The "Economic Strategies" journal

2020 #7. 2020 Deficit of the Plan? Or Market Deficit?

On Forming the Ideology of Transition to a New World Economic Order in Russia and the EAEU

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.46-61

The formation of a new — integral-world economic order imposes increased requirements on the quality of the ideological basis of large-scale socio-economic transformations. This basis, by the very nature of the new world economic order, cannot sow antagonism, it is intended to harmonize the divergent interests of the government and society on the basis of national creative development goals

War and World: Analysis of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Terms of Hybrid War. Psychoevotional Factors and Psychomatic Medicine in Combating SARS-CoV-2

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.62-69

The article provides a systematic analysis of the experience of the COVID-19 pandemic in the context of the theory of hybrid warfare, identifies the factors of psycho-emotional impact on citizens and society of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The author has formed a hypothesis of the specific influence of the psychoemotional factor in the context of a hybrid war on the example of the COVID-19 pandemic on a global scale, country, society, person; the key directions for preparing the Russian control system for “viral” crises (“second wave”, pandemic, biological warfare, etc.) are highlighted. The critical importance of the integrity of approaches to a person in medicine, an interdisciplinary approach not only to diagnosis, but also to treatment, rehabilitation, accompanying patients and their families — these are new social values

“Black Dragon” and Management Problems

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.70-81

The coronavirus pandemic this year has become one of the main topics on the world agenda and is now being analyzed from different angles — biological, medical, economic, political, social, historical. But another aspect to take into account is administrative, since this virus has infected not only individuals but also society, government and business systems. The pandemic is very complex, large-scale and multidimensional and, as is well known, it is hard to control the increasing difficulty and uncertainty, especially when the time factor is involved. There is a principle in methodology: if a problem identified at a certain level of the system’s complexity is not solved by means of the same level, then you need to rise to a higher level. In other words, it is necessary to rise to the metalevel, and this is where the problems of public administration and management are identified, and they are two-sided. The first one is practical — what to do and how to manage the unfolding processes to minimize damage to people, economy and society, what strategy to develop for recovery from this pandemic and how to implement it. This is a focus of everyone’s attention now, but it is too early to fully assess the effectiveness of various current measures and strategies, especially given the new wave of the pandemic. The second side — theoretical — how this problem can be viewed conceptually through the prism of changing the paradigm of the society existence and the paradigm of management. The present article deals with some fundamental aspects of the latter aspect of the problem.

Identifying Leaders in the Major Production Groups

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.92-98

The article dwells on the possibilities and features of methods and mechanisms tested at the program for identifying leaders of labour collectives

Existential Necessity for Dominance of the “Quality” Category in Socio-economic Development of the Russian Federation as Part of the Global Anthropogenic World

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.100-109

The evolution of man-made technological society to the scale of the global system has changed the whole nature of social reproduction. The modern global biosocium “rests” on the quasi-closure of the main subsystems of our planet — the biosphere and planetary matter, their quantitative limitations. It is impossible to remove (resolve) this contradiction under the dominance of the category “quantity”, in the conditions of the promoted flywheel of the consumption society. The aggregate “amount” of public reproduction already crosses the boundary of the category “measure”. Therefore, the development of the global technological biosocium (noosphere), its relationship with the biological and basic planetary subsystems enters the zone of existential bifurcation, in which the likelihood of the appearance of the effect of a “butterfly” capable of destroying all humanity increases sharply. The authors justify the acute existential need for the priority of the “quality” paradigm in the social reproduction of the Russian Federation by its special position in the global world, the bifurcation state of the entire anthropogenic technological civilization and the socio-biological nature of man.

The Problem of Unemployment in the Digital Economy

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.110-117

The article analyzes a special type of unemployment, the occurrence of which is associated with the development of the digital economy. Shown are the main problems that digital can bring to social life and the fate of an individual worker. Chief among these problems is that with the further digital transformation of the economy, more and more jobs may be threatened with extinction, and the disappearance of old jobs this time will not be accompanied by the emergence of new ones. A situation may arise when workers released due to digitalization will become not only unemployed, but also generally inoperable. A global question arises — what to do with those who do not work, and how to support them? It also examines the related measures of population regulation and global mechanisms for managing demographic processes.

Strategy of a Legal Framework Formation in the Field of Determining Liability for the Harm Caused by Technologies with the Use of Artificial Intelligence Elements

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.118-124

In the modern world, introduction of technologies with the elements of artificial intelligence into all spheres of life is developing rapidly, significantly ahead of the development of legislation. In this regard, the problem of determining liability for the harm caused by the use of such technologies arises. The problem can be solved by creating a comprehensive strategy for the development of the legal field in this area and bringing the current legislation to the level of information-oriented Society 5.0, the concept of which assumes technical breakthrough in the field of cyber technologies. The aim of this research is to analyze current situation in the field of legal regulation of liability for the harm caused by technologies with the elements of artificial intelligence and to determine the strategy for the formation of legal framework in this field. In the first part of the article the analysis of the current legal situation on the basis of scientific developments in this area is carried out, as well as the solutions proposed by the strategy for the development of artificial intelligence technologies as the basis for the formation of the legal framework are shown. The second part of the article is devoted to the strategy of a legal framework formation in the field of determining responsibility for the use of technologies with the elements of artificial intelligence. In conclusion it is said that the strategy under consideration can be realized by developing a set of measures aimed at implementing the provisions that define responsibility for the use of technologies with elements of artificial intelligence into current legislation.

Prospects of Сreating Аloating Solar Power Plants in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.126-135

Technologies for converting solar energy into electrical energy are constantly improved, new methods of using solar energy are emerging in order to increase efficiency and save space. One of such methods is application of special buoyancy modules and restraints systems for installing solar power plants in water basins. The main technologies and operation principle of floating solar power plants (SPP) are described. Advantages and disadvantages of using floating solar power plants in comparison with ground-based solar power plants are listed and substantiated. Assessment of potential of installing floating SPP at hydroelectric power plants (HPP) in Russia is given. Prospects for the use of floating SPP in open water areas are discussed and  examples of such projects are listed

Development of Services Export to European Countries in the Paradigm of Value Chains on the Example of Event Tourism in Moscow

DOI: 10.33917/es-7.173.2020.136-143

The article examines application of the value-added chains paradigm to developing services exports. The author analyses development strategy for the export of services until 2025 and the possibility of applying the value chains paradigm when forming measures and planning activities. On the example of the event tourism development, the author identifies value chains of an integrated service with the value proposition “Russia (Moscow) is the best place to celebrate the New Year in Europe” and its provision with tools and support measures