The "Economic Strategies" journal

2020




Corporate Transparency Rating of the Largest Companies in the Russian Federation for 2019

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.89-95

As a part of the corporate transparency study, public annual non-financial reports of companies for 2018 (integrated reports, traditional annual reports, environmental reports, social reports, sustainable development reports, corporate social responsibility reports, etc.) are examined. The sample includes companies from the Expert-600 rating, as well as companies listed on the Moscow and foreign exchanges (LSE, NYSE, NASDAQ HKEX, Euronext NV, DeutscheBörseGroup); backbone companies of the Russian Federation; state corporations and the companies they control with revenues of at least 3 billion rubles. 1,192 companies were inspected in 2019. Every year professional audit on conformity of the study with the stated methodology is conducted. The permanent auditor of the study is Nexia Pacioli audit company

Management of oil field development at a late stage in the context of liquidation tasks and abandonment of deposits

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.65-73

The scientific article offers some solutions for the management of oil and gas fields at a late stage of development and possible extension of the field operation period. The analysis of the practices of elimination of production facilities in the Asia-Pacific region, assessed the possibility of using these practices in Russian companies. We propose a set of measures to extend the period of operation of fields, which can be used if their profitability and safety of operation are maintained, including: cost management; additional drilling or changes in the production profile; improvement of operational indicators; improvement of tax or commercial conditions.

Economic prerequisites for assessing the level of social tension in rural areas

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.75-87

The study is aimed at studying the factors of influence of economic preconditions on the level of social tension in rural areas. Methods. The study analyzes various factors that affect the development of rural areas, with an emphasis on economic impact, and determines the criteria necessary for assessing the level of social tension. The study is based on an analysis of the state of rural areas of the Perm region and the population living in them, based on statistical indicators that characterize them. Data on the level and quality of life of the population, demographic situation, unemployment, crime and migration are analyzed. Scientific novelty. Taking into account the relevance of the research topic, the authors come to a reasonable conclusion about the need to analyze and assess the level of social tension in rural areas. Results and practical significance.

On the basis of the conducted analysis, the characteristic features of the current state of the rural population of the Perm territory are highlighted and described. Factors that influence social tension in these territories are identified, and problems that need to be addressed in order to avoid negative consequences of social tension are identified. Taking into account the relevance of the considered issues for any agricultural territory of our country, the approach proposed by the authors will be interesting and universal in practical application by specialists in the field of state and municipal management, agriculture, and economy of both Federal and state authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation and local self-government bodies.

To Set Ambitious Goals and Achieve Them!

In an interview with Irina Alekseevna Komar, Managing Partner of Professional Group of Appraisal LLC, Vice President of the “Union “Federation of Appraisers Specialists” SRO, Member of the Council for Evaluation Activities under the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, Candidate of Economic Sciences, MRICS, given deliberately to the ES magazine, we discussed the measures proposed by the Ministry of Economic Development to regulate valuation activities and to establish new regulations in the industry. And of course, the changes in the industry as a whole and in the “Professional Assessment Group” company, in particular, related to decrease in business activity during the COVID-19 pandemic, were not ignored.

Features of the development of a competitive market for the service sector using the example of the Volga Federal District

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.92.2020.99-104

The article presents the structural features of the competitive market for the service sector using the example of the Volga Federal District; the most active market segments were identified; empirically calculated market volume of paid services. On the basis of net profit indicators and the numerical characteristics of economically significant subjects of the service market, the factors hindering business activity of the level are identified.

Information Model for Strategic Management of Navigation Services

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.82-88

Development of information technologies allows us to address challenges of different class, ranging from optimizing the execution of individual transactions to building systems for implementing the strategy at the enterprise level or a set of organizations. With an increase in the task scale, proportion of factors that do not fall into the control zone increases, however, with the growing information maturity of the economy, there are less and less zones of inaccessibility. The article dwells on the management model of engineering services on the example of navigation services provided by satellite systems. In order to build economic models the author considers possibilities of applying the life cycle model to implement a customer-oriented approach, as well as opportunities models for optimizing internal processes and interacting with suppliers. As a result of transition from a planned system of economic activity to market mechanisms in the Russian economy, production food chains that unite a large number of different enterprises were disrupted. The article shows how the use of information models can contribute to solving accumulated problems

Functional product model constructed by using functional-cost analysis

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.57-64

The article discusses certain aspects of the application of the functional model of the product (hydraulic cylinder), built using the functional-cost analysis in the activities of a large machine-building enterprise. The authors of the scientific article calculated the need for materials / components, and also identified the material carrier of functions. The material consumption rate for one hydraulic cylinder is presented, the cost of the product and the feasibility of production are calculated. The authors compared the prices of competitors and found that a machine-building enterprise should produce hydraulic cylinders for both resale and production purposes for military and civilian vehicles. The results of the study can be used in the production activities of industrial enterprises.

On the essence of market manipulation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.88-97

Since the strengthening of fluctuations in the world commodity and financial markets and the exposure of the financial system of the Russian Federation to global risks has identified a place among the main challenges and threats to the security of the domestic economic system, the article provides an overview of various scientific points of view regarding such a speculative phenomenon as market manipulation. Clarification of the nature of manipulation as a complex process that requires a systematic approach to elucidating the essence of the phenomenon should contribute to the administrative and criminal prosecution of manipulators.