4. Mertsalova A., Kostyrev A. Parfyumeriya zapakhla defitsitom [Perfumes Started Smelling of Deficiency]. Kommersant”, 2022, 26 marta.

5. Bezuglova V. V ozhidanii renessansa rossiiskoi kosmetiki [Waiting for the Renaissance of Russian cosmetics]. Ekspert, 2022, no 23, available at:

6. Kobits E. Kosmeticheskie perspektivy: peredel rynka na ruku rossiiskim brendam [Cosmetic Prospects: Market Redistribution Is on Hand to Russian Brands]. Ekspert, 2022, 20 aprelya, available at:

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Foreign Direct Investment and Industrial Policy (Based on Examples of Certain Countries)


The goal of the study is an attempt to rethink the role of Foreign Direct Investment, Industrial Policy and others phenomenon.

The author propose a new analysis of them in today’s conditions and circumstances. This article uses statistics published by OECD and IMF. The article pays particular attention to different approaches of certain countries (USSR, Russia, Italy, South Korea) in the field of import of Foreign Direct Investment and in the field of the Industrial Policy. Based on many years of the author’s experience in the Russian banking sphere and Russian business, the author puts forward certain economic advice to regulators in Russia.



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Digital import substitution in the nuclear industry

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.106.2022.79-86

Import substitution as a factor in the growth of domestic production in 2022 is again a relevant process, firstly, due to the consequences of geopolitical tensions, which entailed, among other things, the outflow of personnel, and secondly, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in destruction of established logistics links and supply chains.

The article analyzes the process of import substitution on the example of the largest Russian generating company in the nuclear industry – the State Corporation «Rosatom».


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5. Rosatom completely switches to Astra Linux // CNews. May 19, 2022 URL:

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Package Sectoral Order as an Effective Tool for Managing Import Substitution, Development of New Technologies and Energy Modernization

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.169.2020.6-17

Import substitution in the energy sector requires development in Russia of a group of new industries and modernization of existing capacities. That calls for integrating the structures of fundamental and applied science, education, power engineering production, energy generation and electricity transport in the framework of a complete innovation cycle. The key to the problem solution is forming an integrated mechanism for planning and management of scientific-research, power engineering and electric power segments as parts of a single technological chain of work and procurement from basic research to equipment disposal. The R&D result should be a package sectoral order for equipment and technologies — a new planning and coordination tool in the market environment of Russian energy and power engineering. It is proposed to build a new information control loop in the energy sector of Russia to form the basis of a package order within the industry in order to establish medium- and long-term scientific and technical planning for replacing retiring equipment, tracking contracts and monitoring results of their implementation

Relationship of the Economic Basis and Political Superstructure of Modern Russia

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.20-31

Economic basis existing in the Russian Federation was formed in the 1990s, but it was developing and finally took shape in the early 2000s. It was the political struggle for its implementation that determined the form, structure and nature of the modern political superstructure. As shown by the experience of recent years, the formed basis and superstructure are not intended to carry out in-depth socio-economic reforms in Russia. At the same time, Western total Jesuit Russophobia, the growing power and the number of global challenges, as well as insufficient socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, necessitate fundamental changes. In this regard, the authors provide justification for the need and explore possible ways to modernize the existing political superstructure in the Russian Federation in order to create conditions that provide a powerful and effective Russia’s response to the global challenges of the nearest future

Information Technology as a Key Mechanism for Sustainable Development of Defense Industrial Enterprises in Modern Conditions

#3. For Nothing, or an Invisible Threat
Information Technology as a Key Mechanism for Sustainable Development of Defense Industrial Enterprises in Modern Conditions

The article deals with the problems of the introduction of the digital economy in the defense industry, ensuring sustainable development and a significant increase in the efficiency of their production. Information technologies are the basis of automation of production processes and together with the formation of a single information space allow you to move to a new higher level of production management.