The article deals with foreign standards of valuation: international valuation standards, European valuation standards, as well as American, British and Japanese. Three models of valuation activities regulation are presented: public model, social and cooperative model (state and public control). Advantages and disadvantages of international valuation standards are formulated. At the same time, the content, composition and structure of international valuation standards can be useful for creating Russian evaluation standards and for developing the system of uniform valuation standards of the Eurasian Economic Union countries.
A series of permanent and severe crises in Russia requires radically reform the liberal model of an open economy. The methodological basis of the analysis provides the basic theses, terms and principles of philosophy of Russian traditionalism and the modern Russian scientific tradition. Russia as the Russian Eurasia is developing on the basis of the principle of collectivism, which is the key methodological principle — the principle of methodological collectivism. The article emphasizes that the economy in traditional society is a utility area and is considered as part of the culture, a part of the whole social and living organism. Thus culture is considered as an important intangible resource of economic development, and public dynamics stands out as the social and cultural dynamics. This study allows to determine the methodological foundations of a new economic doctrine for Russia. Our ideal is a model of a just and solidarity society. We can confront the U.S. as a global Empire of evil, countering it the brotherhood of Nations, intergenerational solidarity and the higher justice.
Given the recent economic situation in Russia, occurred due to the fall in oil prices and sanctions restrictions it can be concluded that in the foreseeable future, most of Russia’s budget revenues will amount to non-oil revenues. In this connection it is necessary to create conditions for improving competitiveness of the domestic industry and its diversification. This problem cannot be solved without government assistance. The article discusses one of the most important measures of the state support for industrial investment projects implementation — Projects Financing Program (RF Government Resolution of October 11, 2014 № 1044). The article presents detailed specifications, conditions, advantages and disadvantages, as well as results of the Projects Financing Program functioning in 2015. Special attention is paid to describing selection procedures of investment projects and principals with timelines and performance characteristics of each of its stages. Based on the analysis of key aspects of projects selection and funding within the Projects Financing Program a number of recommendations for stakeholders of this process is formulated.
The course of artificial intelligence development in the XXI century in the context of formation of new technological modes and post-nonclassical management paradigm can be forecasted based on analysis of its many-sided and thorny historical retrospective. This way, of course, is not assured from unexpected traps. However, they can be avoided by finding new solutions in unfamiliar spaces for modeling, based on other approaches to solving complex problems and semantic interpretation of data by synthesizing for these innovations still unknown materials for computer memory and processors.
This article analyzes government programs as a major tool to improve the efficiency of budget spending. The author proposes specific measures to improve the system of evaluating effectiveness of the government programs in the budget process.
The article shows that in applied problems of multicriteria selection it isn’t necessary any more to formalize criterion mathematically as a function. It can be defined by means of verbal language as the name of significant feature of selection option. It is possible to use criteria, understood as a function, in fundamental research. Moreover, specifics of multicriteria selection as scientific-applied direction is disclosed: it is shown that it is not reduced to optimization theory as such.
The article focuses on the problems of improving domestic economic policy of Russia. According to the authors, in the coming decades possibility of embedding our economy into the world economy on acceptable to us terms is practically excluded. This necessitates the formation of an internal integrated economic system (IES) corresponding both to external realities and to objectives of emerging social state. At the same time the IES construction should begin with formation of the enterprise share capital as the basis of an integrated economic system. We believe that during formation of the enterprises share capital and the IES such structure forming principles should be considered as democratic centralism and centralized democracy (some combination of centralized and decentralized fundamentals). The article also discusses some issues of education, enterprises functioning and management with regard to the new principles of corporatization.
The article presents an original concept of the economy structural development. As methodology is used the concept of cluster development, worked out by the author, and the principle of subsidiarity, which gets a new interpretation in the framework of this concept. Analyzing structural development of the property management system, the author shows that structural development of the economy is associated with transition from property management models, based either on the unified property mobilization (public ownership and state management) or on the specified property mobilization (individual-public property, private property) to models based on cluster-oriented, unified-specified property mobilization. The article proves that transition from the current hierarchical property cluster to subsidiarycluster property mobilization is the main condition for sustainable economic growth.
Comparative analysis of approaches to the indicative assessment of scientific workers efficiency in academic and industrial institutions and educational organizations is held.
The purpose of the article is to justify theoretically the possibility of achieving the maximum social efficiency of public spending, investment and taxes in perfect balanced open economic system. Ideally, the proposed model ( “zero losses” of public spending and investment social efficiency) can always lead to the maximum possible rate of economic growth, which allows to substantiate the main directions of the appropriate macroeconomic (financial, tax and fiscal) policy.