Currently, problems in the system of economic management have reached the level where a global shift has become objectively inevitable. Implementation of digital economy in terms of public administration and control activities through developing scientific principles in conjunction with situation analysis will provide an opportunity to solve these problems in order to ensure increase in real incomes of Russian citizens. The present article deals with creating a digital economy methodology in the real sector of economy for developing a digital system for economic activity management
The authors considered some aspects of the development of artificial intelligence (AI), the possibility of the emergence of artificial intelligence and the transfer of consciousness to a new substantive carrier as one of the goals of the transhumanism movement. It is shown that the basis for the development of artificial intelligence is formalized (mathematical) logic, while the activity of the human mind (organic unity of consciousness, subconscious and unconscious), the logic of its functioning can not be mathematical formalization. In this regard, the authors believe that the most promising is the concentration of scientific efforts in research on the development of superintelligence. In this case, perhaps the most effective may be artificial intelligent systems that use a set of hybrid mathematical logic
In order to monitor the state of industrial production and to build a system of industry balances, on request of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, the State Industry Information System (SIIS) was created, which became a new tool for providing services for all subjects of industrial activity — from enterprises and industry experts to federal executive bodies. It contains information on the current state and forecasts on the Russian industry development, current state programs and priority projects, the nomenclature and production volumes of the main types of industrial products. The main peculiarities of SIIS introduction, its basic tasks and functions were covered by Vladimir Vladimirovich Raspopov, Deputy Director of the Industry Development Fund, in his interview with the ES magazine.
The paper addresses the issue of forming an intelligent digital infrastructure for managing the country’s economy in special conditions: global disasters, catastrophes and emergencies. The experience of creating large information systems for managing the country’s economy in a special period is evaluated. The convergent approach for creating the required system for management support is proposed. It is shown that under these conditions, high management efficiency can be achieved on the basis of special support for self-organization processes and anti-collapse self-adjusting integration of information system segments and intelligent services that are adaptable to conditions of a known, predictable and unknown nature. At the same time, the integration of network infrastructures involves the distributed processing and storage of data based on interaction and integration of various network environments, which allows to achieve previously unattainable reliability, stability and recoverability of economic management.
2018 did not bring a significant breakthrough in the Russian digital economy development, the boom is being replaced by disappointment. Digital transformation as a process of cardinal change is gradually being superseded by numeralization or digitalization, that is, simply by converting “everything” into digital form. At the same time, practical issues concerning approaches of the state bodies to implementation of digital economy plans both in the nearest future and in the 5–10 years prospect, stay out of the attention zone. Of paramount importance becomes the discussion by the authorities not about the processes of effective changes in the economy, but the accelerated introduction of foreign digital technologies or provision of services on digital platforms. The article proposes to discuss two stratagems that will allow the government bodies of the Russian Federation to consolidate their leadership position in the digital transformation process, not only by implementing control and supervisory functions, but also through providing greater economic opportunities to large, medium and small businesses based on numeral.
The article publishes research results of the strategic behavior of modern organizations in the field of human resources management in terms of digitalization. The study sample — 250 companies from the Forbes list in 2008. The annual reports data of organizations in the selected years was used as the main research material. Within the study framework, it is hypothesized that in conditions of digitalization substantial shifts occur in the systems of strategic HR management of organizations.
The article analyzes the current transitional stage of development of the world community, when unipolarity under the leadership of the United States begins to weaken. Under these conditions, the resistance of the establishment of countries losing their dominance in the world community, the position of states defending the principles of multipolarity, in connection with which the conflict character of the development of the world community increases. The theory of the balance of forces inherent in the “cold war”, which considers balancing the nuclear potential of countries possessing it, now involves the inclusion of elements of information confrontation and cyber opposition, the latter can lead to radical negative consequences. The article analyzes the development of international law as a basic element of the formation of polycentrism, opposition to information attacks from the West, as well as the need to develop a single platform for the BRICS countries to digitize economies and information and communication interaction.
Today, society is moving from generating income through digital platforms to digitizing the means of production at all levels. Transformation of the former monopoly enterprises into more competitive and flexible structures is the means and goal of the digitalization process. Politicians of 2017 provide the legal and institutional basis for the Russian entrepreneurs’ global leadership in the field of digital solutions. Successful implementation focuses on three main areas: expanding national economic opportunities, drawing regions together with the help of digital infrastructure and identifying trends in the global digital order. Trade, of course, is associated with the network, which is one of the synonyms used to describe the virtual sphere in certain languages. Trade and market are organically non-hierarchical and open classical structures. Synchronization of the digital space is carried out in bilateral and multilateral forums. The main issue is balancing digital sovereignty and security of national users with integration into the global economy. Eliminating the block structure in economy and simplifying networks is part of the digital revolution. A new form of development is the geo-economic model of a cluster network.
The article discusses the introduction of digital technologies in the military-industrial complex (MIC). Digital technologies ensure sustainable development and a significant increase in the efficiency of high-tech and high-tech production. The article deals with the problems and basic requirements for the digital production of weapons, military and special equipment, analyzed the depth of penetration of digital technologies in the production processes of the defense industry of Russia, identified promising areas of digitalization of production, considered issues of information security, formulated proposals to address the problems of implementation of digital technologies in the defense industry.
The article focuses on the institutional causes of the digital economy development. The concept of a “start-up company” and distinctive features of such companies are explored — how they differ from other companies, the reason for their wide expansion and geography of their distribution. Start-up companies are target residents of the Skolkovo innovation center. The article reveals the main reasons contributing to development of these companies or to the choice of geographic location. In conclusion, the main institutional barriers to development of ecosystem start-ups in Russia are identified.