The "Economic Strategies" journal

2020 #5. 2020

Economic estimation of energy supply of a mining enterprise in the hard-to-reach areas using high penetration hybrid power plant

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.55-65

The article describes the strategic tasks facing the mining industry of the Russian Federation in the field of energy efficiency, analyzes the problems of energy supply in this industry in isolated and hard-to-reach areas and assesses the economic efficiency of the high penetration hybrid power plant.

Economic effect of implementation of integrated programs for optimizing local energy on the example of the Khabarovsk region

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.66-73

The article analyzes the features of technologically isolated energy districts, suggests measures to optimize the energy supply of localities, and presents technical and economic calculations and indicators.

Economic assessment of innovative potential by using mesofractal indicators

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.74-81

The scientific article assesses the innovative potential of enterprises in the retail and trade sector of the service sector in order to identify the level of their competitiveness. The modular categories are highlighted, according to which it is possible to identify the degree of readiness of enterprises for innovation. The algorithm for determining the innovative potential has been determined; the systemic components of the mesofractal of innovative potential were identified, and the methodology for assessing the readiness of an enterprise for innovation was improved, on the basis of which empirical indicators were obtained.

Possibilities of investment support of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its regions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.82-92

The article analyzes the current trends in the policy of investment support and its regional features. Conclusions are given on the level of development of the current state of investment activity in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The article analyzes the indicators characterizing the financial sources of investment in fixed assets: budgetary and extrabudgetary funds, investments guaranteed by the state, funds of enterprises and households, loans from commercial banks, foreign direct investment. As well as the results of investment activities in the regions of the country. Suggestions and recommendations are given to improve the efficiency of investment policy in the country. The results of the study can be used in the analysis and forecasting of structural changes in the country’s investment policy. It is concluded that investment support is a more voluminous economic concept than investment activity, representing a state of the economy, in which the possibility of satisfying the entire country is ensured. While investment support is a system and process that acts as a tool for achieving investment policy indicators. If it is organized correctly, then the conditions for sustainable economic development of the country and its regions are achieved.

Specificity of the service market research on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.93-98

The research article studies the specifics of the service market using the example of the Republic of Tatarstan, within the framework of which the structural components of improving the quality of service are identified and the main directions for the development of innovations are determined. The monitoring of the state and development of the service market was carried out, in the process of which the respondents assessed the problem areas on a 5-point scale. When researching the questionnaires of a sociological survey, the main directions of development of the service sector are presented.

On certain aspects of the EU policy on decriminalization of the credit and financial sector and reduction of risks of money laundering

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.99-106

The risks of money laundering and terrorist financing remain a serious concern in the European Union (EU), including in the context of ensuring the integrity of the Union’s financial system, as well as the safety of its citizens. According to Europol, up to 0,7-1,28% of the annual gross domestic product of the European Union is «identified as associated with suspicious financial activity». Therefore, combating money laundering and terrorist financing is a priority for the EU and an important component of its security policy.

Historical trends and strategic priorities of sociodemographic dynamics of civilizations

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.107-122

The article describes the basic theory and methodology of integral forecasting demographic and social dynamics of civilizations taking into account regularities of cyclical dynamics using statistical data from the world Bank, examines the socio-demographic trend of the development of civilizations in early XXI century. The article reveals the content and structure of the current demographic crisis as an integral part of the civilizational crisis, taking into account the impact of the pandemic coronavirus and the global economic crisis 2020. Substantiated scenarios of demographic and social dynamics of civilizations for the period up to 2050, and identifies strategic priorities to overcome the crisis and substantiates proposals on enhancing the UN’s role in forecasting and management of socio-demographic dynamics of civilizations.

Justification of methodological approaches for determining the labor intensity of R&D

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.5-17

The purpose of this work is to prepare proposals for the use of R&D labor intensity standards as one of the main tools for drawing up estimates.

The article addresses the following issues: 1) As a result of comparative analysis of specific features, the «weak» and «strong» points of the methods for the measurement of the complexity of research and design work have been identified, the original methodological assumptions and justifies the most appropriate area of use; 2) Improve the efficiency and validity of design-estimate documents of R&D proposed synthesized a comprehensive approach, which consists in the joint use of three methods – the main (analog) and two support (network planning and management, and expert).

Fundamentals and methods of forming a database of intellectual property of organizations

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.18-25

In modern economic conditions, enterprises that produce high-tech products rely on their existing competencies based on various objects of intellectual property. In this regard, the competitiveness of high-tech enterprises is directly dependent on the efficiency of the use of intellectual property. Thus, there is a problem of constructing mechanisms that allow describing intellectual property objects of knowledge-intensive enterprise and performing their information analysis, which justifies the relevance of forming the organization’s intellectual property database.

Modeling of conceptual principles for the formation of an energy strategy for natural gas consumption by industrial enterprise

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.26-38

A study of the methodological and methodological aspects of managing economic processes allowed the authors to determine the basic conceptual principles for the formation of an energy strategy for the use of natural gas in industrial enterprises and distribute them into groups. This article presents the author’s classification of the system of principles for the formation of an energy-efficient strategy for using natural gas at an industrial enterprise, analyzes the principles considered on this issue, which allowed them to be combined into the following target groups: organizational, economic, financial, environmental, technological, methodological and specific. The authors propose, formulate and justify two new specific principles for the formation of an energy strategy: the risk principle of the energy strategy and the principle of reorganization of energy chains of natural gas consumption by an enterprise. For most of the principles presented, regression models have been developed for their quantitative assessment. Conclusions are made regarding the proposed classification of principles, according to which all principles are of equal importance in the implementation of the energy strategy and should be implemented and investigated simultaneously.