The "Economic Strategies" journal

2020 #6. 2020

Development of program and target management in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.5-20

The purpose of this work is to prepare proposals for further development of the methodology and tools for target management in the Russian Federation. The article addresses the following issues: 1) as a result of the analysis of domestic and foreign scientific sources, as well as regulatory documents of the Russian Federation in the field of strategic planning, the main directions for its further improvement are formulated; 2) a methodological approach to the development of state programs for economic and social development of the country is proposed; 3) the expediency of using the coefficients of relative and absolute importance (mutual utility), as well as the method of hierarchy analysis (MAI), when optimizing the distribution of resources between alternative directions – branches of the “tree of goals and objectives” of state programs is justified); 4) methods of forming an information base for calculating the volume of resource support for state programs (standards: specific capital investment, the maximum consumption of the most important types of material resources and the specific labor intensity per unit of the parameter reflecting the main consumer quality of the product) are proposed.

Managing the cost of knowledge-based technologies and businesses

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.21-29

This scientific article covers the issues of managing the cost of technologies and businesses based on knowledge, which means first of all the ability to assess the cost of such technologies and businesses, and then manage this cost in accordance with the goals defined by the relevant structures. Technologies and businesses based on knowledge belong to the objects of intellectual property.

The authors analyze modern methods of determining the value of property, including intellectual property; identify the peculiarities of assessing the value of a business based on knowledge; determine the features of managing this business; study and systematize the Russian experience of doing business based on knowledge.

Risk management in the company’s strategic development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.30-39

Each enterprise in its activities often faces the problem of choosing the optimal investment direction that will ensure it receives the maximum income in the future. The article considers risk management as one of the key subsystems of the enterprise strategic development system. Methods of evaluating the effectiveness of investment projects with consideration of risks are studied and systematized, and their comparative analysis is carried out. A practical example with calculations is presented. The results are analyzed. The directions of possible investments are briefly described.

Mechanisms for transformation of enterprise solvency estimates taking into account the essential content of balance sheet components

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.40-46

The paper discusses the approaches to the transformation of estimates of short-term liabilities, high-liquidity assets, receivables and enterprise reserves based on the essential economic content of the components included in them and disguised by accounting when compiling the balance sheet. Differences in real and accounting estimates are shown, which can significantly distort the true estimates of Companies solvency indicators.

Economic efficiency assessment of different various models of generation projects based on res in the hard-to-reach areas

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.47-55

The article describes the current economic problems in the situation under consideration, the analysis of existing schemes for implementing investment projects in the considered area is carried out, the optimal agreements between the investor and the customer in various conditions of energy supply.

Prospects of inter-fuel competition for heat energy production in the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.56-61

Reliable and uninterrupted supply of energy resources to the Arctic territories of the Russian Federation in the extremely harsh climatic conditions of the North is the primary state task of state authorities at each level. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the factors that determine the priority demand for energy resources that have the highest efficiency of their use. As a result of the analysis of the use of traditional types of primary energy resources, such as coal, crude oil, diesel fuel and gas condensate at the enterprises of electric and heat power engineering of the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), inter-fuel competitiveness was revealed. Calculations have been made of the energy and environmental efficiency of using alternative fuels, such as liquefied natural gas (LNG) instead of the existing traditional types of fuel for boiler houses in the Arctic regions of the republic. Methods for assessing the energy and environmental assessment of the efficiency of replacing traditional fuels with liquefied natural gas for the production of heat energy at heat power plants in the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), which are universal for use in each region with local heat supply to its territories, are proposed.

Economics and innovations: dialectic of interdependence

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.62-77

The article attempts to analyze the impact of general economic situation in national economy of Russia on innovative industrial development. The impact of innovations to industrial production development has shown in the article. We can see stages of innovative development in current Russian economy. The reasons, which are constraining innovative activity, have considered. The government role in stimulating of innovations has analyzed. The presence of private and budgetary components has noted as a qualitative specificity of Russian economy today. We can see the conclusion about necessity of improvement of management organization system of innovative processes.

Investment problems of the health system

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.78-86

The article focuses on the shortcomings of the resource and financial support of the healthcare sector. The importance of increasing the volume of social investments in healthcare in the Russian Federation is shown. The current model of healthcare investment is analyzed. The main problems of investing in the healthcare system are formulated. The directions of its improvement and modification are suggested.

The ideology of the Club of Rome in the complex of weakening Russia’s economic security and sovereignty

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.87-93

The ideas of the club of Rome as an important basis of financial, economic, political and legal practices of bourgeois elites at the global level in the form of implementation misanthropic neomalthusianism concepts in the contemporary world are investigated in the context of their implementation in post-Soviet Russia; substantiates the key role of the ideology and practice of the club of Rome in the Russian liberal elites, the destruction of the Soviet system, the dynamics of post-Soviet Russia; the necessity of the upsurge of scientific research in the interests of peoples and countries, alternative design development of the club of Rome, as a key basis for restoration of economic safety of Russia its financial-economic sovereignty and the development of the project of the future world order based on the principles of popular democracy.

Analysis of the fund of the national welfare of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.94-99

In an unstable environment of sharp declines in world oil prices associated with a decrease in demand for their consumption mainly due to COVID-19, studies on the formation, distribution and assessment of the effectiveness of the use of funds from sovereign wealth funds of states are timely and relevant. A comparative assessment of the approaches of various states on the use of the funds of their sovereign wealth funds is carried out, an analysis of the sources of allocation of funds of the National Welfare Fund of the Russian Federation for 2015-2019 is carried out, a method for assessing the economic efficiency of using the funds of the national welfare Fund of the Russian Federation, based on a comparative assessment of its profitability with the level of profitability of foreign sovereign funds, is proposed.