Modern features and contradictions of economic security development in Russia

DOI: 110.33917/mic-2.103.2022.98-103

The article deals with the conceptual provisions of Russia’s economic security. The authors analyzed the existing approaches to the definition of the concept of «economic security». It is concluded that social, technogenic, informational and other processes directly affect the provision of economic security of the state. On the example of the situation in Russia, the main areas are identified, the impact on which with the help of economic instruments can cause significant damage to security in the context of the problems of «economic stability» at the national and regional levels. An assessment of the key threats to the economic security of the Russian Federation is given.

References:

1. On the Strategy for the Economic Security of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of May 13, 2017 No. 208 // Collection of Legislation of the Russian Federation. 2017. No. 20, art. 2902.

2. Afontsev S.A. National economic security: on the way to a theoretical consensus //World Economy and International Relations. 2002;10:30-39. (In Russ.).

3. Kuznetsov D.A., Rudenko D.A. System of indicators for evaluating economic security // National interests: priorities and security. 2015;23:59-68. (In Russ.).

4. Neu C.R. and Wolf Ch. The Economic Dimensions of National Security. Santa Monica: RAND, 2014. 269 p.

Use of economic security tools in public institutions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.103.2022.91-97

Economic security is a complex system, since it includes all aspects of management aimed at preventing crises and bankruptcies, as well as other negative phenomena that affect the stability of the state of any economic entity. At the same time, a significant role of economic security belongs to state institutions, which, like commercial ones, conduct their activities in the conditions of instability of the external environment. The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the features of economic security in state institutions, examines the tools that ensure it, identifies the areas of security and their impact on the functioning of modern state institutions. It is concluded that public institutions need to effectively build the system under consideration, which includes personnel, financial, resource and information components.

References:

1. Federal Law «On Security» dated December 28, 2010 N 390-FZ (last edition). URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_108546/

2. Kuznetsova E.I. Economic security: textbook and workshop for universities / M.: Yurayt Publishing House, 2018. 294 p. (In Russ.).

3. Sergeev A.A. Economic security of the enterprise. Moscow: Yurait Publishing House, 2019. 273 p. (In Russ.).

4. Bezverkhova E.N. Economic security of the enterprise: essence and factors [Electronic resource] / E.N. Bezverkhova, I.N. Guba, A.K. Kovaleva // Scientific journal of KubSAU. 2018;104(08). URL: https://kubsau.ru

5. Bogomolov V.A. Economic security / V.A. Bogomolov. – 2nd ed., revised. and additional M.: UNITI-DANA, 2018. 188 p. (In Russ.).

6. Goncharenko L.P. Economic security: textbook. allowance / L.V. Goncharenko, F.V. Akulina. – 2nd ed., revised. and additional M.: Yurait Publishing House, 2018. 340 p. (In Russ.).

7. Zhilov A.P. Features of the formation of a system for ensuring economic security in commercial enterprises // Scientific journal «Socio-economic phenomena and processes». 2018;4(060):63-68. (In Russ.).

8. Mantusov V.B. Economic security: textbook / V.B. Mantusov N.D. Eriashvili. 4th ed., revised. and additional M.: Yurait Publishing House, 2017. 567 p. (In Russ.).

9. Stepichnaya O.A. The main function and threats to the economic security of the enterprise / O.A. Stepichnaya, V.V. Chernova, M.A. Kolesnikova // Scientific journal «Socio-economic phenomena and processes». 2017;9(011):113-125. (In Russ.).

On the question of the development of historical features security services in the state

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.102.2022.113-121

The article discusses the history of the development of security services, defines the first forms of implementation of security functions and their evolutionary changes. The authors proposed a definition of the concept of the security services market, identified the dominant elements of the security services market, which include physical, economic, technical protection and information security. Modern problems of organizing the protection of objects are interconnected with the level of legal awareness, legal culture and law-abidingness, which form the mentality of the nation. The structure of the security services market includes departmental and non-departmental security, as well as private security organizations and civil law institutions of insurance and storage. The functioning of the market of security services in foreign countries is due to the desire of the state to reduce the cost of maintaining the police due to the large number of employees of private security structures, leaving behind a monopoly on security.

References:

1. Agafonov D.V. The history of the creation of private security organizations in Russia // Science-2020. 2020;1 (37):45-49. (In Russ.).

2. Alexandrova T.V. Analysis of the features of the activity of private security organizations in the market of security services in the Perm Territory / T.V. Aleksandrova, E.S. Leiberova // Economics and business: theory and practice. 2021;4-1:27-31. (In Russ.).

3. Blyasova, I.Yu. The problem of family education as a factor in the prevention of juvenile delinquency // Man: crime and punishment. 2012; 2:60-64. (In Russ.).

4. Laws of the Grand Duke Ivan Vasilyevich and the grandson of his tsar Ivan Vasilyevich / ed. K. Kalaidovich, P. Stroev.: Moscow, 1819. URL: https://www.prlib.ru/item/411779

5. History of the Ancient East. Texts and Documents: Textbook. / ed. IN AND. Kuzishchina. – Moscow: Higher School, 2002. P. 167-190. (In Russ.).

6. Monuments of Roman law: Laws of 12 tables. Guyanese Institutions. Digests of Justinian. Moscow: 3ertsalo, 1997. 608 p. (In Russ.).

7. Manual for the study of Russian Truth / ed. M.N. Tikhomirov. Moscow: Moscow University Publishing House, 1953. 192 p. (In Russ.).

8. Russian legislation of the X-XX centuries: In 9 volumes. Volume 1. Legislation of Ancient Russia / ed. V. L. Yanin. Moscow: Legal Literature, 1984. 430 p. (In Russ.).

9. Code of Laws of the XV-XVI centuries / ed. B. D. Grekov. Moscow: Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1952. 619 p. (In Russ.).

10. Reader on the General History of State and Law: In 2 volumes / ed. K. I. Batyr and E. V. Polikarpova. Moscow: Jurist, 1996. T. 1. 391 p. (In Russ.).

Countering market manipulation in the system of ensuring the economic security of the stock market

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.99.2021.94-103

Representatives of various objects of the country’s economy participate in the system of ensuring the economic security of the stock market. First of all, these are the control bodies of the exchanges – the organizers of trades, where dubious transactions are revealed. Specialists of the Department of Counteraction to Unfair Practices of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation carry out checks on the revealed violations and make a decision on bringing the culprit to administrative responsibility or transferring the materials of the check to law enforcement agencies according to their jurisdiction. Among unfair practices, the most common speculative phenomenon is market manipulation, the public danger of which is to cause significant harm to the interests of citizens and legal entities, society and the economy as a whole, undermining the confidence of investors and trading participants in organized financial and commodity markets, worsening conditions for investment and trade in them, hindering their effective development and strengthening international competitiveness.

Facility approach in the complex of the methodological bases in the sphere of economic security

Based on the analysis of economic theory and practice, it is concluded that the need for the study of specific objects in the totality of their properties, including to ensure effective economic security, is increasing. In order to deepen the methodological base of such concretization, an object approach is proposed, its potential for the theory and practice of economic systems management and the protection of their economic security is analyzed.

Geopolitics, Geostrategy and Geoeconomics: Reflections on the Changing Force Factors in the International System

DOI: 10.33917/es-3.169.2020.30-41

Beginning the article with reminding some basic definitions of geopolitics, correlation of spatial and temporal components herein as well as the systemic nature of geopolitics as a science and the basis for a long-term political strategy, the author proceeds to the topic of relationship between geopolitics and geoeconomics, particularly significant in recent decades. He puts forward the idea that geoeconomics today is an increasingly dynamic and actively driving element in this dyad due to growing technological innovations, increasing competition and subsequent rising complexity of economic strategies of states. Based on well-known examples of economic and political outcomes of applying the state capitalism models or liberal economy, in particular, in the countries that have undergone a radical breakdown of their former economic systems (Russia is also briefly mentioned in this context), the author concludes that it is necessary to form a strategic state, able to develop a sustainable mechanism (including economic intelligence) for development and implementation of national geoeconomics. To support the provisions put forward in the article, the author, as an independent expert, gives a broad outline of geopolitical and geoeconomic shifts in the world in the coming decades.

To the question of a new economic security paradigm in the conditions of globalization

This article shows the main aspects that characterize global tendencies in economic security. The relationship of national economic security and international trade is shown. The issue of applying trade protection measures in order to ensure national economic security is touched. The influence of global and regional integration processes, as well as scientific and technological progress on ensuring national security is presented. The role of the trade status of each state didn’t go unnoticed. The new paradigm must take into account such a factor as the development of the global computer network “Internet”. An important element of a systemic nature in the new paradigm of economic security is the problem of limited resources and environmental pollution. An essential scientific result of the article is the identification and analysis of the impact of globalization processes on economic security.

Economic and Mathematical Modeling of Russia’s Economic Security in the Period Under Sanctions

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.32-39

For the study, the time period of introducing economic sanctions against the Russian Federation was selected. In consideration are taken the data of Rosstat in terms of finding the values of indicators of our state’s economic security (2013–2017). A correlation and regression analysis of this system, consisting of 15 indicators, was carried out. An economic-mathematical model of the sanctions impact on the economic security of Russia was compiled. To solve this problem, the authors used a correlation-regression analysis, the regression equation was found and statistical significance of the constructed model was substantiated. The findings were recommended to specialists in the sphere of improving the state’s economic security

Strategy of Knowledge Systemogenesis in Managing Economic Security of the Socio-Economic System

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.167.2020.136-143

The article presents a new vision for solving the problem of managing economic security of the socio-economic system in the context of a developing knowledge economy through the strategy of systemogenesis for labor activity knowledge. The strategy of knowledge systemogenesis allows to see the labor activity of the socio-economic system holistically, taking into account possible alternatives and evaluating these alternatives in the context of formalized systems and subsystems of subjects’ labor actions. The strategy is focused on maximizing utility of the consumed knowledge of labor actions in the face of an ever-increasing amount of knowledge and differentiating its quality in the sense of utility. This allows to manage the economic security of socio-economic system by optimizing the total and marginal utility of the knowledge consumed in your own systems and in competing with respect to the subject of management ones, as well as to protect own interests in a developing knowledge economy from the control effects of competing management entities

 

Methodological Approaches to Effective Implementation of Strategic Import Substitution Programs

#7. Foresight Boom
Methodological Approaches to Effective Implementation of Strategic Import Substitution Programs

The relevance of the study is based on the need to minimize the damage caused by the sanctions imposed on the country’s economy and to provide the economic growth of economic entities in this context. The purpose of the article is to develop a set of theoretical and methodological approaches to efficient implementation of import substitution programs in the radio electronic industry in the long run. Leading methods in studying this problem were the methods of factors analysis, organizational modeling, system analysis, innovation theory and enterprise economics, which allowed to reveal key contradictions of state policy in the sphere of import substitution in the radio electronic industry. As a result of the study, the original system of criteria was developed, as well as the fundamental management model taking into account the domestic economy’s ability to implement systematic management of competitive import substitution. Materials of the article can be useful for developing new and improving existing methods of regulating relations that arise between entities carrying out activities in the sphere of import substitution, as well as between organizations that are part of the infrastructure supporting the above activity, and public authorities when forming and implementing the corresponding industrial policy.