Author page: Opalskiy Alexander P.

Countering market manipulation in the system of ensuring the economic security of the stock market

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.99.2021.94-103

Representatives of various objects of the country’s economy participate in the system of ensuring the economic security of the stock market. First of all, these are the control bodies of the exchanges – the organizers of trades, where dubious transactions are revealed. Specialists of the Department of Counteraction to Unfair Practices of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation carry out checks on the revealed violations and make a decision on bringing the culprit to administrative responsibility or transferring the materials of the check to law enforcement agencies according to their jurisdiction. Among unfair practices, the most common speculative phenomenon is market manipulation, the public danger of which is to cause significant harm to the interests of citizens and legal entities, society and the economy as a whole, undermining the confidence of investors and trading participants in organized financial and commodity markets, worsening conditions for investment and trade in them, hindering their effective development and strengthening international competitiveness.

Use of insider information in the exchange game

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.90-95

Information costs money, especially if its disclosure can greatly affect the financial condition of an economic entity. Possession of this information makes some people think about its protection and temporary preservation, while others – about how to get it. The carriers of this information, referred to as insiders, may themselves use the knowledge in their own favor, or in favor of third parties. Involvement of unskilled investors in trading often serves as a veil of mercenary intentions.

This article gives general approaches to understanding the significance of insider information during stock market games. Clarification of the nature and mechanisms of the misuse of insider information should help to penalize this phenomenon.

On the essence of market manipulation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.88-97

Since the strengthening of fluctuations in the world commodity and financial markets and the exposure of the financial system of the Russian Federation to global risks has identified a place among the main challenges and threats to the security of the domestic economic system, the article provides an overview of various scientific points of view regarding such a speculative phenomenon as market manipulation. Clarification of the nature of manipulation as a complex process that requires a systematic approach to elucidating the essence of the phenomenon should contribute to the administrative and criminal prosecution of manipulators.

To the question of a new economic security paradigm in the conditions of globalization

This article shows the main aspects that characterize global tendencies in economic security. The relationship of national economic security and international trade is shown. The issue of applying trade protection measures in order to ensure national economic security is touched. The influence of global and regional integration processes, as well as scientific and technological progress on ensuring national security is presented. The role of the trade status of each state didn’t go unnoticed. The new paradigm must take into account such a factor as the development of the global computer network “Internet”. An important element of a systemic nature in the new paradigm of economic security is the problem of limited resources and environmental pollution. An essential scientific result of the article is the identification and analysis of the impact of globalization processes on economic security.