The "Economic Strategies" journal

2020 #1. 2020

Modern approaches to staff material motivation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.50-56

This article discusses modern approaches to staff motivation, taking into account current market trends. In the context of digitalization and entry of the «millennials» into the labor market, historically established policies and practices become less effective and require their revision. The role of short-term remuneration become more important, including bonuses based on key performance indicators (KPI), one-time bonuses for special achievements and project bonuses. The remote labor market is growing, and the role of base salary for presence in the workplace is decreasing. Most employers focus on «millennials» who are accustomed to living «here and now», so the role of long-term remuneration programs become less important and the approaches to setting and revision of salary are changing. The widespread integration of information technologies and production robotics have direct impact on the requirements for personnel and their competencies. Professional knowledge and skills fade into the background, personal qualities and social skills become priority. Employers are required to be flexible and systematic in matters of personnel management to make the company efficient and ensure its competitiveness.

Analysis approaches to assessing digital inequality of education systems

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.32-49.

In the new economic conditions such as globalization, the information revolution, and the growing need for a highly skilled workforce, countries are increasingly shifting priority to education. Digitalization, as a modern trend in the development of the world economy and society, also has an influence on the education system. However, it is difficult to make cross-country comparisons in the area of digital competitiveness because there are no common approaches to assessing the digital divide, which is shifting from the gap in access and connectivity to ICT to the knowledge gap. To consider various aspects of digitalization of education systems, it is important to identify the countries that are most advanced in this issue. With this in mind, to determine global trends of digital education it is advisable to carry out their classification by characteristics reflecting the differences between these digital systems. However, the absence of such system-forming features makes classification difficult. Therefore, it is important to identify factors that can serve as a basis for classifying the world’s education systems by their level of digitalization. There are no methodological approaches to measuring digital inequality in education systems in international practice. This work is an attempt to identify indicators that would allow us to compare global educational models in terms of creating conditions for learning using ICT. As a result, the relationship between the digital gap in access and connection to ICT and the digital inequality of national education systems is determined, and the comparison of national education systems using digital gap indicators is carried out.

Economic and mathematical aspects of strategic management in transport

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.21-31

The scientific article highlights current problems and key areas of modernization of methodological support for strategic management of the country’s transport system development. A methodological approach to assessing the synergistic effect based on the criterion of maximizing added value is proposed and justified. The expediency of using the methods of assessing the strategic state of economic entities when making important decisions in transport is justified: «growth/share» (BCG matrix), «industry attractiveness /competition position» (GE) and the «life cycle» matrix, etc.

Research and modeling of the influence of new technologies and building materials on the economic results of construction organizations

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.13-20

Methods for identifying the degree of influence of the applied new technologies, building machines, mechanisms, equipment and building materials on the effectiveness of the main activities of construction organizations are proposed. Methodological principles of managing innovative processes in the activities of construction organizations are formulated from the perspective of research, analysis, and assessment of the influence of new technologies and building materials on the economic results of organizations. Approach to practical application of a complex of multiplicative factor models to assess the influence of the analyzed factors on the change in profits from the sale of innovative construction products is proposed.

Neurooperating the behavior of cognitive agents based on electronic semantic interpretation of states of consciousness and psyche with the effects of immersion, presence and unity with virtual reality

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.5-12

The article is devoted to the possibility of neurooperating behavior of heterogeneous groups of cognitive agents, which in the conditions of immersion of consciousness in virtual reality is based on the formation of a complex image of quasi-reality in the human mind using the information technology platform of non-invasive neurointerfaces. The necessity of using neural networks and fuzzy logic for identification and analysis of nonlinear neuro-fuzzy approximations of the psychosemantic state of the control object’s personality on the basis of electronic semantization (semantic interpretation) of the States of its consciousness and psyche is justified. It is proposed to develop software tools for quenching or activating, depending on the need, neurophysiological or psychoemotional stress as a source of aggressive behavior in real life, through neuro-linguistic elements and neuro-marketing mechanics with the effects of immersion, presence and unity of the individual with the digital virtual environment.

Big data analytics in law enforcement activities

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.107-114

The article suggests possible approaches to creating new methods, algorithms, and software tools for analyzing structured and unstructured data, as well as a methodology for using the created tools in solving applied problems, taking into account foreign experience in developing and implementing applied intelligent information systems in special services and law enforcement agencies.

Strategic analysis of the use land and property resources of the city of Moscow

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.94-106

The scientific article is devoted to the strategic analysis of the features of the use of land and property resources of the city of Moscow. The focus is on the strategic planning documents currently in force and being developed today in the capital of Russia. Taking into account the analysis of strategic goals and priorities of the land and property policy of the city of Moscow, the medium-term dynamics of the indicators of the efficiency of land use and non-residential premises is revealed. On this basis, conclusions are drawn about the need for a systematic approach to improving the socio-economic efficiency of the use of land and property resources of the city of Moscow.

Strategic audit matrices for socio-economic improvement of the territory

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.80-93

This article is devoted to the analysis of strategic audit matrices of socio-economic improvement of the territory. The concept and essence of strategic audit in the field of commercial and public relations are defined, risks and interests of components of regional system as object of strategic audit are considered, types and structure of matrixes of strategic audit are revealed.

Methodological approach to assessing lost profits and damage caused by subsoil as a result of their irrational using

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.74-79

The scientific article considers a methodological approach to assessing lost profits and damage that is caused by subsoil as a result of their irrational use, based on normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, including a list of rights and obligations of subsoil users, requirements for rational use and protection of subsoil, the procedure for establishing the fact of an offense in areas of subsoil use, liability for violation of the law and damages, as well as the procedure for compensation for damage caused by irrational subsoil use. Using the approach will significantly increase the environmental and economic efficiency of subsoil use.

Management of oil field development at a late stage in the context of liquidation tasks and abandonment of deposits

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.90.2020.65-73

The scientific article offers some solutions for the management of oil and gas fields at a late stage of development and possible extension of the field operation period. The analysis of the practices of elimination of production facilities in the Asia-Pacific region, assessed the possibility of using these practices in Russian companies. We propose a set of measures to extend the period of operation of fields, which can be used if their profitability and safety of operation are maintained, including: cost management; additional drilling or changes in the production profile; improvement of operational indicators; improvement of tax or commercial conditions.