Specificity of the service market research on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.93-98

The research article studies the specifics of the service market using the example of the Republic of Tatarstan, within the framework of which the structural components of improving the quality of service are identified and the main directions for the development of innovations are determined. The monitoring of the state and development of the service market was carried out, in the process of which the respondents assessed the problem areas on a 5-point scale. When researching the questionnaires of a sociological survey, the main directions of development of the service sector are presented.

Economic assessment of innovative potential by using mesofractal indicators

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.74-81

The scientific article assesses the innovative potential of enterprises in the retail and trade sector of the service sector in order to identify the level of their competitiveness. The modular categories are highlighted, according to which it is possible to identify the degree of readiness of enterprises for innovation. The algorithm for determining the innovative potential has been determined; the systemic components of the mesofractal of innovative potential were identified, and the methodology for assessing the readiness of an enterprise for innovation was improved, on the basis of which empirical indicators were obtained.

The role of the mining industry in the economy of Uzbekistan and improving its taxation (on the example of the Navoi mining and metallurgical combine)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.39-43

A study of the methodological and methodological aspects of managing economic processes allowed the authors to determine the basic conceptual principles for the formation of an energy strategy for the use of natural gas in industrial enterprises and distribute them into groups. This article presents the author’s classification of the system of principles for the formation of an energy-efficient strategy for using natural gas at an industrial enterprise, analyzes the principles considered on this issue, which allowed them to be combined into the following target groups: organizational, economic, financial, environmental, technological, methodological and specific. The authors propose, formulate and justify two new specific principles for the formation of an energy strategy: the risk principle of the energy strategy and the principle of reorganization of energy chains of natural gas consumption by an enterprise. For most of the principles presented, regression models have been developed for their quantitative assessment. Conclusions are made regarding the proposed classification of principles, according to which all principles are of equal importance in the implementation of the energy strategy and should be implemented and investigated simultaneously.

Innovative Road — a High-Risk Area

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.174.2020.136-141

At present the education system in the Russian Federation does not include any program teaching the basics of patent law on inventions, therefore protection of copyright holders in courts is very problematic. The article analyzes foreign experience of patent law on inventions, provides examples of implementing research and development results

Features of the development of a competitive market for the service sector using the example of the Volga Federal District

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.92.2020.99-104

The article presents the structural features of the competitive market for the service sector using the example of the Volga Federal District; the most active market segments were identified; empirically calculated market volume of paid services. On the basis of net profit indicators and the numerical characteristics of economically significant subjects of the service market, the factors hindering business activity of the level are identified.

Innovation in the field of monitoring technical and technical-economic indicators of arms, military and special equipment

The article discusses current issues of developing a unified system for monitoring the technical and technical and economic indicators of weapons, military and special equipment. To address these issues, it is proposed to create an automated integrated system for monitoring the technical and technical and economic indicators of weapons, military and special equipment. The main idea of the system is to create specific strata at each analytical level using a network-centric architecture with access to the appropriate database of both military command and defense enterprises according to the corresponding nomenclature of military and military equipment.

Innovative activity as an important factor of increasing the investment attractiveness of current company

Тhe article attempts to summarize the system knowledge that allows forming a modern understanding of the possibilities of obtaining the desired effect of investment, as well as the investment attractiveness of the enterprise. The financial performance indicators of PJSC NOVATEK are analyzed, the investment attractiveness of the company is assessed, a set of measures that disclose its investment capital is determined, measures to intensify innovation activities are proposed.

Humanitarian and Technological Revolution: Experience and Challenges of Engineering Evolution

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.54-63

Changing the priorities of economic development in transition to post-industrial society inevitably causes reviewing approaches to the role of innovation in modern economy. If in the era of industrial development of society innovations are considered mainly as a factor of technological development, in case of a post-industrial society innovations should be considered in a broader perspective. Innovative technologies in all their diversity are being introduced not only in the technological sphere, but also in education, in the service industry, housing and communal services, life support sphere, etc. The problem of shifting regions and separate territories to innovative development approaches is one of the key issues in forming an economy based on knowledge. “Nuclear” cities, where development of nuclear technologies is implemented both for defense and civilian purposes (nuclear power plants, nuclear fuel production, etc.), can be ideally used as territories of advanced social and economic development (TASED) primarily thanks to human potential of these cities. The article analyzes recent humanitarian and technological changes, called the “humanitarian technological revolution” (HTR), and their impact on the speed and effectiveness of innovative changes in this area

Global Value Chains: Exploitation Strategy

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.166.2019.76-82

Analyzing development of the global industry for servicing agricultural production and formation of international value chains around it, the article substantiates the thesis on formation of exploitation relations within the chains. To this end, the most important innovations in the field of biotechnology, development of their patent-licensed protection system and structural regrouping of the most important companies — players in the global agrochemical market are examined in interrelation with one another over a period of the last forty years. On this basis, formation of oligopolistic structure of international companies, controlling the key links of the chain, which are infrastructural in relation to the others, is shown. Combined with the synergistic effect of the batch sale of technologically heterogeneous goods and services, this creates conditions for monopolistic exploitation of agricultural producers. The latter do not have access to alternative sources of similar goods and services that are competitive in comparison with the “packages” offered by oligopolists. As a result, for each unit of invested capital, the income of the latter is greater than that of agricultural producers, that is, within the chain the income is redistributed in their favour, including funds from end-consumers. The given monopoly is bilateral in nature, as technology companies also transfer part of their income to market leaders, who buy these technologies, for the right of access to their marketing opportunities.

Machining Production of Russia: Structure of Innovations and Export Strategy and Replacement of Import of Machines

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.78-89

The purpose of the study is to assess the dynamics of the manufacturing industries in Russia. According to the “structural formula”, the contribution of innovations in various types of activities to the overall dynamics of innovations in manufacturing industries is assessed, which makes it possible to identify the dominant innovations in economic sectors. This approach is useful in order to differentiate the methods of industrial (sectoral) policy, including national projects as an institutional tool for managing the development of the Russian economy, since it identifies those areas that require special incentives for the innovation process. The structure of innovation is heterogeneous, the contribution by different types of activity varies significantly, which indicates the instability of the process of innovative development. Two strategies are considered for the functioning of processing industries: the export of machinery and the substitution of machinery imports. It is shown that these strategies can not be reduced to one another, except for special cases and suggest different possibilities. The parameter of structural independence for the Russian engineering industry has steadily decreased and its dynamics has been stabilized at low values, as shown by the method of phase portraits of the change in this indicator. This suggests that the domestic economy and engineering remain highly dependent on imports of machinery, equipment and technology, and leads to the conclusion that the import substitution policy is not, firstly, sufficient, and secondly, structural internal changes are required in the economy, so that import substitution and the development of export manufacturing industries give a positive systemic result. On the basis of quantitative assessments, a fundamental conclusion was obtained that the import substitution policy itself will certainly not have a high performance (locally limited effect), which it could potentially have when the internal flow of resources changes towards the processing sectors