The article discusses two approaches to assessing the relationship between Science (grasping principles of nature) →Engineering (application of science) →Technology and Innovation (making engineering useful for public good and/or commercial gain) and their role in formation of economy. It is considered in relation to the Soviet history and economic development as well as in conjunction with planning, social policy and education. The philosophy of the process is at attempt to be analysed the achievement of the status of the superpower.
Today the problems of efficient innovation development are in the spotlight of government bodies. Obviously, only in this way it is possible to succeed in improving the national economy competitiveness in the medium and especially in the long term. This understanding was formed as a result of evaluating the existing resource constraints, consequences and prospects of wide spread of information and computer technologies, biotechnology, alternative energy sources, automation of production processes and so on. It has become even more prominent on the background of the global financial crisis, hardly predictable high volatility in commodity markets and environmental problems aggravation caused by the use of technologies hostile to environment.
What is the meaning of management and is it possible to manage meanings? The scientific community has begun to discuss these issues quite recently, but to business persons they may seem strange and abstract. Meanwhile, if we don’t deal with them, we’ll be hardly able to truly appraise what is happening around and to create a strategy for the society and individual organizations development. The article briefly highlights some of these issues.
The article considers the state of the domestic mechanical engineering and highlights the key problem of its revival and development — restoration of human resources potential. The paper discusses negative features of the current state of human resources and proposes ways out of the existing situation.
The results of opinion poll conducted among participants of the Second closed business dinner for personnel directors of different enterprises and business owners, held in Moscow on October 11, 2013 in the “Davos” hall of “Swissotel Red Hills” Hotel, eloquently demonstrate that personnel problems in enterprises and companies from completely different branches of the Russian economy are very similar and require systematic approach and solution on a national or industry scale, and not within a single enterprise.
Academician Vladimir Skulachev — the leading Russian biologist with the highest citations rating in prestigious scientific journals, director of the Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, the MSU professor. The scientist regards study of aging processes as the main direction of his scientific career. And in the last five years he specified an audacious goal: to cancel the aging process in living cells, programmed by the nature, to win a number of geriatric diseases and to postpone death. The project that became one of the few examples of successful domestic innovation, managed to survive in difficult Russian conditions only thanks to private investments.
Research parks of various types and sizes are more often considered like effective mechanisms of improving returns on investment in research and development. In addition, innovation parks are considered a proven means, promoting formation of new and increasing competitiveness of existing high-tech companies, as well as creation of new jobs and increase of the general welfare and society stability.
The article is dedicated to the reforms of the outstanding Russian statesman Pyotr Stolypin. It reflects realized and missed opportunities to reform the complex socio- economic system of the Russian empire, its economy, social structure , the Army, the Navy, the institutional sphere in general. The article the necessity and the possibility of applying some of the reform approaches and methods of the early 20st century in Russia to the modern practice of reforming and developing the domestic economy.
The author believes that recognition of cognitive functions of social network does not deny the existence of an individual intelligence and does not replace it with a collective one. The article dwells on the definition of intelligence as the ability to be able, which develops throughout the whole life, and it concludes that in the network society development of such capabilities more and more depends on involvement in networking.
Foresight encourages people and organizations to think that they are creating the future today. Herewith it is desirable that the fan of emerging civic initiatives would become the subject of some consent.