Stagnation: For How Long?

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.90-95

Changing of a conjuncture index of “Economic strategy” (CIES) for the first half of 2019 is considered. The contribution of indicators of supply and demand in CIES is estimated. The analysis of industrial production is carried out

Machining Production of Russia: Structure of Innovations and Export Strategy and Replacement of Import of Machines

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.78-89

The purpose of the study is to assess the dynamics of the manufacturing industries in Russia. According to the “structural formula”, the contribution of innovations in various types of activities to the overall dynamics of innovations in manufacturing industries is assessed, which makes it possible to identify the dominant innovations in economic sectors. This approach is useful in order to differentiate the methods of industrial (sectoral) policy, including national projects as an institutional tool for managing the development of the Russian economy, since it identifies those areas that require special incentives for the innovation process. The structure of innovation is heterogeneous, the contribution by different types of activity varies significantly, which indicates the instability of the process of innovative development. Two strategies are considered for the functioning of processing industries: the export of machinery and the substitution of machinery imports. It is shown that these strategies can not be reduced to one another, except for special cases and suggest different possibilities. The parameter of structural independence for the Russian engineering industry has steadily decreased and its dynamics has been stabilized at low values, as shown by the method of phase portraits of the change in this indicator. This suggests that the domestic economy and engineering remain highly dependent on imports of machinery, equipment and technology, and leads to the conclusion that the import substitution policy is not, firstly, sufficient, and secondly, structural internal changes are required in the economy, so that import substitution and the development of export manufacturing industries give a positive systemic result. On the basis of quantitative assessments, a fundamental conclusion was obtained that the import substitution policy itself will certainly not have a high performance (locally limited effect), which it could potentially have when the internal flow of resources changes towards the processing sectors

Alpha Business in the Russian Food Market

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.68-77

The example of the food sector shows that concentration trends in Russian business have led to its stratification into three levels with different institutional conditions and the dominance of the upper levels (alpha business) over the lower one (beta and gamma business). The features of the Russian alpha business against the background of a similar world hierarchy, the logic of its transformation and interaction with the government are analyzed. The requirements for the country development strategy based on the functional balance of the different levels of business are determined

Corporate Transparency Rating of the Largest Russian Companies for July-August 2019: Regular Bulletin

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.108-113

Corporate transparency research is being conducted by the Russian Regional Integrated Reporting Network (RRS) since 2013 and is a public initiative of the professional community. The research objectives include: forming an idea of the state and dynamics of corporate transparency of the largest Russian companies, identifying best practices of corporate transparency, such as disclosing information through public reporting mechanisms, compiling a rating and sub-ratings of corporate transparency. More detailed information on the methodology is presented in the Regulation on the study “Corporate transparency of the largest Russian companies” [1].

Modern Problems of Managing International Reserves in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.100-107

Significant volumes of the gold and foreign exchange reserves determines the high importance of taking well-based decisions in the process of managing reserves. While maintaining the overall set-up for implementing conservative strategy of reserves management, investing part of the funds in more risky financial instruments may increase profitability without risking macroeconomic stability and loss of reserves

Innovation Development of Russia: Problem-Based Approach

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.90-99

Innovative development is a strategy for creating a new technological and social structure. The implementation of this agenda requires the solution of a complex of problems created by the phenomenon of innovation. The article identifies seven problem areas that impede the formation of a sustainable innovation system in modern Russia. The problem of definitions is associated with a lack of understanding of the deep essence of the innovation culture, which gives rise to a superficial understanding of innovation only as a commercialized innovation, and not as a way of life. The problem of operationalization and evaluation of innovations is associated with the dominance of technocratic and statistical approaches, which leads to linear conclusions and forms a biased picture of the development potential of Russia. The problem of spontaneity of innovation and the focus solely on the investment aspects of innovation policy can turn into significant financial losses and a decrease in the creative potential of people involved in certain branches of science and economics. The problem of the subject forms the wrong idea of innovation as an exclusive product of individual creativity, while they are the result of complex social interaction. The problem of the institutional environment is associated not so much with incubators, venture funds, technology parks and research laboratories, as with the indispensable role of the school and basic science. Last but not least, are the problems of the socio-cultural environment of innovations and their unpredictable consequences. The efficiency and sustainability of the innovation system is directly dependent on the prevailing attitude in society towards unsuccessful attempts to introduce innovations. Negative perception can generate apathy towards innovation at best, and aggression at worst. A calm assessment of failures can be the key to success. The solution of the identified problems – the constraining factors of innovation – is possible with the unidirectional energy of political, economic and research subjects

Results of the First Quarter of Stability with the Crisis Trend 2019: Macroeconomic

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.60-65

Changing of a conjuncture index of “Economic strategy” (CIES) for the first quarter of 2019 is considered. The contribution of indicators of supply and demand in CIES is estimated. The analysis of industrial production is carried out

Statistics as Undervaluated Tool of Strategic Management

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.50-59

Today, serious miscalculations in management are associated with ignoring statistics as a powerful tool that makes it possible in the conditions of unprecedented growth of information flows and, in particular, inadequate information, to fairly and reliably analyze trends and dependencies, as well as predict social and economic phenomena and processes. Moreover, it is necessary to recognize that, at present, the statistical literacy of analyst experts, as well as officials, managers of various levels, politicians and ordinary citizens, is at a level that does not allow to solve topical practical problems of statistical support of management processes, correctly read / interpret statistical information. In this context, it is necessary to pay special attention to the preservation and gradual restoration of statistical education and the image of statistics as a whole

Technological Order VI: the Space of Opportunities

There is much in common between the concepts of “technological order”, “engineering approach”, “mode of production”, “development phase”, “socio-economic formation”. In all cases we are talking about identifying certain successive stages of the civilization evolution, at that analysis is based on the production process. If such a study is retrospective, it undoubtedly refers to Marxist historiosophy and represents a meaningful attempt to give meaning to history. If the analysis has got promising, prognostic character, if it draws new ways of developing society and discusses other types of resources and other geography of conflicts, we are no longer dealing with history and philosophy, but with politics, with the struggle for redistributing markets and highly likely war.

Recombination of Developing Countries’ Debts to Russia: Conversion of Financial Debt in the Long-Term Lease of Property Assets

The article aims to consider the possibilities of handling the developing countries’ debts to Russia. A model for converting financial debt into long-term lease of property assets (territory, water area, etc.) is proposed. Recombination of debts for the long-term lease of territory will allow our country to achieve geostrategic results now or postpone it for the future, when it becomes especially profitable for us. This model of setting off (paying) the debt of the debtor country for Russia’s right to lease a part of the debtor country’s territory for 100 years ahead with exclusive use rights like a special economic zone should protect the interests of Russia and Russian companies, with regard to possible future situations of both peaceful and military character. Experience of the USA, which leased Alaska from the Russian Empire and is still giving it back, confirms the proposed model effectiveness