Author page: Pirogov Nikolay L.

Organization of scientific and technological development in the period of command economy: achievements and shortcomings

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.97.2021.5-13

The article briefly reviews the state of the scientific and technological complex of the USSR in the most favorable period of its economic development (late 1970s-early 1980s). There is shown the structure of the organization of scientific research and the application of findings in the industry. Attention is drawn both to the advantages of centralized planning of scientific and technological developments, and to its disadvantages, in particular, the lack of using methods of economic incentives, which led to a drop in the innovative activity of participants in the scientific and technological process from the development of the idea to its implementation.

Condition and trends of scientific and technological development of Russian industry

DOI: 10.33917/mic-1.96.2021.11-21

The article evaluates the current state of scientific and technical development of the Russian industry, identifies trends in its improvement. The dynamics of changes is shown in the structure of organizations engaged in research and development work, both by type of organization and by industry of their activity. As a negative phenomenon to be noted, that the role of the Russian Academy of Sciences has been reduced in determining the prospects for the development of science and technology. The dynamics of changes in the main indicators of innovation activity for the period 2010-2018 is analyzed.

Economics and innovations: dialectic of interdependence

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.62-77

The article attempts to analyze the impact of general economic situation in national economy of Russia on innovative industrial development. The impact of innovations to industrial production development has shown in the article. We can see stages of innovative development in current Russian economy. The reasons, which are constraining innovative activity, have considered. The government role in stimulating of innovations has analyzed. The presence of private and budgetary components has noted as a qualitative specificity of Russian economy today. We can see the conclusion about necessity of improvement of management organization system of innovative processes.