Model of Assessing the Balance of the Budgets of Subjects of the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.169.2020.24-29

Over the past decade, new trends have emerged, political and technological, which will set the conditions for the development of global economic processes in the near future. Within the framework of the modern paradigm, qualitative economic growth is possible only in the case of large-scale introduction of innovations and digital technologies, which is possible while ensuring macroeconomic stability. The article discusses the issues of quantitative assessment, based on the developed economic and mathematical model, the level of budget balance of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. When forming the model of the category “macroeconomic stability”, the methods of regression, correlation and factor analysis were used. An index method has been used as a quantitative assessment tool. A calculation-experimental method was used to prove the realism of the developed model, and to give a quantitative assessment using examples of constituent entities of the Russian Federation that are part of the Volga and Siberian federal districts. The results obtained develop scientific knowledge in the field of regional economics, and their practical use will allow to purposefully and reasonably solve the problems of regional and leading development management.

Development Strategy for the Unified National Electric Grid (UNEG) on Territories with Decentralized Energy Supply in the Russian Federation

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.169.2020.18-23

The article dwells on the need to develop distribution networks of the Unified National Electric Grid in areas with decentralized energy supply, the authors estimate possible reduction in diesel fuel consumption for electricity generation by diesel power plants (DPP), summarize the existing experience, estimate the installed capacity utilization factor (ICUF) of DPP.

Package Sectoral Order as an Effective Tool for Managing Import Substitution, Development of New Technologies and Energy Modernization

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.169.2020.6-17

Import substitution in the energy sector requires development in Russia of a group of new industries and modernization of existing capacities. That calls for integrating the structures of fundamental and applied science, education, power engineering production, energy generation and electricity transport in the framework of a complete innovation cycle. The key to the problem solution is forming an integrated mechanism for planning and management of scientific-research, power engineering and electric power segments as parts of a single technological chain of work and procurement from basic research to equipment disposal. The R&D result should be a package sectoral order for equipment and technologies — a new planning and coordination tool in the market environment of Russian energy and power engineering. It is proposed to build a new information control loop in the energy sector of Russia to form the basis of a package order within the industry in order to establish medium- and long-term scientific and technical planning for replacing retiring equipment, tracking contracts and monitoring results of their implementation

Tectoeconomics is the Forerunner of All Social Production Economies

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.40-49

Based on elaborated concept of reviving the culture of industrial consumption of resources, an attempt is made to prove the existence of tectoeconomics resulting from tectology — a universal organizational science. Tectoeconomics is understood as the art of conducting business as well as other creative activities based on selection and implementation of decisions to streamline the processes of creating and consuming material and spiritual goods. It is shown that the possibilities for socioeconomic growth should be sought in cultural origins. On the basis of perceptions on tectoeconomics, the author has identified one of the main structural and organizational shortcomings of domestic economy, which does not contain in the trade sphere a specific industrial branch in the form of a system of culture-forming service material centers, eliminating the own procurement production of finished products producers and contributing to intensive growth of the middle class. The article is commemorating the 100th anniversary of publishing the main work of the national thinker, encyclopedic scientist Alexander A. Bogdanov “Tectology. General organizational science”. In the Belarusian magazine OnAir No. 7 (104) 2018, was published an article by N.V. Kostyukovich “Two lives of Alexander Bogdanov”

Alpha Market Strategies, Beta and Gamma in the Context of Theory Economic Dominance

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.50-53

This article attempts to analyze the theory of economic dominance formulated by A.A. Blokhin, I.V. Lomakin-Rumyantsev and S.A. Naumov in the article “Alpha-business in the Russian food market” [1], from the point of view of the market behavior strategy of alpha-, beta- and gamma-businesses in modern Russian conditions

On the Target Orientation of a Regional Strategy for Socio-Economic Development

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.167.2020.6-17

In the second part of the article, as an example of regional strategies of the Vladimir, Kostroma, Irkutsk regions of Russia, Trans-Baikal Territory and St. Petersburg, as well as regional strategies for the Kyzylorda and Akmola regions of Kazakhstan, the author examines the level of social development of the region and assesses its target orientation to improve the welfare of its population. It is concluded that the preservation of the health of the population, especially children and able-bodied citizens, is the highest goal in the field of improving welfare

Developing the Perm Territorial Innovation and Industrial Cluster “Photonics”. Some Results of the Strategic Session

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.167.2020.18-23

On February 22-24, 2019 in the village of Kulikovka, the Perm Territory, on the basis of JSC Perm Scientific Industrial Instrument-Making Company a strategic session aimed at formation of the “Photonics” cluster was held. As a basic concept for the session, the concept of a complete technology package was chosen. As the format of the event was used the format “Strategic Expert Community Ust-Kachka (UK)”, positioned by a number of experts as a new-generation thought factory. The expert pool included leading specialists of the PNPPK, providing operation of the territorial innovation and industrial cluster “Photonics”, representatives of the leading Russian scientific institutions in the field of photonics, representatives of federal authorities responsible for forming sectoral and cluster policies in the Russian Federation, corporate and banking community (VEB), as well as synthetic experts (CC system specialists).

On the Target Orientation of a Regional Strategy for Socio-Economic Development

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.166.2019.6-15

When you get acquainted with regional strategies, you see that their authors usually try to formulate several tasks that cover
all aspects of society. For example, increasing the region’s competitiveness or raising the level of culture, etc. Thus, attention is focused on a number of tasks that are actually subordinate to these two main tasks mentioned above. Each strategy is always focused on improving the living standards of the region’s population. But almost never we see inside the
strategy specific tasks to increase this region’s contribution to socio-economic development of the country. This contribution
doesn’t mean an increase in the specific gravity of the region, for example, in creating the country’s gross domestic product,
but usually it is much higher due to those industries and areas of specialization in which the region plays a major role.
Many consider it extremely important that each of these tasks, which they list in the usual regional strategy, be divided into
subtasks, and those, in turn, into smaller tasks. As a result, several dozen tasks of the region are formulated, which are usually not specifically applied to any large enterprise or organization of this region, but to the activity direction. For example, the task of developing physical education or improving the population’s nutrition, etc. is highlighted.
Such approach in terms of system analysis seems to be very important, but in fact it is quite formal. And this formality tends
to obscure analytics — the main method necessary for serious strategy development. Based on considerable experience in developing strategy of the Russian regions — Vladimir, Kostroma, Irkutsk regions and the Trans-Baikal Territory, St. Petersburg, as well as regional strategies for Kazakhstan — for the Kyzylorda region and the capital Akmola region, the author of the article proposes a methodology for developing the region’s strategy taking into account its contribution into the country’s socio-economic development

In Expectation of Investment Growth

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.166.2019.16-23

At the present moment Russia faces the problem of increasing the economic growth rates to the average world rates. As the country economy was in crisis and post-crises conditions for several years, so the effective measures should be taken in all economic fields. Here, the question of investment activity comes to the fore. In spite of the fastening in economic growth as of 2018 according to the official data, investments in Russia in conditions of a high external and internal uncertainty have not yet recovered to pre-crisis level. The article raises the issue about necessity of creation a conductive investment environment, special measures and programmes orientated on the local and foreign investors which can help to increase the investments volume and quality and to promote Russia’s economic growth

Contemporary Approaches to Economic Stimulation Using Financial Instruments

DOI: 10.33917/es-8.166.2019.24-29

The Russian economy needs in adequate financial policy in the environment when other countries use actively financial stimulation measures, among which are protectionist measures, aimed at the growth of activity and defend of national economy. Contemporary financial protectionist measures often are not subject of international conventions that increase international trade and capital flow transparency. Countries use non-market mechanisms to support their national business in the competitive environment. Such mechanisms entail risks and opportunities for countries, as well as for business (large business in the first place). It’s necessary for Russian regulators to consider thoroughly approaches of other countries and broaden instruments they use