The present article analyzes demographic situation in Moscow. It focuses on such topical demographic problems of the city population as migration, birth rate, marriage, length of life, population aging. The author considers the problem of low birth rate as one of the key ones in demographic development of Moscow, without solution of which in many respects it is impossible to cope with the other demographic problems of the capital, such as depopulation of the indigenous population, deformation of the population age structure, reduction of the traditional marriage value. The article presents statistical data characterizing demographic processes in Moscow, it identifies the main trends, evaluates the consequences.
Convergence of births rate and mortality in recent years has allowed Russia to pass on to the process of increasing the country’s population.
The main reason of the health care crisis is that federal government has actually withdrawn from the responsibility for population health care, shifting it onto regions and municipalities, which do not have sufficient funds for it.