Arctic zone territories development and their environmental safety

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.110.2023.59-71

The article is devoted to creating new and improving existing infrastructure in the territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, ensuring the year-round operation of the Northern Sea Route as a promising international main waterway. The authors analyze the liquefied natural gas production plants, ports, and railways under construction on the coast of the seas of the Arctic Ocean as these objects create opportunities for increasing the volume of maritime transport and icebreakers, as well as the speed of goods delivery to the countries of the Southeast Asia and the Pacific basin. In addition, the facilities optimizing energy supply are studied as key impacts that improve the conditions and quality of life of the population in this area. The authors analyze the fundamental documents for the development of the Arctic zone, approved by the President and the Government of the Russian Federation. The article highlights dynamics of the population, average per capita cash income from 2005 to 2021 as the main factor contributing to the population stability and the main indicators from the annual state statistical reporting, that characterize the changes in the level of atmosphere and surface water pollution and determine the level of environmental safety of the Arctic zone territories of the Russian Federation.


1. On the Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2035: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of March 5, 2020. No. 164. URL:

2. On the strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring national security until 2035: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of October 26, 2020. No. 645. URL:

3. On the land territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 2, 2014. No. 296 Retrieved from:

4. On approval of the plan for the development of the Northern Sea Route for the period up to 2035: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of August 1, 2022. No. 2115-r. URL:

5. On the peculiarities of providing citizens with land plots that are in state or municipal ownership and located in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and in other territories of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation, and on amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation: Federal Law of 05/01/2016. No. 119-FZ. URL:

6. On production and consumption waste: Federal Law No. 89-FZ of June 24, 1998 (as amended on December 19, 2022. URL:

Economic sustainability of processes in the Arctic regions of Russia

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.109.2023.82-92

The article explores different approaches to the term “sustainability” existing in academic literature and used in practice. It describes three methods – two well-known ones and another one developed by the authors – used for quantitative assessment of the degree of economic and financial sustainability in regions. The regions include four Russian federal subjects in the Russian Arctic and three macroregions that include the aforesaid regions. The indicators used for the assessment are grouped by the following aspects: relevance to national projects, type of assessment scale, internal or external economic factors, and income or spending in a consolidated regional budget. The article explores and draws a distinction between the influence of external factors – indicators of the demographic and natural environments – on the economic sustainability of an area.  A comparative analysis is done for three Russian macroregions and four Arctic regions by degree of economic and financial sustainability. The regions and macroregions are ranked based on the results of the comparative analysis using the selected indicators. The ranking helps identify potential strategic vectors and their succession as well as criteria for improvement of economic sustainability in the Russian Arctic.



1. Babkin N., Bespalova S., Senetskaya L., Skotarenko O. Tools for digitalization of economic processes for supporting management decision-making in the Arctic region // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2019. Volume 302 Issue 1. 6 August. No 012147.

2. Bykovskaia E., Maiurova A., Kustikova M., Timofeeva I., Tyurikova E.  Assessment of the environmental risks in the development of fossil fuels deposits in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Volume 723. Issue 5. 12 April 2021.

3. Bulletin of current trends in Russian economy, Retrieved, 2020. URL:

4. Kozin M., Plotnikov V., Skotarenko O. Assessment of challenges, threats, and prospects in development of cities and towns in the Arctic zone // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. Volume 302 Issue 1. 6 August No 012103.

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6. Towards a Global Pact for the Environment of 10 May 2018: Resolution A / 72 / L.51. URL:

7. National Projects: expectations, results, and prospects. 28.07.2020 Ekspert RA Rating Agency. URL:

8. On national development goals in the Russian Federation until 2030:  Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 21 June 2020 No 474. URL:

9. On Land Territories in the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 2 May 2016 No. 296 // Collected Laws of the RF 05.05.2014 No18 Part I Art. 2136.

Prerequisites and goals of the development of the petty-bourgeois sector of the economy in the Russia

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.108.2023.36-45

The article presents the prerequisites for several bourgeois reforms in the 19th century on the territory of the Russian Empire, as well as the division of the bourgeoisie as a class of owners of means of production, that is, capital, into three groups – small, medium and large. Based on the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 204 adopted on May 07, 2018 «On national goals and strategic objectives of the development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024», it is concluded that the national project «Small and medium-sized entrepreneurship and support for individual entrepreneurial initiative», and including the corresponding goals and criteria for their achievement, are focused on the revival of the petty bourgeoisie as owners of capital.

The analysis of the five goals of this national project and the criteria for their achievement showed the expected (planned) annual dynamics of the development of this sector of the economy until 2024. Comparison of the funding volumes of the corresponding five federal projects that are part of the national project under study, from three sources of funding – the state federal budget, the consolidated budgets of the constituent entities (regions) of the Russian Federation, extra-budgetary funds, made it possible to identify the most priority federal projects in terms of funding volumes.

After analyzing the structures of agricultural production by peasant and individual households, the authors revealed a fairly clear division of production sectors between these two categories of farms.



1. On national development goals and strategic tasks of the Russian Federation until 2024: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 7 May 2018 (ver. of 19.07.2018). – Access from the information and legal system «Garant».

2.    Passport of the national project «Small and Medium-sized Entrepreneurship and support for individual entrepreneurial initiative» (approved by the Presidium of the Presidential Council for Strategic Development and National Projects (Protocol No. 16 of December 24, 2018) URL:

3.    Babkina L.N., Skotarenko O.V. Features of the qualimetric approach in regional studies // Scientific and Technical Bulletin of the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University. Economic sciences. 2013;5 (180):161-165. (In Russ.).

4.    Vukovich G.G. Dialectics of the laws of the evolution of the natural system and the economic cyclicity of the development of society. Economics of sustainable development. 2011;3 (7):27-32. (In Russ.).

5.    Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators – 2020. Official website of the Russian Federal State Statistics Service. URL:

The state and possibilities of social development of the regions of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.104.2022.63-74

The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of the positions of the regions of the Arctic Zone according to the state of the social (demographic) environment. Such an analysis is carried out in order to identify the previously achieved quantitative characteristics of social (demographic) processes and ranking the positions of regions in the base year of the start of the implementation of the national project “Demography” and the corresponding five federal projects on the territory of the Russian Federation. The study of the approved criteria for the implementation of the national project “Demography” as a list of indicators of annual state statistical reporting to be monitored revealed the problem, the essence of which is that: the approved list of indicators is insufficient; quantitative results of the implementation of federal projects planned for 2022 and projected for 2024 exist only for some indicators from the approved list; in federal projects, indicators that are not contained in the annual state statistical reports are proposed as criteria, which does not allow an analysis of the state of the social (demographic) environment; the criteria contained in federal projects, which are indicators of annual state statistical reporting, have not been officially approved.


1. Porter M. E., Kramer M.R. Creating Shared Value,Harvard Business Review, January-February 2011.  pp. 62-77.

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3. Pyatanova V.I., Pyatanov I.A. Responsible finance: application and challenges for society, governments and corporations. Upravlenie. 2020;8(1):57-62.

4. Why do Russian companies invest millions in corporate social responsibility. URL:

5. Who became the “greenest” company in Russia – June RAEX rating. URL:

6. International <IR> framework. January 2021. URL:

Digitalization of the process of electricity consumption in residential buildings of the Arctic zone

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.75-84

The article identifies negative factors affecting the economic state and development of electricity industry in Murmansk Oblast cities and towns and provides a rationale for smart systems of energy consumption management based on digitalisation of the metering process. In particular, the high demand for and the scarcity and inefficient use of energy in the Arctic have laid the groundwork for the Smart House Project within the National Projects for Housing and Urban Environment and Digital Economy. Key results of the project include a reduction in consumer debt for energy, reduced costs of reading and processing data from electricity meters, increased efficiency of enforcing energy consumption restrictions, increased economic efficiency of the sector, and safety for people living in residential houses.


1. On functioning of retail electricity markets and full and (or) partial restriction of power consumption. Decree of the RF Government of 4 May 2012 №442 (ver. of 29.12.2020). Collected Laws of the Russian Federation. 07.01.2013 №1. Art. 45.

2.  On amendments in Russian Federation legal acts due to development of electricity (power) metering systems in the Russian Federation. Federal Law 522-FZ of 27 December 2018. Collected Laws of the Russian Federation. 31.12.2018 №53 (Part I). Art. 8448.

3. National Project Data Sheet: Housing and Urban Environment (2018). approved by the Board of the Council for Strategic Development and National Projects attached to the RF President. Protocol of 24.12.2018 №16. Official website for legal information. URL:

4.  National Project Data Sheet: National Programme for a Digital Economy in the Russian Federation.  Аpproved by the Board of the Council for Strategic Development and National Projects attached to the RF President. Protocol of 04.06.2019 №7. Official website for legal information. URL:

5. Bodrunov S., Demidenko D., Plotnikov V. Reindustrialization and the formation of the «Digital economy»: harmonization of trends through the process of innovative development // Managerial consulting. 2018;2 (110):43-54. (In Russ.).

6. Bodrunov S., Plotnikov V., Vertakova, Y. Technological Development as a Factor of Ensuring the National Security // Proceedings of the 30th International Business Information Management Association Conference — Vision 2020: Sustainable Economic development, Innovation Management, and Global Growth. Madrid. 2018. 8-9 November. pp.66-74.

7. Kelchevskaya N., Shirinkina E. Regional determinants of effective use of human capital in the digital economy // Economy of Region.2019;15(2):465-482. (In Russ.).

8.  Skotarenko O., Babkin A., Bespalova S., Senetskaya L. Tools for digitalization of economic processes for supporting management decision-making in the region, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 302 (1). 6 August. kod 012147

9. Frolov D., Lavrentyeva A. Цифровая экономика как объект регулирования: взгляд институциональной теории // Economic analysis: theory and practice. 2019;15(4)33-44. (In Russ.).

Housing and Construction Ecosystem: Technological Breakthrough


Based on methodological analysis and extensive empirical data involved, the article proposes an original approach to developing initial positions for the concept of forming housing and construction ecosystems. The main criteria for evaluating feasibility of using a new organizational form for implementing the plans to achieve strategic socio-economic goals, facing the country, and realizing a long-term development strategy for the construction industry as well as for housing and communal services are considered. It is proposed to choose technological engineering as a core of the construction ecosystem. The article formulates a number of practical recommendations



1. My govorim o programme razvitiya Sibirskogo regiona na desyatiletiya [We are Talking About the Development Program of the Siberian Region for Decades]. RBK, 2021, September, 6, available at:

2. Grishkin I.I. Ponyatie informatsii [The Notion of Information]. Moscow, Nauka, 1973, p. 12.

3. Vanisova E. Transformatsiya nauki v element marketinga ne bezobidna [Transformation of Science into an Element of Marketing is not Harmless]. NG-nauka, 2021, September, 22.

4. Chto takoe ekosistema [What is Ecosystem]. Profil’, 2021, no 48–49, December, 20, p. 48.

5. Tsutsumi S. Puti peremen [Pathways of Change]. Moscow, Progress, 1982, p. 97.

6. Proraby perekroiki [Foremen of Redrawing]. Kommersant”, 2021, December, 16, available at:

7. Mysli-NeMysli [Thoughts-NonThoughts]. Telegram, 2021, December, 9, available at:

8. Esli ty ne umeesh’ byt’ developerom, to stanovis’ podryadchikom [If You Can’t Be a Developer, then Become a Contractor]. Kommersant”, 2022, January, 12, available at:

9. Putin: stroitel’nyi kompleks stanet lokomotivom rosta pri vosstanovlenii ekonomiki [Putin: the Construction Complex will Become a Locomotive of Growth in the Economy Recovery]. TASS, 2020, April, 16, available at:

10. Borisov D. Drugogo kachestva stroika [Construction of a Different Quality]. Vedomosti, 2022, January, 26, available at:

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13. Korolev N. AT Consulting obluchat investitsiyami [AT Consulting will be Irradiated with Investments]. Kommersant”, 2021, December, 20, available at:

Methodological approaches to the assessment of the state and level of pollution of environmental components in the regions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.98.2021.95-103

The article deals with international and Russian documents defining strategic directions, goals and plans of environmental protection activities. It was found out that basically all international agreements regulate measures to protect the air basin and preserve the forests of the planet, reduce emissions of harmful and polluting substances into the atmosphere. In the Russian Federation, these activities are regulated by national projects, for example, the Ecology project. The authors propose methods that allow analyzing the state of environmental components, the level of their pollution and the costs of environmental protection on the basis of available data from the annual statistical reports of the Russian Federation.

Problems of economic policy implementation on the example of the Republic of Dagestan

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.96.2021.81-87

The article examines the approaches to the characteristics of depressed regions and concludes that these criteria should be considered in conjunction with the potential of region to carry out reproduction processes in the main areas of activity and resources for economic growth. The mechanism of implementation of the economic policy of the Republic of Dagestan is evaluated and the main problems that hinder the effectiveness of its implementation are identified. The priorities of economic development of the Republic of Dagestan are evaluated and tasks for their implementation are proposed.

Housing Policy and National Planning: Road Map Draft

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.166.2019.83-93

One of the most pressing social problems in Russia continues to be providing needy Russians with decent housing. The lack of possibilities for the population to satisfy their housing needs impedes the full development of an individual, reduces demographic activity, which ultimately causes a slowdown in economic growth. It is possible and it is necessary to counteract the growing negative trend by improving the housing policy, putting in its the basis joint efforts of the state, science and business by actively introducing modern organizational forms and management tools. National project “Housing and Urban Environment” can become a systemic solution to accumulated problems. Its implementation requires developing a modern concept of housing construction, complemented by advantages, means and professionalism of the state and corporate management systems based on partnership relations, legislated as publicprivate partnerships