Digital import substitution in the nuclear industry

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.106.2022.79-86

Import substitution as a factor in the growth of domestic production in 2022 is again a relevant process, firstly, due to the consequences of geopolitical tensions, which entailed, among other things, the outflow of personnel, and secondly, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in destruction of established logistics links and supply chains.

The article analyzes the process of import substitution on the example of the largest Russian generating company in the nuclear industry – the State Corporation «Rosatom».

References:

1. Import substitution in Russia in 2022 – latest news // Legal newspaper. May 15, 2022 URL: https://yur-gazeta.ru/ekonomika/importozameshenie-v-rossii-v-2022-gody-poslednie-novosti.html

2. Rosatom announced the launch of the Logos Teplo digital product // Atomic Energy 2.0. URL: https://www.atomic-energy.ru/news/2019/12/19/100185

3. A domestic software and hardware complex for creating a VDI infrastructure has appeared in Russia // CNews. URL: https://www.cnews.ru/news/line/2021-06-15_v_rossii_poyavilsya_otechestvennyj

4. Rosatom as an engine of domestic IT import substitution // Digital Energy. URL: https://www.digital-energy.ru/2020/12/29/industry/rosatom-kak-dvigatel-otechestvennogo-it-importozamescheniya/

5. Rosatom completely switches to Astra Linux // CNews. May 19, 2022 URL: https://www.cnews.ru/news/top/2022-05-19_rosatom_polnostyu_perehodit

6. How Rosatom has become the engine of domestic IT import substitution // СNEWS. December 28, 2020 URL: https://www.cnews.ru/reviews/cnews_trendy_2021/cases/kak_rosatom_prevratilsya_v_dvigatel

7. Faikov D.Yu. Assessing the Opportunities and Prospects for Diversifying the Activities of State Corporations in the Framework of Modern Organizational and Technological Trends (on the Example of the Nuclear Industry) // MIR. 2020;11(2): 179-195. (In Russ.).

8. «Logos»: a course towards import substitution in the StrAU segment // CAD. 2021. No. 10. URL: https://sapr.ru/article/26321

9. RFNC-VNIIEF: Logos software package // TADVISER. URL: https://www.tadviser.ru/index.php/Product:RFNC-VNIIEF:_Logos_software package?cache=no&ptype=integr

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12. Development of digital modeling of management decisions in strategic planning: Monograph / Ed. ed. Doctor of Economics, prof. V.A. Tupchienko. Moscow: Scientific Consultant Publishing House, 2022. 408 p.

13. Report on the results of the expert-analytical event «Monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of import substitution measures in terms of procurement of software for state and municipal needs over the past period of 2018» // Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation. URL: https://ach.gov.ru/upload/iblock/6f8/6f8e9fbed42cfc40f5b6ecb022ffb843.pdf

Analytical modeling of natural gas energy consumption and basic principles of the conceptual approach to strategic management at an industrial enterprise

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.105.2022.65-73

This study considers the analysis of modern conditions in the energy market, which currently objectively requires a fundamentally new strategic management of natural gas consumption at industrial enterprises. The existing strategy for the energy-efficient use of natural gas does not meet the current energy situation in the world and does not allow a comprehensive assessment of all the processes that take place at the enterprise, which in turn affects the environmental situation, the efficiency of the use of natural gas and the rational formation of the fuel and energy balance of an industrial enterprise. Systemic conceptual provisions are needed that would allow the fundamentally new implementation of strategic energy management at the enterprise, which would ensure sustainable economic growth of the industrial enterprise and environmental balance in the region.

References:

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2. Burkov V.N., Zalozhnev A. Yu., Leontyev S. V., Novikov D. A., Chernyshev R. A. Mechanisms for financing regional development programs. Moscow: IPU RAN, 2002. 55 p. (In Russ.).

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10. Koksharov V.A. The concept of effective energy consumption management of an industrial enterprise // Bulletin of the UMO Series «Economics, statistics and informatics». Moscow: MESI, 2014;4:66-71. (In Russ.).

11. Beschinsky A.A. Development of the global fuel and energy balance in the long term and the role of new energy sources. Beschinsky, T.V. Inaura // Achievements and Prospects. 1982;27:64-74. (In Russ.).

12. Andronov M. Energy supply sector. Actual challenges and development prospects // Energorynok. 2011;05 (88):29-30. (In Russ.).

13. Kirshina I.A. Formation of a mechanism for strategic management of natural gas consumption by industrial enterprises // Microeconomics.2022;3:12-20. (In Russ.).

Formation of a mechanism for strategic management of natural gas consumption by industrial enterprises

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.104.2022.12-20

The work is devoted to the analysis of modern conceptual approaches to the strategic management of natural gas in industrial enterprises. The research was based on a systematic approach, methods of analysis and synthesis of indicators of the economics of natural gas consumption. The analysis showed that at present a number of issues related to the effective management of energy consumption remain unresolved, which affects the quality of the fuel and energy balance of the enterprise. The author proposes a conceptual approach to the strategic management of natural gas consumption, which uses a situational matrix model for planning an energy efficiency strategy for natural gas consumption based on the life cycle of energy efficient technologies.

References:

1. Gumerova G.I. On the concept of the technology life cycle. G. I. Gumerova, E. Sh. Shaimieva. Innovative Economy. 2008;8 (118):71-75.

2. Zavadsky V.V. Economic foundations of technological development. Neb. Naberezhnye Chelny, 1998. 121 p.

3. Tyshkevich K.V. Formation of a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of technological innovations at enterprises. N.-Novgorod, 2003. 158 p.

4. Schwärtzel H. G. Forschung, Technologie, Innovation — dieökonomische Sicht. Klagenfurt, 1998.

5. Kirshina I.A. The concept of situational and strategic planning of natural gas consumption at an industrial enterprise. I.A. Kirshina, V.A. Koksharov. Microeconomics. 2021;6 (101):58-68.

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8. Tumanovsky A.G., Morozov O.V. Reserves of energy and resource saving at small thermal power plants, in boiler houses and heat supply systems // Materials of the V Moscow International Exhibition Dorcomexpo, 2003.

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13. Batenin V.M., Maslennikov V.M. About the strategy of development of Russian energy. Gas turbine technologies. 1999;3:48-62.

Formation of an optimal asset structure of production enterprises according to the goals of their owners

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.58-64

The article considers the issue of forming the optimal structure of assets of manufacturing enterprises according to the goals of their owners. An original approach is proposed to optimize the structure of the company’s assets according to the criterion of maximizing their effectiveness for owners through the enterprise capitalization indicator.

To link the indicators of capitalization and profit from the existing assets of manufacturing enterprises of the manufacturing industry, the authors propose to create a multiple regression model, where the independent variable is capitalization (profit), the dependent ones are indicators of specific assets.

After finding the contributions (regression coefficients) of each asset, we propose to form their structure according to the principle of a portfolio approach, in which the efficiency indicator of all assets will strive to the maximum and at the same time the specific features of the enterprise in each case will be taken into account [10].

References:

1. Azrilinyan A.N. Big Economic Dictionary. M.: Institute of New Economics, 1997. (In Russ.).

2. Bezpalov V.V., Dorofeev A.Yu., Gorin D.S., Marien L.S. Designing stages of anti-crisis organizational engineering of agricultural enterprises within the universal management cycle. Journal of Applied Research. 2021;1(4):22-35. (In Russ.).

3. Blazhevich O.G. Turnover indicators and their significance for assessing the efficiency of asset use // Scientific Bulletin: Finance, Banks, Investments. 2018;4 (45):31-38. (In Russ.).

4. Brigham Yu., Erhardt M. Financial management: St. Petersburg: Peter, 2009. (In Russ.).

5. Voloshchuk L.A., Tkachev S.I., Monina O.Yu. Statistics. Educational and practical manual: Saratov, 2016. (In Russ.).

6. Van Horn D., Vakhovich D. Fundamentals of Financial Management: M.: Dialectics, 2020. (In Russ.).

7. Dorofeev A.Yu., Filatov V.V., Medvedev V.M., Shestov A.V., Fadeev A.S. Methodology for calculating the discount rate using the capital asset valuation model. Online journal of Science Studies. 2015;7(2 (27)):18. (In Russ.).

8. Mukhidov R.H., Simonova V.A., Filatov V.V. Initial public offering of securities as a financial instrument of Russian corporations for attracting investments // Collection of scientific papers Actual issues of economics, commerce and service, Kosygin Russian State University, 2021. pp. 124-128. (In Russ.).

9. Samuelson P., Nordhaus U. Economics: M: Williams, 2018. (In Russ.).

10. Simonova V.A. Methods of optimization of technological assets of business processes of industrial enterprises // Transport business of Russia. 2010;5:68-71. (In Russ.).

11. Simonova V.A. Efficiency assessment and optimization of business processes of food industry enterprises // Economics, statistics and computer science. Bulletin of UMO. 2012;2:177-183. (In Russ.).

12. Simonova V.A., Tomm V.A. Normative values of financial coefficients as a basis for the formation of the balance sheet structure of industrial enterprises // Modern humanitarian studies. 2013;4 (53):29-34. (In Russ.).

Strategic Factor of Energy in Changing the Trend of Catching-up Technological Development

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33917/es-4.178.2021.48-53

The article examines the problems of structural modernization of the Russian economy in relation to applying the fuel and energy complex potential. The author reveals regularities of structural modernization and identifies the role of the fuel and energy complex as the most important element for developing the country’s productive forces. Creating a trajectory of sustainable economic growth requires an increased efficiency of using the energy complex potential. It is substantiated that the low technical and technological level of extractive and processing sectors of the fuel and energy complex, pricing imbalances, ruble devaluation don’t meet the strategic goals of industrial development and achieving economic security

Analysis of the fund of the national welfare of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.94-99

In an unstable environment of sharp declines in world oil prices associated with a decrease in demand for their consumption mainly due to COVID-19, studies on the formation, distribution and assessment of the effectiveness of the use of funds from sovereign wealth funds of states are timely and relevant. A comparative assessment of the approaches of various states on the use of the funds of their sovereign wealth funds is carried out, an analysis of the sources of allocation of funds of the National Welfare Fund of the Russian Federation for 2015-2019 is carried out, a method for assessing the economic efficiency of using the funds of the national welfare Fund of the Russian Federation, based on a comparative assessment of its profitability with the level of profitability of foreign sovereign funds, is proposed.

Economics and innovations: dialectic of interdependence

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.62-77

The article attempts to analyze the impact of general economic situation in national economy of Russia on innovative industrial development. The impact of innovations to industrial production development has shown in the article. We can see stages of innovative development in current Russian economy. The reasons, which are constraining innovative activity, have considered. The government role in stimulating of innovations has analyzed. The presence of private and budgetary components has noted as a qualitative specificity of Russian economy today. We can see the conclusion about necessity of improvement of management organization system of innovative processes.

Labour Potential of the Enterprise: New Forms of Activation

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.172.2020.130-137

The article examines motivational interests that provide economic growth in the context of transformation process. It is proved that the main role is played by integrated interests of technologically related relations in terms of the result-based indicator. It is substantiated that material incentives, though being one of the most important factors in enhancing labour potential, do not reveal the depth of motivational essence of labour relations and lead to decrease in the activities efficiency. The purpose of this study is to develop a mechanism for activating labour processes, on which the efficiency of using resource potential and economic growth depend.

The theory of shadow prices as a methodological basis of a promising management system in the military-industrial complex

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.57-66

The article discusses the economic feasibility of using modern development in managing the development of enterprises of the defense-industrial complex in the performance of the state defense order of the theory of shadow prices.

Natural Gas Energy Consumption Strategy by iron and steel industry enterprises

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.38-46

The existing modern conceptual approaches to the formation of an assessment of the natural gas consumption strategy in the steel industry do not allow assessing comprehensively all the processes that occur in the enterprise affecting the efficiency of natural gas consumption. Due to the fact that natural gas acts an important role as a universal energy resource, both in the economy and in international politics, the modern strategy for assessing the consumption of natural gas in the steel industry is becoming a key factor in increasing competitiveness and guaranteeing sustainable economic growth of the country’s steel industry.

The article proposes a conceptual approach to the development of the model in order to assess the strategy of natural gas consumption at iron and steel enterprises, which allows timely management decisions to be taken to increase the organization of efficient energy consumption at the enterprise.

Based on the proposed conceptual approach to assessing the strategy of natural gas consumption at the iron and steel industry, it can be stated that this assessment is interconnected with the assessment of the integral criterion for the implementation of the goals of organizing effective energy management.