Analysis of the fund of the national welfare of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.94-99

In an unstable environment of sharp declines in world oil prices associated with a decrease in demand for their consumption mainly due to COVID-19, studies on the formation, distribution and assessment of the effectiveness of the use of funds from sovereign wealth funds of states are timely and relevant. A comparative assessment of the approaches of various states on the use of the funds of their sovereign wealth funds is carried out, an analysis of the sources of allocation of funds of the National Welfare Fund of the Russian Federation for 2015-2019 is carried out, a method for assessing the economic efficiency of using the funds of the national welfare Fund of the Russian Federation, based on a comparative assessment of its profitability with the level of profitability of foreign sovereign funds, is proposed.

Economics and innovations: dialectic of interdependence

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.62-77

The article attempts to analyze the impact of general economic situation in national economy of Russia on innovative industrial development. The impact of innovations to industrial production development has shown in the article. We can see stages of innovative development in current Russian economy. The reasons, which are constraining innovative activity, have considered. The government role in stimulating of innovations has analyzed. The presence of private and budgetary components has noted as a qualitative specificity of Russian economy today. We can see the conclusion about necessity of improvement of management organization system of innovative processes.

Labour Potential of the Enterprise: New Forms of Activation

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.172.2020.130-137

The article examines motivational interests that provide economic growth in the context of transformation process. It is proved that the main role is played by integrated interests of technologically related relations in terms of the result-based indicator. It is substantiated that material incentives, though being one of the most important factors in enhancing labour potential, do not reveal the depth of motivational essence of labour relations and lead to decrease in the activities efficiency. The purpose of this study is to develop a mechanism for activating labour processes, on which the efficiency of using resource potential and economic growth depend.

The theory of shadow prices as a methodological basis of a promising management system in the military-industrial complex

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.57-66

The article discusses the economic feasibility of using modern development in managing the development of enterprises of the defense-industrial complex in the performance of the state defense order of the theory of shadow prices.

Natural Gas Energy Consumption Strategy by iron and steel industry enterprises

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.38-46

The existing modern conceptual approaches to the formation of an assessment of the natural gas consumption strategy in the steel industry do not allow assessing comprehensively all the processes that occur in the enterprise affecting the efficiency of natural gas consumption. Due to the fact that natural gas acts an important role as a universal energy resource, both in the economy and in international politics, the modern strategy for assessing the consumption of natural gas in the steel industry is becoming a key factor in increasing competitiveness and guaranteeing sustainable economic growth of the country’s steel industry.

The article proposes a conceptual approach to the development of the model in order to assess the strategy of natural gas consumption at iron and steel enterprises, which allows timely management decisions to be taken to increase the organization of efficient energy consumption at the enterprise.

Based on the proposed conceptual approach to assessing the strategy of natural gas consumption at the iron and steel industry, it can be stated that this assessment is interconnected with the assessment of the integral criterion for the implementation of the goals of organizing effective energy management.

Technique of the modified duration as a way of an estimation of efficiency of innovative projects in market economy

In the scientific article application of a method of a duration as most effective way of an estimation of innovative projects on an example regional industrial кластера with the base research centre of leading high schools of Republic Tatarstan is proved.

The influence of social institutions on the efficiency of activity construction organizations

The article presents the results of the study of current directions in development of tools to measure the economic efficiency of construction organizations. The recommendations are based on the realization of the capacity of their management accounting, in parts of measuring transaction costs, in improving the quality of measurement the efficiency of construction organizations operation.  It has been determined, that some Russian social institutions do not promote effective business activities, although they are created to perform the functions of coordinating and regulating the actions of business entities. The authors’ study compensate the lack of research on determining the impact of institutional indicators on business performance.

Methodology for assessing clinical and economic efficiency dental treatment (on the example of orthopedic planning)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-3.92.2020.44-55

The development need an industry methodology for assessing clinical and economic efficiency in the segment of dental practice was reasonable.

Studies have been carried out to identify, the possibility and advisability of applying established theoretical principles and proven methods for assessing the effectiveness of processes and technologies in the dental practice segment.

The most effective methods and techniques for evaluating effectiveness were selected, indicators were developed, and formulas for calculating them in relation to dental practice were developed. The results of testing the developed method on the example of orthopedic planning was presented. The practical significance and feasibility of using the proposed methodology in dental practice was proved.

All This Jazz. Strategic Trends in 2018

#2. Breakthrough Betting
All This Jazz. Strategic Trends in 2018

The article is a review of strategic trends of the past year, which has become traditional for the Economic Strategies magazine. According to the authors, despite the fact that the year was not particularly remarkable, a number of significant events occurred. The main trend of the year was the confrontation of President Trump and the Democrats. This reflects the trend of cyclical development, when at a certain point a concentration of efforts of one or another nation occurs, and, if it is successful, then external expansion follows. Currently, the US foreign expansion, called globalization, does not have sufficient resources for its continuation. The authors describe the situation in nine different areas of the country’s life, corresponding to parameters of the national integral power: economics, foreign policy, army, territory, natural resources, culture and religion, science and education, population, government.

Economics of Technological Development: Principles, Problems, Prospects

#6. The Charm of Unattainable Peaks
Economics of Technological Development: Principles, Problems, Prospects

The article dwells on the basic principles and problems of technological development that arise from the specifics of certain technologies. The choice of technological capabilities at the individual and firm level cannot comply solely with the investment logic of decision-making, as the technologies life cycle includes unpredictable effects that can significantly improve the return, which cannot be anticipated at the initial point of transition from one technological opportunity to another. Technologies are characterized by special properties, which have a decisive influence on the course of technological development. And these properties are not characteristic for other types of goods, this fact fundamentally distinguishes formation of demand for new technologies and affects the options for their use. Any technology consists of a kind of nucleus and variable periphery, is characterized by various kinds of animation effects and can also be an integral element of the combinatorial effect in the sphere of technologies. Owing to this “frame” that defines the structure of technology, it acts as a kind of a rule that determines the behavior of agents and conditions for developing the service infrastructure. Existing models of economic growth do not fully take into account the microeconomic institutional properties of technology, creating a pseudo-correct image of technologies’ impact on the system’s growth. In this regard, formation of the theory framework for the economic system processability will provide the necessary guidance in describing and investigating technological and institutional changes and economic growth, which are highly dependent on them. The aggregate productivity of factors also becomes to a significant degree a system parameter, dependent on overall technological applicability and institutional changes. The article describes the main characteristics of functioning of the fundamental research sector, which acts as the generator of all subsequent technological changes in a long range of economic development.