The "Economic Strategies" journal
The area of scientific focus of academician L.A. Ilyin — radiation medicine and radiation protection. According to his ideas and with his direct participation, medical-biological facilities and special systems of protection against one of the nuclear weapons types have been developed. Veteran of special risk units, from the first days after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant he was in the center of damage, was one of the scientific leaders that headed medical-biological and hygienic work aimed at mitigating the disaster consequences, was taking responsible decisions on the strategy and tactics of protecting the liquidators and the population. Leonid Andreevich Ilyin is the first scientist in the world who developed and substantiated the forecast of radiological consequences of this catastrophe, later confirmed by leading foreign and domestic experts. And furthermore Leonid Andreyevich is a man with an incredibly young, perky smile, lively eyes and memory that stores many amazing details which have already become history today. What lessons we need to draw, why nuclear powers are particularly accountable to humanity and what are the secrets of active longevity — our conversation dwells on all this.
2000s and 2010s are usually called “transition period”. On the one hand, during this time we observe the strengthening of the international cooperation actively being started with reforms under the rules of the G20 as the response to the intensification of global financial system’s development internal contradictions and the emergence of global economic crisis. On the other hand, these years are characterized by an increased level of conflicts manifested in the vigorous and collective application of sanctions and the declaration of trade wars. The subject of the article is especially relevant for Russia having been already sanctioned for 5 years. The purpose of this research is to analyze the impact of sanctions on the target economy. The paper provides a brief description of the existing sanctions against Russia since 2014. The second part of research is devoted to the identification of conditions for the effectiveness of economic sanctions. The third section includes the analysis of the negative sanction effect’s reasons and evidence. Finally we provide arguments in favor of real and potential opportunities for Russia to obtain economic benefits from the sanctions. In 2014–2016 we observed the negative effect of economic sanctions expressed in the form of losses and lost profits and caused as logical consequence of Russian economy’s development features. There are preconditions for creating a positive effect from sanctions — an impulse that can bring Russian economic system to a qualitatively new stage of growth. These positive trends need to be developed and sustained by domestic government support.
The article discusses some aspects of the federal budget of the Russian Federation, which was adopted by the State Duma in November 2018. It is noted that parameters incorporated into the budget in conditions of economy stagnation are unlikely to stimulate growth.
Changing of a conjuncture index of “Economic strategy” (CIES) for the first nine months of 2018 is considered. The contribution of indicators of supply and demand in CIES is estimated. The analysis of industrial production is carried out.
The world economy is a dynamically developing system, where various processes continuously take place, being connected both with interaction and with opposition of the various participants’ interests in the context of globalization, regionalization, economic integration and competition. Today, under the effect of both objective and subjective factors, the environment itself has changed, the course of processes taking place there has changed. As a result, the world economy is undergoing complex transformations and humanity is going through a civilizational crisis. The world is entering a phase of turbulence, chaos, instability and uncertainty. No single country, including developed ones, can yet offer a way out of this phase. Due to disharmony in relationship between scientific-technological progress and spiritual development of mankind, the world is on the threshold of a global catastrophe. This situation has caused a complex problem that we plan to solve on the basis of a scientific approach. We believe that the main reason for violating the right course of events, processes and phenomena lies in the imperfect system of governing society, the state and the world development as a whole. The management system has left the natural path of development, has abandoned the canons of the Universe and the all-round laws of the Universe. Building on new knowledge, theories, concepts and technologies, it is necessary to create such a system of planning and management that will ensure safety and harmonious development of the system “nature – society – man”.
The article discusses the introduction of digital technologies in the military-industrial complex (MIC). Digital technologies ensure sustainable development and a significant increase in the efficiency of high-tech and high-tech production. The article deals with the problems and basic requirements for the digital production of weapons, military and special equipment, analyzed the depth of penetration of digital technologies in the production processes of the defense industry of Russia, identified promising areas of digitalization of production, considered issues of information security, formulated proposals to address the problems of implementation of digital technologies in the defense industry.
The article analyzes the Russian higher education system as an essential part of the “soft power” of Russia’s foreign policy. A comparison is made of the youth potential contingents in the CIS countries in the context of demographic aging. The role of Rossotrudnichestvo in the policy of the Russian language spreading in the post-Soviet space is considered. The authors conclude that Russia is interested in attracting foreign youth to Russian universities and claim the lack of an adequate state policy; they suggest measures to radically change the situation with foreign students’ education in Russian universities.
The article analyzes a new phenomenon — globalization of financial-economic regulation being implemented by G20, the IMF and the World Bank. This concept, proposed by the author, is wider than interstate financial regulation and is motivated by the new assessment of financial risks as a component of macroeconomic regulation and micro-prudential supervision as a result of the global crisis. The author substantiates a conclusion about effectiveness of the BRICS countries’ participation in globalization of financial-economic regulation on a national basis in the IMF framework and within the World Bank Group (WB), that are reforming the Jamaica world monetary system. Proposed are measures for developing partnership of the BRICS countries in order to increase their representation and role in these global institutions and in creating a new world monetary system.