Formation of an optimal asset structure of production enterprises according to the goals of their owners

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.58-64

The article considers the issue of forming the optimal structure of assets of manufacturing enterprises according to the goals of their owners. An original approach is proposed to optimize the structure of the company’s assets according to the criterion of maximizing their effectiveness for owners through the enterprise capitalization indicator.

To link the indicators of capitalization and profit from the existing assets of manufacturing enterprises of the manufacturing industry, the authors propose to create a multiple regression model, where the independent variable is capitalization (profit), the dependent ones are indicators of specific assets.

After finding the contributions (regression coefficients) of each asset, we propose to form their structure according to the principle of a portfolio approach, in which the efficiency indicator of all assets will strive to the maximum and at the same time the specific features of the enterprise in each case will be taken into account [10].

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10. Simonova V.A. Methods of optimization of technological assets of business processes of industrial enterprises // Transport business of Russia. 2010;5:68-71. (In Russ.).

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Strategic Factor of Energy in Changing the Trend of Catching-up Technological Development

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-4.178.2021.48-53

The article examines the problems of structural modernization of the Russian economy in relation to applying the fuel and energy complex potential. The author reveals regularities of structural modernization and identifies the role of the fuel and energy complex as the most important element for developing the country’s productive forces. Creating a trajectory of sustainable economic growth requires an increased efficiency of using the energy complex potential. It is substantiated that the low technical and technological level of extractive and processing sectors of the fuel and energy complex, pricing imbalances, ruble devaluation don’t meet the strategic goals of industrial development and achieving economic security

Analysis of the fund of the national welfare of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.94-99

In an unstable environment of sharp declines in world oil prices associated with a decrease in demand for their consumption mainly due to COVID-19, studies on the formation, distribution and assessment of the effectiveness of the use of funds from sovereign wealth funds of states are timely and relevant. A comparative assessment of the approaches of various states on the use of the funds of their sovereign wealth funds is carried out, an analysis of the sources of allocation of funds of the National Welfare Fund of the Russian Federation for 2015-2019 is carried out, a method for assessing the economic efficiency of using the funds of the national welfare Fund of the Russian Federation, based on a comparative assessment of its profitability with the level of profitability of foreign sovereign funds, is proposed.

Economics and innovations: dialectic of interdependence

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.62-77

The article attempts to analyze the impact of general economic situation in national economy of Russia on innovative industrial development. The impact of innovations to industrial production development has shown in the article. We can see stages of innovative development in current Russian economy. The reasons, which are constraining innovative activity, have considered. The government role in stimulating of innovations has analyzed. The presence of private and budgetary components has noted as a qualitative specificity of Russian economy today. We can see the conclusion about necessity of improvement of management organization system of innovative processes.

Labour Potential of the Enterprise: New Forms of Activation

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.172.2020.130-137

The article examines motivational interests that provide economic growth in the context of transformation process. It is proved that the main role is played by integrated interests of technologically related relations in terms of the result-based indicator. It is substantiated that material incentives, though being one of the most important factors in enhancing labour potential, do not reveal the depth of motivational essence of labour relations and lead to decrease in the activities efficiency. The purpose of this study is to develop a mechanism for activating labour processes, on which the efficiency of using resource potential and economic growth depend.

The theory of shadow prices as a methodological basis of a promising management system in the military-industrial complex

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.57-66

The article discusses the economic feasibility of using modern development in managing the development of enterprises of the defense-industrial complex in the performance of the state defense order of the theory of shadow prices.

Natural Gas Energy Consumption Strategy by iron and steel industry enterprises

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.38-46

The existing modern conceptual approaches to the formation of an assessment of the natural gas consumption strategy in the steel industry do not allow assessing comprehensively all the processes that occur in the enterprise affecting the efficiency of natural gas consumption. Due to the fact that natural gas acts an important role as a universal energy resource, both in the economy and in international politics, the modern strategy for assessing the consumption of natural gas in the steel industry is becoming a key factor in increasing competitiveness and guaranteeing sustainable economic growth of the country’s steel industry.

The article proposes a conceptual approach to the development of the model in order to assess the strategy of natural gas consumption at iron and steel enterprises, which allows timely management decisions to be taken to increase the organization of efficient energy consumption at the enterprise.

Based on the proposed conceptual approach to assessing the strategy of natural gas consumption at the iron and steel industry, it can be stated that this assessment is interconnected with the assessment of the integral criterion for the implementation of the goals of organizing effective energy management.

Technique of the modified duration as a way of an estimation of efficiency of innovative projects in market economy

In the scientific article application of a method of a duration as most effective way of an estimation of innovative projects on an example regional industrial кластера with the base research centre of leading high schools of Republic Tatarstan is proved.

The influence of social institutions on the efficiency of activity construction organizations

The article presents the results of the study of current directions in development of tools to measure the economic efficiency of construction organizations. The recommendations are based on the realization of the capacity of their management accounting, in parts of measuring transaction costs, in improving the quality of measurement the efficiency of construction organizations operation.  It has been determined, that some Russian social institutions do not promote effective business activities, although they are created to perform the functions of coordinating and regulating the actions of business entities. The authors’ study compensate the lack of research on determining the impact of institutional indicators on business performance.

Methodology for assessing clinical and economic efficiency dental treatment (on the example of orthopedic planning)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.92.2020.44-55

The development need an industry methodology for assessing clinical and economic efficiency in the segment of dental practice was reasonable.

Studies have been carried out to identify, the possibility and advisability of applying established theoretical principles and proven methods for assessing the effectiveness of processes and technologies in the dental practice segment.

The most effective methods and techniques for evaluating effectiveness were selected, indicators were developed, and formulas for calculating them in relation to dental practice were developed. The results of testing the developed method on the example of orthopedic planning was presented. The practical significance and feasibility of using the proposed methodology in dental practice was proved.