Methodological Aspects of Developing and Evaluating Efficiency of Software Products in Industrial ACS

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.134-141

This paper discusses key methodological aspects of the evaluation of the effectiveness of software products sold in automated control systems (ACS) of industrial production. The author examines the main factors that most significantly affect the efficiency of the software products. Given and methodologically grounded three chosen based on our analysis of the criteria to assess their effectiveness, depending on the goals.

Managing Student Performance Potential in the Face of Constant Change

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.126-133

At the university, undergraduate and graduate students not only develop their creative abilities, master the profession, and learn to cooperate, but also internalize eternal values, ideals, and find the meaning of life. How university can help them unlock potential, find a vocation in the face of constant change? This study aims to shed light on both university environment and its spirit, where students’ personalities, abilities, and motivation became the basis for building educational trajectories. Using case-study as a research framework, we received insights into studying satisfaction and life-purpose orientations of undergraduate students. The findings indicate the need to pay closer attention to first-year students, since their attitudes and deep development motivation are formed at this very educational stage. We propose to use the early differentiation of educational trajectories, which will help preserve and increase the university potential.

Human Capital as a Factor of Economic Development

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.120-125

In the modern economy, an important role in providing sustainable development of an enterprise, a state and the world have got not only financial indicators, but also non-financial ones, especially human capital. The article dwells on the theories of human capital, their implementation in the third world countries and identifies directions for human capital development in these countries. In addition, the article analyzes the significance of human capital development for building an innovative society

Corporate Transparency Rating of the Largest Russian Companies for July-August 2019: Regular Bulletin

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.108-113

Corporate transparency research is being conducted by the Russian Regional Integrated Reporting Network (RRS) since 2013 and is a public initiative of the professional community. The research objectives include: forming an idea of the state and dynamics of corporate transparency of the largest Russian companies, identifying best practices of corporate transparency, such as disclosing information through public reporting mechanisms, compiling a rating and sub-ratings of corporate transparency. More detailed information on the methodology is presented in the Regulation on the study “Corporate transparency of the largest Russian companies” [1].

Modern Problems of Managing International Reserves in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.100-107

Significant volumes of the gold and foreign exchange reserves determines the high importance of taking well-based decisions in the process of managing reserves. While maintaining the overall set-up for implementing conservative strategy of reserves management, investing part of the funds in more risky financial instruments may increase profitability without risking macroeconomic stability and loss of reserves

Innovation Development of Russia: Problem-Based Approach

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.90-99

Innovative development is a strategy for creating a new technological and social structure. The implementation of this agenda requires the solution of a complex of problems created by the phenomenon of innovation. The article identifies seven problem areas that impede the formation of a sustainable innovation system in modern Russia. The problem of definitions is associated with a lack of understanding of the deep essence of the innovation culture, which gives rise to a superficial understanding of innovation only as a commercialized innovation, and not as a way of life. The problem of operationalization and evaluation of innovations is associated with the dominance of technocratic and statistical approaches, which leads to linear conclusions and forms a biased picture of the development potential of Russia. The problem of spontaneity of innovation and the focus solely on the investment aspects of innovation policy can turn into significant financial losses and a decrease in the creative potential of people involved in certain branches of science and economics. The problem of the subject forms the wrong idea of innovation as an exclusive product of individual creativity, while they are the result of complex social interaction. The problem of the institutional environment is associated not so much with incubators, venture funds, technology parks and research laboratories, as with the indispensable role of the school and basic science. Last but not least, are the problems of the socio-cultural environment of innovations and their unpredictable consequences. The efficiency and sustainability of the innovation system is directly dependent on the prevailing attitude in society towards unsuccessful attempts to introduce innovations. Negative perception can generate apathy towards innovation at best, and aggression at worst. A calm assessment of failures can be the key to success. The solution of the identified problems – the constraining factors of innovation – is possible with the unidirectional energy of political, economic and research subjects

The Ability of Living Economically: Problems of Economic Growing

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.82-89

The changes observed in the Russian economy in recent years are mainly of a formal conjunctural nature and do not allow us to say that deep qualitative changes are really taking place. Therefore, the most important strategic task for Russia remains the movement to economic growing through the formation of a self-sufficient, self-replicating national economy with its own face, focusing on domestic resources and maintaining healthy relationships with the rest of the world. The quality of this movement, as well as any development, largely depends on the ability to understand their real current economic opportunities and the real speed of transformation.

Science in the Period of “Re-Quantization of Reality” and Information-Cognitive Mechanisms of Social Destruction

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.70-81

The article opens a new cycle of works devoted to the development of scientific methodology of functional systems for the study of the phenomenon of “reality re-quantization”: a sharp increase in the level of complexity of all system constructions — as the main property in their “work against entropy”. According to S.P. Kurdyumov, S.P. Kapitse and A.D. Panov, the “mode of operation with exacerbation” observed in social systems is due to the change of self-similar attractors — when they begin to be regulated not only by the past, but also by the “absolute future”. The authors postulate that the dominant regulator in the future cycle of development of system constructions are moral and ethical constructs created by people as subjects of singularity, which determine the possibility of social systems to “work against entropy” in even more complex forms and manifestations: namely, through science, education and upbringing — project and consciously. As an example of the study of destructive social phenomena of a higher level of complexity, the “Schr dinger War” is considered, in which the “meaning” of social events is controlled through a superposition — through its interpretation imposed from a higher level of system organization using the technologies of the global digital platform.

Where are You Going, Russia?

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.58-69

To answer the question “Whither goest thou, Russia?”, the authors analyzed the period of the neoliberal reformation in the social and economic aspects. They summed up the political confrontation that had taken place in the “tumultuous” 1990s and identified the main trends towards the integral development of the Russian Federation for the near to medium terms. A situation that first occurred in the country, when the systems scientific and mental approaches are not in the binary opposition, but they are interacting research technologies, holds out hope for a success in studying the complicated actors of social life. In the authors’ opinion, for Russia’s successful development one can need a sovereignty of the State and society, to support creative directions in the intellectual sphere, to return the masses to active politics and to restore a direct and honest dialogue between the Government and civil society, otherwise there would be no way to save a considerable stratum of the population from a metacognitive bias with regard to their hope for a social and just transformation of society