Innovative potential of technology (IPT) is a set of single indicators reflecting the ability of a technological system to develop. Analysis allows us to interpret IPT as a characteristic of scientific and technical potential (STP) constituting a small increment of the function that describes the NTP of a technological system or its subsystem for a small predetermined period of time in the vicinity of the considered time point. This idea allows us to estimate the reserves of technology development and outline effective ways for its development.
This article is devoted to the author’s method of competitiveness management at the macro level. The article deals with modern approaches to the establishment of competitiveness factors on the basis of correlation analysis and the introduction of the concept of competitiveness management at the macro level based on the creation of strategic business units. The implementation of these author’s proposals will significantly improve the competitiveness of the machine-building complex of the Republic of Belarus through the use of progressive approaches in management.
The article analyzes implementation of projects by design department of the defence-industrial enterprise. As the main objects of study were chosen: projects (R&D, mass production); design department labour resources, implementing projects; tools for automation of management and implementation planning of the design department’s projects. Based on the assessment results, conclusions were drawn up and recommendations were made on recompensing multiple interrelationships of the head of the design department.
This article presents a multi-factorial regression analysis of budgetary efficiency of the special economic zones functioning in the Russian market. Special economic zones are the current form of public-private partnership in Russia, which has got significant development prospects. Public-private partnership is one of the most important institutions of economic relations between government and business, being among other things one of the key tools for investing into development of the real sector of economy. On the other hand, at present the social and budgetary efficiency of special economic zones in Russia is called into question by the state. Specific factors affecting the efficiency of special economic zones development, as well as their degree of influence, often remain unclear. In this regard, it seems important to study the budgetary efficiency of special economic zones through the prism of specific macroeconomic and specific factors published by the Russian Ministry of Economic Development. The study time frame covers the period of 2012-2016. Based on the results obtained, it seems possible to have more clear and deep understanding of the areas for developing interaction between the state and business in Russia.
Increasing competitiveness of the Russian economy is a strategic task that ensures national security of the country. One of the most important directions of its development is accelerated innovative development of Russia. Foreign experience confirms the high effectiveness of international strategic partnerships while forming a sustainable innovation policy. Creating a system of state regulation of the process of their generation will become a factor of sustainable development of the country’s economy on the basis of state, science and business cooperation. Active development of strategic partnerships based on the EAEU and BRICS requires elaboration of a strategy for developing Russia’s international innovation policy.
The present study examines the causes and consequences of bankruptcy for clients of brokerage companies in Russia, as well as assesses measures taken to overcome the problems of brokerage companies bankruptcy, which actually lead to investors financial ruin. The relevance of the study is based on the need of this issue to be regulated by the state in order to protect the investors’ interests, to develop and stimulate the financial market, and also to increase the level of Russians’ financial literacy. The article identifies the main causes and consequences of brokerage companies’ bankruptcy.
According to the authors, external and internal challenges of Russia, its geopolitical position, as well as Jesuit Wester Russophobia encourage our country to join the group of undisputed leaders of global economic, social and political development. At the same time, preservation of production relations, existing in our socio-economic system now, is a powerful brake on the way of scientific and technological progress and causes significant underdevelopment of the societyэs productive forces. Such a state of productive force does not provide necessary qualitative leap in the social development of Russia and creates unsatisfactory prospects for its safe, sovereign and holistic existence. A systematic approach to the nature and essence of the productive force proves that the main and the single productive force of our society can only be a man, his immediate work. At the same time, the scientific-technological revolution (STR) and the process of conditionally digital socialization (education) are the dominant conditions for effective development of productive force. However, the lack of balance between individuals’ education and upbringing inevitably leads to manifestation of scientific and technical extremism, which can create conditions for destruction of the biosocium itself. One of the main results of scientific-technological revolution is also transformation of scientific and technical production into the first stage of social reproduction, while industrial-manufacturing production is postponed to the second stage. In addition, the key to scientific-technical leap is creating conditions for effective early identification of individuals with the highest level of biological sociality inclinations (with an increased ability to education and training) and their subsequent highly effective socialization (first of all, we are speaking about development of scientific and creative thinking). The main scientific-technical and socio-political condition, providing maximum efficiency of socialization of such individuals and transformation of scientific-technical production into accelerator of social reproduction, is bringing in equivalence production relations and the productive force of society.
The present article dwells on the author’s methodology of managing the competitiveness of a machine-building complex at the micro level, that is, at the enterprise level. According to the author, introduction of new progressive tools and management principles in each particular enterprise will allow not only to increase significantly competitiveness of the machine-building complex as a whole, but also to elaborate successful long-term strategy for the economy development.
Public-private partnership (PPP) is an effective mechanism of interaction between government and business for realization of complex and socially significant projects. The analysis of statistical sources made it possible to draw conclusions about the positive impact of investment in major infrastructure projects on GDP growth in both developing and developed countries. Having analyzed the definitions of PPP from different sources, author has identified the main principles, forms and characteristics of PPP, and suggested his own model of interaction between government and business. In present study special attention is paid to consideration of PPP contribution to the strategic development of key sectors of the economy in the context of transition to the sixth technological order. As a result of the study, perspective points of development of this mechanism in the sphere of high technologies have been formulated.
The possibility of the introduction of appropriate organization of professional retraining and the introduction of information technology structure in the machine-building enterprises. Educational institution is considered as the intellectual element of the logistics chain in vocational education. For the development of fundamentally new technologies proposed organization process reengineering involving professionals with a fundamentally new knowledge. As a criterion of the effectiveness of retraining is considered business income. The conditions to ensure the quality of training, developing strategic direction in improving the capacity of the enterprise. The proposed mechanism has shown the possibility of finding reserves to ensure the preparation of a management efficiency experts with balanced powers and responsibilities of participants in the introduction of new technologies.