Digital imperatives of economic management within the cross-border economic spaces of international integration associations (unions) with the participation of Russia

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.96.2021.5-10

The problems of forming a unified digital information environment of a group of industry and cross-industry clusters of large and medium-sized companies within the framework of international integration associations (unions) with the participation of Russia are considered. The possibility and expediency of involving various types of resources distributed over economic spaces into the control loop has been substantiated. It is proposed to form resource- and object- (agent-based) structured matrices of effective demand and cooperative supply of products and services in Russia and abroad.

Justification of methodological approaches for determining the labor intensity of R&D

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.5-17

The purpose of this work is to prepare proposals for the use of R&D labor intensity standards as one of the main tools for drawing up estimates.

The article addresses the following issues: 1) As a result of comparative analysis of specific features, the «weak» and «strong» points of the methods for the measurement of the complexity of research and design work have been identified, the original methodological assumptions and justifies the most appropriate area of use; 2) Improve the efficiency and validity of design-estimate documents of R&D proposed synthesized a comprehensive approach, which consists in the joint use of three methods – the main (analog) and two support (network planning and management, and expert).

Development of program and target management in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.5-20

The purpose of this work is to prepare proposals for further development of the methodology and tools for target management in the Russian Federation. The article addresses the following issues: 1) as a result of the analysis of domestic and foreign scientific sources, as well as regulatory documents of the Russian Federation in the field of strategic planning, the main directions for its further improvement are formulated; 2) a methodological approach to the development of state programs for economic and social development of the country is proposed; 3) the expediency of using the coefficients of relative and absolute importance (mutual utility), as well as the method of hierarchy analysis (MAI), when optimizing the distribution of resources between alternative directions – branches of the “tree of goals and objectives” of state programs is justified); 4) methods of forming an information base for calculating the volume of resource support for state programs (standards: specific capital investment, the maximum consumption of the most important types of material resources and the specific labor intensity per unit of the parameter reflecting the main consumer quality of the product) are proposed.

Scientific and methodological apparatus for the modernization of the pension system aimed at improving the standard of living of the population of the territories of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.12-24

The article deals with one of the most pressing problems of modernizing the economic relations of the pension system aimed at improving the standard of living of citizens of the Russian Federation.

Using a systemic methodological approach and methods of statistical and economic analysis, including horizontal and vertical analysis, the authors assessed the dynamics and structure of income and expenses of the Pension Fund and the number of employed pensioners in Russia. Pensions to individuals were calculated using methods of ratio analysis. Differences in living standards of pensioners in the Far North and other regions of Russia were assessed using comparative analysis. The study showed the reason why Russian pensioners stay employed, presented the procedure of pension payments to individuals, and explained potential ways of improving the pension system. The main idea of the study findings is to explain the need to reform the pension system for the purpose of raising the living standards of pensioner citizens of the Russian Federation.

On building a model for managing scientific and technological activities in the context of scientific and technological development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.12-24

The article analyzes possible options for scientific and technological development: import of technology and leadership in selected areas of science and technology development. Attention is focused on the task of implementing the achievements of science and technology. The proposed solutions are based on an analysis of the experience of the USSR, the experience of Russia and can be used to develop a modern model for the management of scientific and technical activities in the context of scientific and technological development.

Digital concept for identifying hidden control centers as part of a complex multi-currency financial systems with a lot of latent connections between elements

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.5-11

The article discusses the problems of digital monitoring of international settlements with the cooperated structure of the EAEU financial and stock markets as multi-agent systems. The introduction of a digital platform with analytical services for the identification of cluster monetary and financial interpretations of the observed operations and the identification of real beneficiaries (hidden control centers) of operating schemes and transaction chains of specific financial operators is justified. It is proposed to build a computationally observable object-resource base of electronic transactions that allows you to track the movement [including budget] of each ruble or other non-cash currency through any number of accounts that serve as the basis for establishing all participants in the financial chain.

Russian transnational corporations as global leaders

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.5-13

The paper considers the largest Russian transnational corporations and the possibilities of consolidating their status as global economic leaders. The positions of Russian companies in international ratings are analyzed: Fortune Global 500, The World’s Largest Public Companies (according to Forbs magazine), Top-100 non-financial MNCs from developing countries and countries with economies in transition, ranked by the size of foreign assets and a number of other foreign ratings. The features of the activities of the companies represented in the ratings are established, measures are proposed to strengthen the positions of Russian companies in the global economy.

Methodological problems of determining the resource support activities of the national program «Digital economy»

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019. 14-21

The purpose of this work is to substantiate methodological approaches to determining the cost of activities of the national program «Digital economy of the Russian Federation». The article presents an analysis of the compliance of this program with the requirements for the structure and content of state programs established in the «Guidelines for the development and implementation of state programs of the Russian Federation» (enacted by the order of the Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation dated December 26, 2012 № 817). As a result, the main shortcomings were identified and proposals were formulated to improve the level of validity of the main indicators-the volume of financial resources and economic efficiency of measures.

The paper proposes a methodological approach to determining the cost of major activities of major national programs. As a method of solving the problem, it is proposed to use not one but two methods, namely, expert and correlation-regression analysis.

Public-private partnership: current state and development dynamics

One of the tools for implementing the project approach in the public administration field, improving the financial, technological and innovative potential of various sectors of the Russian economy is public-private partnership (PPP). A comparative assessment of the dynamics of the public-private partnership development in Russia and abroad determines the purpose of this paper. The paper also presents an analysis of trends in the development of the PPP market, which caused a surge of interest in PPP on the business part and the risks that arise in the process of PPP projects’ implementing.

About the concept of «Strategic Forecasting»

Based on the study of the regulatory framework and comparative analysis of concepts, it is concluded that strategic forecasting should be considered as a special kind of forecasting, which is not identical to long-term and long-term forecasting. The principal specificity of strategic forecasting is its organic involvement in the complex of strategic management with the system of goal-setting. This determines the additional content of the logical scope of the concept.