The "Economic Strategies" journal

2022 #2. 2022

Conflicts of state interests: from theory to analytical examples of economic practice

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.39-48

The state is a specific economic entity. With all the variety of tasks performed on behalf of the state in the actions performed with state funds and property, the legitimate interest of the state at the general epistemological level is not defined in any way. The article focuses on the need for universal approaches to develop criteria for assessing the violated state interest from the position of an expert economist who evaluates the effectiveness of managerial decisions.


1. Civil Code of the Russian Federation (Part One) dated November 30, 1994 No. 51-FZ. URL:

2. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. URL:

3. On the Government of the Russian Federation: Federal Constitutional Law of December 17, 1997 (as amended on December 3, 2012). URL:

4. On the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of investors in the securities market: Federal Law No. 46-FZ of March 5, 1999. URL:

5. On the protection of consumer rights: Federal Law of February 7, 1992 No. 2300-1. URL:

6. On the contract system in the field of procurement of goods, works, services to meet state and municipal needs: Federal Law No. 44-FZ of April 5, 2013. URL:

7. On the privatization of state and municipal property: Federal Law No. 178-FZ of December 21, 2001 (as amended on April 1, 2019). URL:

8. On Joint Stock Companies: Federal Law No. 208-FZ of December 26, 1995 (as amended on April 15, 2019). URL:

9. National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation until 2020 (approved by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 12, 2009 No. 537). URL:

10. Economic security strategy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030 (approved by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 13, 2017 No. 208. URL:

11. Vitruk N.V. System of personal rights. The rights of the individual in a socialist society. M.: Science, 1981. 272 p. (In Russ.).

12. Gambarov Y.S. the Course of civil law. Vol. 1: the General Part. SPb., 1911. 793 p. (In Russ.).

13. Gribanov V.P. Interest in civil law. Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo = Soviet state and law. 1967;(1):49-56.

14. Ioffe O.S. the Relationship on Soviet civil law. L.: Leningrad University Press, 1949. 144 p. (In Russ.).

15. Kovyazina N.M. Interest and subjective right: the ratio of legal categories. Zakon i pravo = Law and right. 2018;(09):60-66. (In Russ.). doi: 10.24411/2073–3313–2018–10141

Conceptual approach to mathematical modeling of the results of production diversification as a direction of long-term strategic development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.49-57

The article considers the diversification of production as a direction for the long-term strategic development of an enterprise/holding. It is proposed to model and evaluate the results of production diversification using dynamic programming methods and graph theory. The problem is to find the optimal control and optimal state for each stage, which are optimal for the whole process.


1. Agalarov Z.S. Analysis of production diversification theories and conceptual approaches to its research // Controlling. 2021;1 (79):8-17. (In Russ.).

2. Agalarov Z.S. Management mechanism of a diversified industrial enterprise // Innovations in management. 2021;2 (28):4-11. (In Russ.).

3. Ansoff I. New Corporate Strategy. St. Petersburg: Pitercom, 1996. 416 p. (In Russ.).

4. Bellman R. Dynamic programming. M.: ILL., 1960. 400 p. (In Russ.).

5. Bellman R. Dreyfus S. Applied problems of dynamic programming. M.: Nauka, 1965. 460 p. (In Russ.).

6. Gabasov R.F., Kirillova F.M. Fundamentals of dynamic programming. 2nd еd. Moscow: URSS, 2021. 261 p. (In Russ.).

7. Kristofides N. Graph theory. Algorithmic approach. Moscow: Mir, 1978. 432 p. (In Russ.).

8. Kuznetsov Yu.N., Kuzubov V.I., Voloshchenko A.B. Mathematical programming. – 2nd ed., reprint. and add. Moscow: Higher School, 1980. 302 p. (In Russ.).

9. Lamben J. J. Strategic marketing. The European perspective. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 1996, 589 p. (In Russ.).

10. Lezhnev A.V. Dynamic programming in economic problems: textbook. M.: Laboratory of Knowledge, 2020. 179 p. (In Russ.).

11. Orlov A.I. On the development of the theory of decision-making and expert assessments. //Polythematic online electronic scientific journal of the Kuban State Agrarian University. 2021;167:177-198. (In Russ.).

12. Orlov A.I. Organizational and economic modeling: textbook: at 3 h. H. 2: Expert assessments. M.: Publishing House of Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 2009. 486 p. (In Russ.).

13. Strategic Management / Ed. Petrova A. N. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg, 2005. 496 p. (In Russ.).

14. Falko S.G., Agalarov Z.S., Ryzhikova T.N. Diversification of machine-building enterprises: features and problems of implementation // Problems of mechanical engineering and automation. 2019;2:33-39. (In Russ.).

15. Falko S.G., Ryzhikova T.N., Agalarov Z.S. Problems of assessing the readiness of the defense industry enterprise to diversify // Problems of mechanical engineering and automation. 2019;3:60-65. (In Russ.).

Formation of an optimal asset structure of production enterprises according to the goals of their owners

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.58-64

The article considers the issue of forming the optimal structure of assets of manufacturing enterprises according to the goals of their owners. An original approach is proposed to optimize the structure of the company’s assets according to the criterion of maximizing their effectiveness for owners through the enterprise capitalization indicator.

To link the indicators of capitalization and profit from the existing assets of manufacturing enterprises of the manufacturing industry, the authors propose to create a multiple regression model, where the independent variable is capitalization (profit), the dependent ones are indicators of specific assets.

After finding the contributions (regression coefficients) of each asset, we propose to form their structure according to the principle of a portfolio approach, in which the efficiency indicator of all assets will strive to the maximum and at the same time the specific features of the enterprise in each case will be taken into account [10].


1. Azrilinyan A.N. Big Economic Dictionary. M.: Institute of New Economics, 1997. (In Russ.).

2. Bezpalov V.V., Dorofeev A.Yu., Gorin D.S., Marien L.S. Designing stages of anti-crisis organizational engineering of agricultural enterprises within the universal management cycle. Journal of Applied Research. 2021;1(4):22-35. (In Russ.).

3. Blazhevich O.G. Turnover indicators and their significance for assessing the efficiency of asset use // Scientific Bulletin: Finance, Banks, Investments. 2018;4 (45):31-38. (In Russ.).

4. Brigham Yu., Erhardt M. Financial management: St. Petersburg: Peter, 2009. (In Russ.).

5. Voloshchuk L.A., Tkachev S.I., Monina O.Yu. Statistics. Educational and practical manual: Saratov, 2016. (In Russ.).

6. Van Horn D., Vakhovich D. Fundamentals of Financial Management: M.: Dialectics, 2020. (In Russ.).

7. Dorofeev A.Yu., Filatov V.V., Medvedev V.M., Shestov A.V., Fadeev A.S. Methodology for calculating the discount rate using the capital asset valuation model. Online journal of Science Studies. 2015;7(2 (27)):18. (In Russ.).

8. Mukhidov R.H., Simonova V.A., Filatov V.V. Initial public offering of securities as a financial instrument of Russian corporations for attracting investments // Collection of scientific papers Actual issues of economics, commerce and service, Kosygin Russian State University, 2021. pp. 124-128. (In Russ.).

9. Samuelson P., Nordhaus U. Economics: M: Williams, 2018. (In Russ.).

10. Simonova V.A. Methods of optimization of technological assets of business processes of industrial enterprises // Transport business of Russia. 2010;5:68-71. (In Russ.).

11. Simonova V.A. Efficiency assessment and optimization of business processes of food industry enterprises // Economics, statistics and computer science. Bulletin of UMO. 2012;2:177-183. (In Russ.).

12. Simonova V.A., Tomm V.A. Normative values of financial coefficients as a basis for the formation of the balance sheet structure of industrial enterprises // Modern humanitarian studies. 2013;4 (53):29-34. (In Russ.).

Digital transformation in the context of socio-economic development of regions: problems and prospects

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.65-74

The article defines the purpose of the study, which is to identify the most pressing problems of digital transformation at the regional level. A brief description of the digital transformation strategies of several subjects of the Russian Federation, differing in the level of socio-economic development, is presented. The authors also present a comparative analysis of the regions in six mandatory areas of digitalization. It is concluded that it is necessary to create an appropriate infrastructure, including new models of interaction between business, scientific organizations, authorities and, as a result, the formation of a high level of public confidence in the reliability and security of digital infrastructure.


1. Voronina E.V., Ushakova E.V., Fugalevich E.V. Digital transformation of the activities of regional authorities as a form of crisis mitigation // Creative Economy. 2022;16(1):37. (In Russ.). doi: 10.18334/ce.16.1.114146

2. Dobrolyubova E.I., Yuzhakov V.N., Efremov A.A., Klochkova E.N., Talapina E.V., Startsev Ya.Yu. Digital future of public administration based on results.  M.: Publishing house «Delo» RANEPA, 2019.  pp. 37-38. (In Russ.).

3.  Pechatkin V.V., Vildanova L.M. The level of digitalization of types of economic activity as a factor of their competitiveness in a pandemic // Issues of innovative economics.  2021;11(1):48. (In Russ.).

4.  On the Strategy for the Development of the Information Society in the Russian Federation for 2017-2030: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation. URL:

5.  Strategy in the field of digital transformation of the sectors of the economy, social sphere and public administration of St. Petersburg: approved at an expanded meeting of the Presidium of the Council for Strategic Development and Project Activities in St. Petersburg, protocol No. 6 of 25.08.2021. URL:

6. Strategy in the field of digital transformation of the sectors of the economy, social sphere and public administration of the Republic of Tatarstan: approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tatarstan dated August 18, 2021, No. 748. URL:

7. Strategy in the field of digital transformation of the sectors of the economy, social sphere and public administration of the Kurgan region: approved by the Order of the Government of the Kurgan region of August 19, 2021, No. 161-r. URL: //

8. Strategy in the field of digital transformation of the sectors of the economy, social sphere and public administration of the Oryol region: approved by the Order of the Governor of the Oryol region dated August 20, 2021, No. 54-r. URL:;base=RLAW127;n=77576#uaYyXwSTwaUqy3rJ

9. Strategy in the field of digital transformation of sectors of the economy, social sphere and public administration of the Republic of Kalmykia for the period 2022-2024: approved by the Decree of the Republic of Kalmykia dated August 16, 2021, No. 36. URL:

Digitalization of the process of electricity consumption in residential buildings of the Arctic zone

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.75-84

The article identifies negative factors affecting the economic state and development of electricity industry in Murmansk Oblast cities and towns and provides a rationale for smart systems of energy consumption management based on digitalisation of the metering process. In particular, the high demand for and the scarcity and inefficient use of energy in the Arctic have laid the groundwork for the Smart House Project within the National Projects for Housing and Urban Environment and Digital Economy. Key results of the project include a reduction in consumer debt for energy, reduced costs of reading and processing data from electricity meters, increased efficiency of enforcing energy consumption restrictions, increased economic efficiency of the sector, and safety for people living in residential houses.


1. On functioning of retail electricity markets and full and (or) partial restriction of power consumption. Decree of the RF Government of 4 May 2012 №442 (ver. of 29.12.2020). Collected Laws of the Russian Federation. 07.01.2013 №1. Art. 45.

2.  On amendments in Russian Federation legal acts due to development of electricity (power) metering systems in the Russian Federation. Federal Law 522-FZ of 27 December 2018. Collected Laws of the Russian Federation. 31.12.2018 №53 (Part I). Art. 8448.

3. National Project Data Sheet: Housing and Urban Environment (2018). approved by the Board of the Council for Strategic Development and National Projects attached to the RF President. Protocol of 24.12.2018 №16. Official website for legal information. URL:

4.  National Project Data Sheet: National Programme for a Digital Economy in the Russian Federation.  Аpproved by the Board of the Council for Strategic Development and National Projects attached to the RF President. Protocol of 04.06.2019 №7. Official website for legal information. URL:

5. Bodrunov S., Demidenko D., Plotnikov V. Reindustrialization and the formation of the «Digital economy»: harmonization of trends through the process of innovative development // Managerial consulting. 2018;2 (110):43-54. (In Russ.).

6. Bodrunov S., Plotnikov V., Vertakova, Y. Technological Development as a Factor of Ensuring the National Security // Proceedings of the 30th International Business Information Management Association Conference — Vision 2020: Sustainable Economic development, Innovation Management, and Global Growth. Madrid. 2018. 8-9 November. pp.66-74.

7. Kelchevskaya N., Shirinkina E. Regional determinants of effective use of human capital in the digital economy // Economy of Region.2019;15(2):465-482. (In Russ.).

8.  Skotarenko O., Babkin A., Bespalova S., Senetskaya L. Tools for digitalization of economic processes for supporting management decision-making in the region, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 302 (1). 6 August. kod 012147

9. Frolov D., Lavrentyeva A. Цифровая экономика как объект регулирования: взгляд институциональной теории // Economic analysis: theory and practice. 2019;15(4)33-44. (In Russ.).

Theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of a tourist destination on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.85-90

The scientific article summarizes the types, stages of the life cycle and the constituent elements of a tourist destination according to the R. Prossera method; the author’s definition of a tourist destination is given. A rating assessment of the indicator of the tourist destination of the Republic of Tatarstan was made on the basis of the points of dislocation of the centers of the tourist destination.


1. Zhukovskaya I.V. Specifics of service market research on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan // Microeconomics. 2020;5:93-98.  (In Russ.).

2. Vdovkina V.N., Kholodilina Yu.E. Foreign experience of formation and development of tourist and recreational systems //Electronic collection of articles based on the materials of the XLIII student International Scientific and Practical conference. Novosibirsk: Publishing house of ANS «SibAK». 2018;8 (43):25-31. URL:// (In Russ.).

3. Khusaenov R.R. The methodology of rank correlation as a way of assessing small and medium-sized businesses in the service sector: from theory to practice //Microeconomics. 2019;2:50-56. (In Russ.).

4. Maksakovsky N.V. Preliminary list of the World Heritage of Russia: history of development, modern composition, ways of optimization //Heritage and modernity. 2018;1(2):39-71. (In Russ.).

5. Official information of the Federal Agency for Tourism. URL: https:

Use of economic security tools in public institutions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.91-97

Economic security is a complex system, since it includes all aspects of management aimed at preventing crises and bankruptcies, as well as other negative phenomena that affect the stability of the state of any economic entity. At the same time, a significant role of economic security belongs to state institutions, which, like commercial ones, conduct their activities in the conditions of instability of the external environment. The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the features of economic security in state institutions, examines the tools that ensure it, identifies the areas of security and their impact on the functioning of modern state institutions. It is concluded that public institutions need to effectively build the system under consideration, which includes personnel, financial, resource and information components.


1. Federal Law «On Security» dated December 28, 2010 N 390-FZ (last edition). URL:

2. Kuznetsova E.I. Economic security: textbook and workshop for universities / M.: Yurayt Publishing House, 2018. 294 p. (In Russ.).

3. Sergeev A.A. Economic security of the enterprise. Moscow: Yurait Publishing House, 2019. 273 p. (In Russ.).

4. Bezverkhova E.N. Economic security of the enterprise: essence and factors [Electronic resource] / E.N. Bezverkhova, I.N. Guba, A.K. Kovaleva // Scientific journal of KubSAU. 2018;104(08). URL:

5. Bogomolov V.A. Economic security / V.A. Bogomolov. – 2nd ed., revised. and additional M.: UNITI-DANA, 2018. 188 p. (In Russ.).

6. Goncharenko L.P. Economic security: textbook. allowance / L.V. Goncharenko, F.V. Akulina. – 2nd ed., revised. and additional M.: Yurait Publishing House, 2018. 340 p. (In Russ.).

7. Zhilov A.P. Features of the formation of a system for ensuring economic security in commercial enterprises // Scientific journal «Socio-economic phenomena and processes». 2018;4(060):63-68. (In Russ.).

8. Mantusov V.B. Economic security: textbook / V.B. Mantusov N.D. Eriashvili. 4th ed., revised. and additional M.: Yurait Publishing House, 2017. 567 p. (In Russ.).

9. Stepichnaya O.A. The main function and threats to the economic security of the enterprise / O.A. Stepichnaya, V.V. Chernova, M.A. Kolesnikova // Scientific journal «Socio-economic phenomena and processes». 2017;9(011):113-125. (In Russ.).

Modern features and contradictions of economic security development in Russia

DOI: 110.33917/mic-2.103.2022.98-103

The article deals with the conceptual provisions of Russia’s economic security. The authors analyzed the existing approaches to the definition of the concept of «economic security». It is concluded that social, technogenic, informational and other processes directly affect the provision of economic security of the state. On the example of the situation in Russia, the main areas are identified, the impact on which with the help of economic instruments can cause significant damage to security in the context of the problems of «economic stability» at the national and regional levels. An assessment of the key threats to the economic security of the Russian Federation is given.


1. On the Strategy for the Economic Security of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 13, 2017 No. 208 // Collection of Legislation of the Russian Federation. 2017. No. 20, art. 2902.

2. Afontsev S.A. National economic security: on the way to a theoretical consensus //World Economy and International Relations. 2002;10:30-39. (In Russ.).

3. Kuznetsov D.A., Rudenko D.A. System of indicators for evaluating economic security // National interests: priorities and security. 2015;23:59-68. (In Russ.).

4. Neu C.R. and Wolf Ch. The Economic Dimensions of National Security. Santa Monica: RAND, 2014. 269 p.

Monetary policy in Russia: negative cumulative effect in the framework of the neoclassical model and its overcoming

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.5-38

Monetary policy is the most important instrument of economic growth policy, but the influence of any instrument may weaken or strengthen over time. We will designate this state as the cumulative effect of monetary policy. The purpose of the study is to determine the cumulative effect of monetary policy, with the identification of the effectiveness of its measures in ensuring the growth of the Russian economy. The methodology of the study consists of monetary theory, structural analysis of the money supply, the principle of «goals-tools» of economic policy and correlation and regression analysis, which allow to identify the presence of the cumulative effect of monetary policy, to determine its impact on relevant macroeconomic goals: GDP growth and inflation.

The result of the study is the application of the introduced indicators of the sensitivity of macro-policy goals to monetary policy instruments, representing a picture of the weakening of the influence of monetary policy on the growth of the Russian economy. The increasing monetization was accompanied, in particular, by a decrease in the growth rate of the Russian economy, the unfolding of a recession, the consequences of which affect the dynamics of economic development, while maintaining a tight monetary policy option – with an increase in the key interest rate. The structural analysis of the money supply for the M2 aggregate made it possible to identify those components that, with an increase, slow down growth and reduce inflation, as well as to determine the closeness of the relationship of the interest rate with the changing components of the money supply. The assessment of the cumulative effect of monetary policy on two goals of macroeconomic development – growth and inflation, and two monetary policy instruments – the M2 money supply and the key interest rate, confirmed the existence of a negative cumulative effect of the policy for the growth goal and a positive cumulative effect on the inflation rate. For two purposes at once, the positive cumulative effect of monetary policy is confirmed only for the period 2016-2018 in the interval 2001-2020. Thus, monetary policy, firstly, ensured the containment of inflation out of connection with growth, and secondly, provided different cumulative effects for different purposes – due to the different sensitivity of the target to the instruments.

The prospect of the study is seen in the creation of some kind of aggregated indicator that would allow taking into account the overall impact on the dynamics of the entire set of monetary policy measures, and not separately by goals and instruments, as presented in this study.



1.       Glazyev S.Yu. A leap into the future. Russia in new technological and world economic structures. Moscow: Knizhny Mir, 2018. 768 p. (In Russ.).

2.      Glazyev S.Yu. Lessons of the next Russian revolution: the collapse of a liberal utopia and a chance for an «economic miracle». Moscow: Publishing House «Ekonomicheskaya Gazeta», 2011. 576 p. (In Russ.).