The impact of renewable energy on the country’s economic growth

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.113.2023.89-94

Efficient use of energy is a prerequisite for economic development. The article identifies the relationship between economic growth and the use of renewable energy sources. The study shows that renewable energy contributes to economic growth for both developing and developed countries.


1. Armeanu D.S., Joldes C.C., Gherghina S.C., Andrei J.V. (2021). Understanding the Multidimensional Linkages Among Renewable Energy, Pollution, Economic Growth and Urbanization in Contemporary Economies: Quantitative Assessments across Different Income Countries’ Groups. Renew. Sustain. Energ. Rev. 142. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2021.110818

2. Baniya B., Giurco D., Kelly S. (2021). Green Growth in Nepal and Bangladesh: Empirical Analysis and Future Prospects. Energy Policy 149. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2020.112049

3. Come Zebra E. I., van der Windt H. J., Nhumaio G., Faaij A.P. (2021). A Review of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems in Mini-Grids for Off-Grid Electrification in Developing Countries. Renew. Sustain. Energ. Rev. 144. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2021.111036

4. Doytch N., Narayan S. (2021). Does Transitioning towards Renewable Energy Accelerate Economic Growth? an Analysis of Sectoral Growth for a Dynamic Panel of Countries. Energy 235. doi:10.1016/

5. Jenniches S. (2018). Assessing the Regional Economic Impacts of Renewable Energy Sources — A Literature Review. Renew. Sustain. Energ. Rev. 93 (October), pp. 35–51. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.05.008

6. Ogonowski P. (2021). Application of VMCM, to Assess of Renewable Energy Impact in European Union Countries. Proced. Comput. Sci. 192, pp. 4762–4769. doi:10.1016/j.procs.2021.09.254

7. Shrinkhal R. (2019). «Economics, Technology, and Environmental Protection», in Phytomanagement of Polluted Sites (Amsterdam: Elsevier), pp. 569–580. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-813912-7.00022-3

Investments in renewable energy sources during the global energy crisis

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.112.2023.16-22

The article examines the regional structure of investment in the development of renewable sources of electricity and the impact of the global energy crisis on its volume. Forecasts are made for the development of renewable energy based on the current state and the impact of the global energy crisis on the plans drawn up by the world community to achieve sustainable development goals. Structural changes in the global energy transition and, in particular, in the process of developing electricity generation based on renewable energy sources in the period from 2021 to 2022 are analyzed.


1. Energy Institute. Statistical Review of World Energy, 2023. URL:
2. Includes data from Cedigaz. FGE MENAgas service. URL:
3. Novak A. The global energy crisis: who is to blame and what to do? //Energy policy. 2022;2(168):4-11. (In Russ.).
4. IRENA. Renewable energy statistics 2023. URL:
5. Miles S., Collins G., Mikulska A. US Needs LNG to Fight a Two-Front Gas War, 2022. URL:
6. Statistical Review of World Energy 2022. BP, 2022. URL:
7. International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA. Renewable power generation costs in 2020. – eBook Partnership, 2022. URL:
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9. IEA. World Energy Investment 2023. URL:
10. Berezkin M.Yu., Degtyarev K.S., Sinyugin O.A. Structural and dynamic characteristics of the investment process in the global renewable energy in the post-crisis period //Plumbing, heating, air conditioning. 2017;1:82-85.
11. Climate Policy Initiative et al. Global Landscape of Renewable Energy Finance 2023. URL:
12. BloombergNEF. Energy Transition Investment Trends 2023. URL:
13. REN21. Renewables 2022 Global Status Report. URL:

Economic Strategies in the Extractive Sector of the Economy: Approaches, Methods and Results

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.189.2023.16-23

Economic-legal relations in organizing extraction and turnover of minerals was studied, typical economic strategies for organizations of the extractive sector of the economy were identified, effectiveness of implementing the portfolio strategies in the largest coal mining companies of Russia was shown, assessment of investments in the strategic innovation portfolio of an organization of the extractive sector of the Russian economy was proposed.


1. Artov A.M., Laperdina T.G., Strizhova T.A., Khotuleva M.V., Chechetkin V.A., Perfil’eva E.V. Instrumenty strategicheskoi ekologicheskoi otsenki dlya planirovaniya razvitiya gornodobyvayushchei promyshlennosti v Rossii [Strategic Environmental Assessment Tools for Planning the Development of the Mining Industry in Russia]. Metodich. posobie. Moscow, Novokuznetsk, 2020, 132 p.

2. IM-EX.INFO. Informatsionno-analiticheskaya kompaniya [Sait], available at:

3. Petrenko I.E. Itogi raboty ugol’noi promyshlennosti Rossii za 2021 [The Results of the Work of the Coal Industry in Russia for 2021]. Ugol’, 2022, no 3, pp. 9–23.

4. OOO “El’gaugol” [Elgaugol LLC]. Integrum. Proverka kontragenta, available at:

5. Stolbova N.F., Isaeva E.R. Petrologiya uglei [Petrology of Coals]. Ucheb. Posobie. Tomskii politekhnicheskii universitet, Tomsk, Izd-vo Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo un-ta, 2013, 77 p.

6. Kholodov V.N. Tipy katageneticheskikh transformatsii v stratisfere i osadochnye poleznye iskopaemye [Types of Catagenetic Transformations in the Stratisphere and Sedimentary Minerals]. Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo universiteta, vol. 153, book 4. Kazan’, 2011, pp. 16–53.

7. Perechen’ investitsionnykh proektov, napravlennykh na realizatsiyu Programmy razvitiya ugol’noi promyshlennosti Rossii na period do 2035 goda. Prilozhenie 8 [List of Investment Projects Aimed at Implementing the Russian Coal Industry Development Program for the Period up to 2035. Appendix No. 8.]. Normativnye i sudebnye akty RF, available at:


8. Ermakova N.M. Privlechenie inostrannykh investitsii v neftegazodobyvayushchuyu promyshlennost’ Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Attracting Foreign Investment in the Oil and Gas Industry of the Russian Federation]. Problemy rynochnoi ekonomiki, 2019, no 1, pp. 37–43.

9. Sirotkin S.A., Kel’chevskaya N.R. Ekonomicheskaya otsenka investitsionnykh proektov: Ucheb. dlya studentov vuzov, obuchayushchikhsya po spetsial’nosti “Ekonomika i upravlenie na predpriyatiyakh (po otraslyam)” [Economic Evaluation of Investment Projects: a Textbook for University Students Studying in the Specialty “Economics and Management at Enterprises (by industry)”]. 3-e izd., pererab. i dop. Moscow, Yuniti-Dana, 2011, 311 p.

Modern instruments for regulating real estate investments

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.109.2023.57-63

The relevance of the study is determined by the need to find solutions to problematic issues related to the formation of priority instruments for regulating investments in real estate. The experience, facts, and research of scientists and practitioners on the application of investment mechanisms in the real estate market have been studied from theoretical approaches to applied ideas of their modeling. A systematization of modern investment tools in real estate has been proposed, advantages and disadvantages have been revealed, and an assessment of the prospects for their application in the real estate market has been given.


1. Makarov D. A., Yudenko M.N. Economic efficiency and financial risks in housing construction. Microeconomics. 2022;2:23-28. (In Russ.).

2. Abramov A. E., Akshentseva K. S., Chernova M. I., Loginova D. A., Novikov D. V., Radygin A.D., Sivai Yu. V. Economics of investment funds. Moscow: Publishing House «Delo». 2015. 720 p.

3. Sedipkova S. V. Mutual investment funds of real estate as a tool of collective investment in Russia and the USA. The world of economics and management. 2019;19(2):65-75. (In Russ.).

4. Taltavull P., White M.  The sources of house price change: Identifying liquidity shocks to the housing market. European Real Estate Society (ERES). 2013. URL:

5. Agrawal Ajay K., Catalini Christian, Goldfarb Avi. Some Simple Economics of Crowdfunding. Innovation Policy and the Economy. ed. Josh Lerner and Scott Stern, Univeristy of Chicago Press. 2014. pp. 1-47. URL:

6. Veuger J., Nijland M. Influence of Blockchain in the Real Estate    Sector. 2019;2(2). URL:

7. Saull A., Baum A. The Future of Real Estate Transactions. Report//Summary/. University of Oxford. 2019. URL: ReportSummary_0.pdf/

8. Konashevych O. General Concept of Real Estate Tokenization on Blockchain. De Gruyter. 2020. pp. 21-65.  URL: file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/10.1515_eplj-2020-0003%20(1).pdf/

The Public-Private Partnership Market as a Factor of Economic Growth in the Regions


The purpose of this article is to assess the regions of the Russian Federation by the level of PPP development from the perspective

of their infrastructural and socio-economic development and the impact of PPP on accelerating their economic growth. To do this, the following tasks are being implemented: assessment of the general characteristics of the PPP market for the period 2006–2021, in particular, public and private contributions to PPP projects, distribution of investments in the areas under consideration; analysis of accumulated investments in the PPP market for the period 2006–2021, assessment of their impact on investment attractiveness and economic growth of regions based on the distribution by federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation; analysis of the market of large PPP projects for the period 2006–2021 from the position of influence on the strategic development of regions, its distribution by federal districts and regions of the Russian Federation; based on the results of the study, determining the top 10 most developed regions for the use of PPP mechanisms.

The methodology of the study is an analysis of the distribution of the classical PPP market by regions and districts based on the

construction of tables and diagrams. To characterize the overall economic and infrastructural development of the regions, PPP

projects in the housing, social, transport and IT spheres were considered.

The results of the study are that the assessment of the level of economic and infrastructural development of the regions is given; the strategic importance of PPP projects for the regions (especially large ones) is substantiated; it is determined that the successful implementation of PPP projects is a factor in the economic growth of the regions. Based on the analysis, the 10 most developed regions are identified from the point of view of the use of PPP mechanisms. The perspective of the study is to use its results to expand the PPP market, in particular, in territories in need of economic development. At the same time, in order to expand the territorial coverage of the PPP market, it is necessary to create conditions for the implementation of such projects in order to ensure the economic growth of the regions.



1. Chumakov I.I. Gosudarstvenno-chastnoe partnerstvo kak osnovnaya forma partnerstva gosudarstva i biznesa [Public-private Partnership as the Main Form of Partnership Between the State and the Business]. Aktual’nye problemy i perspektivy razvitiya ekonomiki: rossiiskii i zarubezhnyi opyt, 2017, no 11, 29–32.

2. Sukharev O.S. Instituty regional’nogo razvitiya: kontseptual’no-prakticheskii analiz organizatsionnykh izmenenii [Regional Development Institutions: Conceptual and Practical Analysis of Organizational Changes]. Ekonomicheskii analiz: teoriya i praktika, 2012, no 4 (259), pp. 2–12.

3. Sukharev O.S., Voronchikhina E.N. Tipy tekhnologicheskogo razvitiya regionov: struktura tekhnologii i investitsii [Types of Regions’ Technological Development: Structure of Technologies and Investments]. Investitsii v Rossii, 2019, no 7, pp. 24–36.

Investment Attractiveness of the Russian Energy Sector for Foreign Investors: Assessment and Recommendations


The article analyses the investment attractiveness of the Russian energy sector for foreign investors. Analysis is based on such indicators as the volume of energy resources’ production and export as well as their dynamics, foreign direct investment in the country’s energy industry, portfolio investment in the “green” energy industry. The author draws up a conclusion that despite the exports decrease in the main types of energy resources (oil, gas, coal, energy) over the past few years (2020–2021), Russia continues to play a leading role in the global fuel and energy complex, the volume of foreign direct investment in industry is steadily growing, the “green” energy industry is actively developing. The author also dwells on the difficulties that foreign investors have to face when investing in the Russian energy sector. The present study results in identifying the main directions for improving investment attractiveness of the Russian energy sector for potential foreign investors.


1. Lizikova M. Nuclear energy prospects and legal challenges towards achieving sustainable development goals. E3S Web of Conferences, 2020, no 1, p. 02009.

2. Baisaeva M.U. Rol’ i znachenie inostrannykh investitsii v Rossii [Role and Importance of Foreign Investments in Russia]. Ekonomist”, 2020, no 1, pp. 80–82.

3. Vypkhanova G.V., Zhavoronkova N.G. Innovatsii v energetike — organizatsionno-pravovye aspekty [Innovations in the Energy Sector — Organizational and Legal Aspects]. Aktualnye problemy rossiiskogo prava, 2021, vol. 16, no 1 (122), pp. 189–203.

4. Tsentral’nyi bank Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Central Bank of the Russian Federation], available at:

5. Obzor energetiki stran BRIKS [Overview of the BRICS Countries Energy]. Sammit BRICS, 2020, November, 17, available at:

6. Balafas V., Fakiolas E.T. From energy security to energy dominance: US’ blending of politics and economics. Strategic Analysis, 2020, no 44 (2), pp. 91–105.

7. Inevatova O.A., Matushkin E.F. Problemy i perspektivy ispol’zovaniya kapital’nykh vlozhenii v energetike [Problems and Prospects of Using Capital Investments in the Energy Industry]. Tendentsii razvitiya nauki i obrazovaniya, 2021, no 69-2, pp. 21–24.

8. Nagimova A. Arabskie investitsii v rossiiskuyu infrastrukturu [Arab Investments in Russian Infrastructure]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2020, vol. 64, no 3, pp. 80–87.

9. Eksport Rossiiskoi Federatsiei prirodnogo gaza (po dannym FTS i Rosstat) [Export of Natural Gas by the Russian Federation (According to the Federal Customs Service and Rosstat)]. Tsentral’nyi bank RF, available at:

10. Ministerstvo energetiki Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation], available at:

11. Pryamye investitsii po sektoram ekonomiki [Direct Investments by Sectors of the Economy]. Tsentral’nyi bank RF, available at:

On the Projects of the RF Central Bank Dedicated to the Financial Market Development


The Bank of Russia in its systemic documents, published in 2020, presents solution of a wide range of topical issues of the Russian financial system and economy related to providing the real sector with long-term money, the lack of which is one of the key factors restraining the growth of investments and the Russian economy for years. However, implementation of measures proposed in the documents may take more than one year until the economy begins to feel their effect. In this regard, it seems important to consider more systemic mechanisms that will allow to expand the volume of long-term money. In particular, we are talking about approaches based on interaction of the national central bank and the national ministry of finance. Besides, more and more countries in the world are actively applying the indicated mechanisms.


1. Osnovnye napravleniya razvitiya finansovogo rynka Rossiiskoi Federatsii na 2022 god i period 2023 i 2024 godov: Proekt ot 30 sentyabrya 2021 g. [Main Directions of Development of the Financial Market of the Russian Federation for 2022 and the Period of 2023 and 2024: Draft Dated September 30, 2021.]. TsBR, available at:

2. Osnovnye napravleniya edinoi gosudarstvennoi denezhno-kreditnoi politiki na 2022 god i period 2023 i 2024 godov [Guidelines for the Single State Monetary Policy for 2022 and the Period of 2023 and 2024]. TsBR, available at:

3. Aganbegyan A.G., Ershov M.V. Ne stoit melochit’sya. Spasut li Rossiyu dlinnye den’gi? [One Shouldn’t Waste Time on Trifles. Will Long Money Save Russia?]. Argumenty i fakty, 2020, August, 10.

4. Poslanie Prezidenta RF Federal’nomu sobraniyu [Message of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly]. Ofitsial’nyi sait Prezidenta RF, 2021, April, 21, available at:

5. Ershov M.V. Mir v 2020 godu: novye problemy obnazhayut sistemnye izmeneniya v ekonomike [The World in 2020: New Problems Reveal Systemic Changes in the Economy]. Voprosy ekonomiki, 2020, no 12, pp. 5–23.

Digital imperatives of economic management within the cross-border economic spaces of international integration associations (unions) with the participation of Russia

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.96.2021.5-10

The problems of forming a unified digital information environment of a group of industry and cross-industry clusters of large and medium-sized companies within the framework of international integration associations (unions) with the participation of Russia are considered. The possibility and expediency of involving various types of resources distributed over economic spaces into the control loop has been substantiated. It is proposed to form resource- and object- (agent-based) structured matrices of effective demand and cooperative supply of products and services in Russia and abroad.

Prechaos as a Mid-Term State of Global Poliсy and Economics

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.175.2021.22-29

The contemporary world is characterized with slowdown of key processes of global institutional development at the background of instrumental capabilities for geo-economic competition that could now include the methods of political and economic pressure upon competitors. Such a state of affairs could be called «a pre-chaos» that means the backpedaling major developments in the global geoeconomics (including the investment ones) as well as the political one while waiting for the massive turbulence that could include application of force. The USA are interested in maximum prolongation of the pre-chaos state in order to buy time to consolidate the elite and stabilize the society socially. But the prolonged existence of world economy within the frame of pre-chaos model that among other things results in avoiding the longer-term economic decisions including investment-related ones, only increases the destructive potential of future crisis with the destruction of the vital elements of the system of global economic interdependence

Research paradigm of creation industrial association: the theory and practice

In the scientific article the author’s position concerning formation regional industrial association with the base research centre of leading high schools is presented an example of Republic Tatarstan. Classification numbers of sources of design financing with a substantiation of economic feasibility of the project are revealed.