The "Economic Strategies" journal

2019 #3. Principle and Compromise




Features of Formation and Development of the Methodology of Evaluating the Cost of Vital Cycles in the Russian Economy

The importance of the formation and development of the life cycle cost assessment methodology in the Russian economy is determined by the need to supplement the practice of valuation activity with its new variety — assessment of the life cycles of goods, works, services or systems of a technical or production-economic nature. The analysis showed that in the valuation activity it is necessary to use not only traditional types of values, such as market, liquidation, investment and cadastral, but also a new type of value — life cycle assessment for total costs, estimation of cost of ownership, as well as assessment of the value of contracts for life cycles. The actualization of the life cycle value assessment as a special type of valuation activity is associated with the development of the global economic trend of managing goods based on their presentation as life cycles. Summing up the value of the goods in exchange with their value in use, it is possible at a certain period of ownership to obtain the integral value of the cost of the life cycle or cost of ownership. The aim of the study is to summarize the domestic experience and features of its development in relation to the use of the methodology for assessing the cost of life cycles as a special direction of valuation activity in the Russian economy, taking into account the review of foreign analysis in this area. The research methods were used in the form of a set of interrelated methodological approaches based on expert assessments, retrospective analysis, forecasting, comparative, cost and income assessment methodologies, economic and mathematical modeling, as well as logical, technical, economic and situational analysis. The article summarizes the results in the field of the genesis of valuation activity in the domestic economy regarding the cost modeling of life cycles, highlighting the main stages of their development. A review of the main existing methods for estimating total costs is given and their characteristics are given. Shown excursion assessment in a foreign economy. Debatable questions of the methodical modeling of the valuation of life cycles and life cycle contracts have been disassembled and highlighted

Appraisal Market Awaits Transformation

Irina Komar, Managing Partner of Professional Assessment Group LLC, Vice President of the Union “Federation of Specialists Appraisers”
SRO, member of the Council for Appraisal Activities at the RF Ministry for Economic Development, MRICS, in her interview with the ES magazine told about the most important legislative changes in appraisal activities.

Attention: Search for SBI!

In 2019, Russia is undergoing a global transformation of the procedure for challenging the cadastral value used by property owners to reduce taxes. As of mid-April, the pre-trial challenge procedure does not work de facto in the country

Soviet Science Titans

In August 2019, we will celebrate the 85th anniversary from the birth of one of the Soviet science titans, academician Yury Anatolyevich Ovchinnikov, who played a decisive role in development of Russian bioorganic chemistry, physical and chemical biology and biotechnology. And in February, the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry named after M.M. Shemyakin and Y.A. Ovchinnikov, which had been headed by Yury Anatolyevich for 18 years, celebrated its 60th anniversary. These anniversary dates are the reason to look back and to pay tribute to the memory of an amazing person whose deeds and accomplishments were future-oriented.

The Social State as a Platform for Re-Quantization of Reality

The article continues the cycle of works studying the “crisis of crises” of the human population, caused by the “re-quantization of reality” — transition from obsolete forms of zoopopulation to the new psychosocial formation. The first part of the paper [1] has analyzed objective and subjective factors that prevent humanity from perceiving the image of a bright future at the moment of “reality re-quantization” — the quantum transition from outdated forms of zoopopulation to the new psychosocial formation: a sharp increase in the complexity level of all systemic constructions, including society, as well as attempts to preserve the obsolete global world order and stagnation of the mankind development through various methods of social destruction. As an answer to specific Russian question “what to do?” the authors suggest obvious things: revival and transition to the dominance of higher forms of motivation, development of moral and ethical qualities as respective anti-entropic factors and closing technologies as the highest form of the population livelihood — all the above on the social state platform

Persistent Informationless Classification in the Post-Industrial War and Management of Production Competitiveness

In the works [1–3] it was shown that the ultimate goal of the post-industrial war is to establish (by violent means) exclusive control over evolution direction and speed of a local or global human population. But all such impacts can only be of clandestine nature, eliminating or impeding as much as possible identification of such war waging and its source. In other words, the key component of the post-industrial war management is creation of robust cryptological protection for the fighting parties. The article is dedicated to this problem, being the fourth in a series of publications on the topic “The purpose and nature of post-industrial war” [1, 2, 4, 5]. It is significant that since all the topics of the above series are based on the concept of a post-digital society [6], the stable cryptological protection, which will be discussed below, should also be non-digital, or rather non-informational, as the basis of a non-digital image of the future is analogue synchronization of states with application of the media wave properties. This generally does not require the creation of a management system based on the information parcels exchange [6]

Recombination of Developing Countries’ Debts to Russia: Conversion of Financial Debt in the Long-Term Lease of Property Assets

The article aims to consider the possibilities of handling the developing countries’ debts to Russia. A model for converting financial debt into long-term lease of property assets (territory, water area, etc.) is proposed. Recombination of debts for the long-term lease of territory will allow our country to achieve geostrategic results now or postpone it for the future, when it becomes especially profitable for us. This model of setting off (paying) the debt of the debtor country for Russia’s right to lease a part of the debtor country’s territory for 100 years ahead with exclusive use rights like a special economic zone should protect the interests of Russia and Russian companies, with regard to possible future situations of both peaceful and military character. Experience of the USA, which leased Alaska from the Russian Empire and is still giving it back, confirms the proposed model effectiveness

Analysis of the Agents’ Features Influence on the Optimal Pricing in Bilateral Market

The article presents an analysis of foreign studies on bilateral markets and review of works dedicated to research of the optimal pricing principles and assessment of the influence of the agents’ features on the intermediary firm behaviour. The core article, “Platforms Competition in the Bilateral Market”, written by Jean-Charles Roche and Jean Tirol, was published in 2003. Basic models were dedicated to analyzing the influence of the demand elasticity and the magnitude of the network external effect on the optimal pricing of an intermediary firm. In process of enriching scientific understanding of the fundamentals of bilateral markets functioning, attention was focused on analyzing the influence exerted by various types of agents’ expectations or by the presence of loyal agents in the group. In addition, in the course of work, it was concluded that the main decision, in terms of the pricing structure, that the intermediary company needs to take, is the division of agents into a subsidized group and an exploited group