Thorny Path or Why the State Should Not “Wait” for the Digital Platforms Advent

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.106-113

Era of digital changes concerns everybody. Under the slogan of digitalization government bodies have begun implementation of national projects understood mainly as creation of GIS, infrastructure and electronic services. Big business, sensing new profitable opportunities, is trying its hand in building platforms and developing new technologies, gradually filling up the digital space and leaving less and less space for implementing the duties, assigned to state bodies by the Constitution, in new economic environment. At the same time, there is a growing expansion of “our Western partners”, especially in industry areas. Only small and medium-sized businesses remained aloof from digitalization — this segment of economy has simply got neither desire nor the capital. The state bodies’ operation according to old patterns, expectation that business will draft and develop everything on its own, and ministries and departments will only have to choose and promote the “best cases”, generating presentations on forums instead of real steps demonstrates confusion of our “digital leaders”, the lack of clear vision of the existing processes transformation and further development of public administration in the context of digital economy. We call your attention to an article that will reveal the approach to creating a new economic management model — state digital platforms. Described solutions are shown by the authors using the example of the transport and logistics complex of the Russian Federation

Digitalization of Economy and Energy Sector: Prospects and Problems

DOI: 10.33917/es-6.164.2019.96-105

The article discusses the main prospects and problems of developing digitalization concept not only of Industry 4.0 (fourth generation), but also of all units of the new civilization based on energy-informational conception of ecos — our planetary home, including the economy (economic activity system), ecology (system of harmonization of human relations with the environment) and energy sector as a system of life support and vital activity itself in this house

Digital Navigation in the Matrix of Realities: Operating with Bifurcation Trajectories of Movement of the Future Key Points on the “Tree” of Rambling Event Chains

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.48-55

The article examines the possibilities of operating with probabilities of reality (understood as a human interpretation of a picture of the surrounding real and fictional world with derived patterns of conduct) to counteract systemic failures in the social control mechanisms functioning. It is proposed to identify system-parametric interconnections, including the value of information flows and its computational processing, clustering, refinement and application in implementing the “exploration of the future” technology within the framework of a certain supersystem of the digital structure for society management. The article describes the possibilities of penetration into the level of conscious (semantic) and unconscious (emotional) interpretation of events, when it is necessary to provide individuals and groups with logical chains (event series) to interpret history and interpret events regarding problems that may affect maintaining stability of the future basic image. It creates the opportunity for the key points of the future on the “tree” of rambling event chains to navigate a controlled set of possible movement trajectories while managing society as part of the process of shaping the material future, realized through self-tuning of the surrounding subjective reality to the “matrix of key semantic images” in the direction of the basic image of the future.

Distributed Production Model and New Approaches in National Economic Strategies

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.40-46

The article is dedicated to distributing the production process along the elements of global value chains, to the countries’ participation in such chains and the resulting principles of the national growth policy. Special attention is paid to specifics of the Russian situation

Digital Economy Toolkit for Solving the Problems of Separate Accounting of Financial and Economic Performance Results

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.28-39

The main problem of managing economy at the military-industrial complex enterprises is the separate accounting of results of financial and economic activities in terms of introducing separate bank and personal accounts for each contract with the buyer of a particular type of product in order to establish control over the payments costs through the performers’ cooperation chain within the requirements of state regulation of the state defence order. Physical division of financial flows of each defence industry enterprise into separate accounts has already caused sharp increase in the number of accounts – from several ones to one and a half thousand — and to significant increase in debt loan, which doubled in half a year and by July 2019 amounted to more than 2 trillion roubles. The problem is aggravated due to conflicting requirements of regulatory legal acts, which requires to fill out report forms reflecting the different contract price structure according to the state defensive order for submission to the Defence Ministry and the Federal Treasury. But most of all, they contradict the economic nature of operations reflected in accounting and do not provide control over payments, since the chosen implementation technology is wrong. It is necessary to change radically the approach to solving the above problem, which can be eliminated only by developing an innovative model of digital system for managing economic activity through reflecting the economic activity data in the indicators codes of accounting objects and codes of business transactions in digital form. And above all, it is necessary to make all payments on one individual account, taking into consideration financial and economic flows reflecting business operations on an accrual and cash basis, to implement separate accounting of financial and economic activities results and to establish effective control over payment costs.

Digital Rospatent: New Business Opportunities

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.16-27

On the initiative of the Federal Service for Intellectual Property (Rospatent) in the “Main areas of activity of the Government of the Russian Federation for the period until 2024”, approved by Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation D.A. Medvedev on September 29, 2018, a separate section was introduced to define a range of tasks covering all aspects of the development of intellectual property, the most important of which is to create a system of public services comfortable
for rightholders.

Artificial Intelligence: Whither Goest Thou?

DOI: 10.33917/es-5.163.2019.6-15

Biblical phrase “Quo vadis”, which means “where are you going,” was not accidentally put into the title of the article, because today some people consider artificial intelligence to be almost a kind of messiah who will save our world from all evils and adversities, while others believe that he is akin to the Horseman of the Apocalypse, who will completely destroy human civilization and turn all of us into machines’ slaves. The article analyses substantiation of these judgments.

Digital Economy in the Strategy of Production Integration in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.18-24

The article formulates conceptual provisions revealing the strategy of production integration in the context of the Russian economy digitalization; the paper justifies the logic of its formation as a socio-economic vector, contributing to creation of the digital economy, ensuring the growth of competitive advantages of Russian enterprises and the economy as a whole; the author reviews foreign experience of the strategy of production integration and integrated structures formation, which should be taken into account in domestic practice; the article analyzes functional strategies of production integration in the Russian economy; the paper substantiates the role of cluster integration, contributing to creation of innovative territorial clusters as a growth factor for the digital economy, which contributes to creating and applying digital technologies, as well as to formation of a new digital platform in the production integration strategy with the aim of improving social and economic situation in the Russian Federation

Methodology of Plan Development Based on Digital Economy Tools

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.6-17

The article deals with insufficiently explored fundamental methodological problem of creating a unified enterprise plan. Currently, plans/budgets are generated based on a variety of separate forms from various aspects of production and business activities, and combining them into a single document is practically impossible. The existing enterprise plan has got quite a formal role. In the current situation, a transition from forming separate documents to creating a single plan in the subjects of the real sector of economy is required in order to assess the whole range of tasks and goals of socio-economic development with regard to all the resources necessary for their implementation. Creating a single plan is a task of an extremely high level of complexity, which is solved by means of coding (digitizing) various information by all indicators and business operations with them, reflecting the business activities in business processes, as well as through significantly changing the structure of the plan, implementing compliance functions

Methods of Digital Economy in Terms of Management and Control Activities in the Real Economy

Currently, problems in the system of economic management have reached the level where a global shift has become objectively inevitable. Implementation of digital economy in terms of public administration and control activities through developing scientific principles in conjunction with situation analysis will provide an opportunity to solve these problems in order to ensure increase in real incomes of Russian citizens. The present article deals with creating a digital economy methodology in the real sector of economy for developing a digital system for economic activity management