The article proves that industrial enterprises develop most quickly and qualitatively in the presence of modern infrastructure, contributing to reduce time and labor costs. In turn, it is inexpedient to build infrastructure facilities on territories where there are no large industrial companies and their functioning is not expected. Actual examples of interdependent development of industry and the infrastructure sector are given (on the example of the transport sector) and a demonstrative correlation-regression model is constructed.
The article presents analysis results of medium-term economic cycles, calculated on the basis of statistical data of one of the regions of the Russian Federation. For analysis, the average cycles of Simon Kuznets (construction cycles), the small investment cycles of economic activity of Clement Juglar and short business cycles of Joseph Kitchin are taken. Bringing together the graphs of three cycles shows the convergence at the bottom point of three medium-term economic cycles in the period of 2019–2020. A conclusion is made about the need for investment growth in 2018. Also a graph is given with a large cycle of capital accumulation by Giovanni Arrighi, characterizing the cyclical change in the model of world development in connection with transition to a new dominant resource, as a result of which the country — the world leader — changes. Thus, according to J. Arrighi, the American cycle should be replaced by the Asian one, which is why 2018 is designated as the year of beginning of the active phase of the US struggle to maintain its domination. According to the authors, realization of J. Arrighi’s cycle took place meanwhile the center of the world’s money emission was moving following the center of world commodity production. It is concluded that the considered cyclicity will be the background for pursuing the economic policy in the regions of Russia, but will not determine it.
The article dwells on development of renewable energy sources in Germany. The author describes the tools of the FRG energy policy applied to implement projects in the field of renewable energy and analyzes the main problems of renewable energy industry.
The paper examines the condition, problems and prospects of development of Russian pharmaceutical industry. The majority of medicines (82%) produced in Russia are generics. The share of innovative drugs is small — only 18%. The Ministry of health of the Russian Federation plans by the year 2025 to improve this ratio to 35:65. Therefore, the main challenge facing the pharmaceutical industry lies in the active development of innovative medicines and development of the technology of their production. The article studies three major industry issues and solutions to them: shortage of domestic pharmaceutical substances, lack of qualified specialists with modern skills and lack of development of medical products’ domestic production. The article shows that thanks to the timely adoption of the state development strategy “Pharma-2020” (2009) and the Federal target program “Development of pharmaceutical and medical industry for 2013–2020” and their practical implementation, the above-mentioned problems are being successfully resolved. The main conclusion of this paper is that the expansion and technological modernization of the domestic pharmaceutical industry and medical devices’ production is a task of utmost national importance. The contribution of the industry to national GDP today is 1%. However, the potential of the industry is that its share in GDP could grow to 3-5% in the next 10-15 years. In addition, the industry plays an extremely important role in solving social and demographic problems, as well as improving the quality of human capital.
In the article the author addresses the problem of assessing effectiveness of innovation strategies of socially responsible businesses and provides an overview of the most promising and relevant approaches to evaluation. In the author’s field of view there are such approaches as evaluation of stock exchange indices, the status of socially responsible projects in business organizations, non-financial reporting, introduction of KPI indicators in implementation of innovative strategies, monitoring, rational and ethical approaches, as well as the evaluation methods described in the manual by G.F. Ostapenko “Corporate Social Responsibility” and in the article by O.А. Leshchenko “Modern methods of assessing effectiveness of companies activities in the CSR field”.
From the perspective of modern physics, the article aims to describe the economic agent meeting the criteria of homo economicus today and to assess the possibility of creating an economic model with the features of this agent in mind.
The article dwells on some budgeting processes in the industrial enterprise and the degree of participation of thematic units in this procedure, as well as makes a review of available software tools in terms of their functionality. The problematic issues of using existing software for preparing budgets are determined and indicative sections of the interface are presented.
The creation of fertile innovative ecological environment in the country is constrained by barriers of a conceptual nature. The article identifies four groups of such barriers. The authors propose a strategy for overcoming them based on a comparison of functions necessary for the innovative development of social practices and the natural mechanisms of a new life birth. This allows us to formulate a number of pragmatic recommendations for creating an innovative eco-environment for a wide range of industries. By analogy with natural dynamics of obstetrics, the approach is called placental.
Based on the analysis of the main performance indicators of the Russian agro-industrial complex (AIC) in 2016, the authors of the article conclude that the main driver of positive changes in the agro-industrial complex of Russia in recent years are mainly political decisions, and not institutional changes in the agro-industrial complex itself. It is noted that agrarian companies of Russia are evidently missing “capable management”, despite the presence of “very high level of formal education” among agrarian employees, which in turn determines the lack of receptivity in agrarian organizations for innovations, primarily in the sphere of agricultural management. The authors pay attention to the need to increase the “abilities” level of corporate agrarian management by creating in Russia a training system for namely “capable managers” and through forming a forward-looking Russian business culture in educational and agrarian organizations.
This article is devoted to analysis the problems of modeling the development of the energy services market in the Republic of Tatarstan, on the basis of the analysis of the bankruptcy of basis enterprises, considered techniques of the following models: two-factor Altman’s model, five-factor Altman’s model, the model of R. Taffler and G. Tisshaw, Lisa’s model. There were made calculations according to financial indicators for each company, and also there were considered the situation in which the energy service company is (whether bankruptcy is facing or not), there were written conclusions about indefinite situation. The concentration and monopolization of the energy service market in RT was analyzed, and also the state regulations of energy service activity were considered.