The role of the mining industry in the economy of Uzbekistan and improving its taxation (on the example of the Navoi mining and metallurgical combine)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.39-43

A study of the methodological and methodological aspects of managing economic processes allowed the authors to determine the basic conceptual principles for the formation of an energy strategy for the use of natural gas in industrial enterprises and distribute them into groups. This article presents the author’s classification of the system of principles for the formation of an energy-efficient strategy for using natural gas at an industrial enterprise, analyzes the principles considered on this issue, which allowed them to be combined into the following target groups: organizational, economic, financial, environmental, technological, methodological and specific. The authors propose, formulate and justify two new specific principles for the formation of an energy strategy: the risk principle of the energy strategy and the principle of reorganization of energy chains of natural gas consumption by an enterprise. For most of the principles presented, regression models have been developed for their quantitative assessment. Conclusions are made regarding the proposed classification of principles, according to which all principles are of equal importance in the implementation of the energy strategy and should be implemented and investigated simultaneously.

Modeling of conceptual principles for the formation of an energy strategy for natural gas consumption by industrial enterprise

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.26-38

A study of the methodological and methodological aspects of managing economic processes allowed the authors to determine the basic conceptual principles for the formation of an energy strategy for the use of natural gas in industrial enterprises and distribute them into groups. This article presents the author’s classification of the system of principles for the formation of an energy-efficient strategy for using natural gas at an industrial enterprise, analyzes the principles considered on this issue, which allowed them to be combined into the following target groups: organizational, economic, financial, environmental, technological, methodological and specific. The authors propose, formulate and justify two new specific principles for the formation of an energy strategy: the risk principle of the energy strategy and the principle of reorganization of energy chains of natural gas consumption by an enterprise. For most of the principles presented, regression models have been developed for their quantitative assessment. Conclusions are made regarding the proposed classification of principles, according to which all principles are of equal importance in the implementation of the energy strategy and should be implemented and investigated simultaneously.

Fundamentals and methods of forming a database of intellectual property of organizations

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.18-25

In modern economic conditions, enterprises that produce high-tech products rely on their existing competencies based on various objects of intellectual property. In this regard, the competitiveness of high-tech enterprises is directly dependent on the efficiency of the use of intellectual property. Thus, there is a problem of constructing mechanisms that allow describing intellectual property objects of knowledge-intensive enterprise and performing their information analysis, which justifies the relevance of forming the organization’s intellectual property database.

Mechanisms for transformation of enterprise solvency estimates taking into account the essential content of balance sheet components

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.40-46

The paper discusses the approaches to the transformation of estimates of short-term liabilities, high-liquidity assets, receivables and enterprise reserves based on the essential economic content of the components included in them and disguised by accounting when compiling the balance sheet. Differences in real and accounting estimates are shown, which can significantly distort the true estimates of Companies solvency indicators.

Risk management in the company’s strategic development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.30-39

Each enterprise in its activities often faces the problem of choosing the optimal investment direction that will ensure it receives the maximum income in the future. The article considers risk management as one of the key subsystems of the enterprise strategic development system. Methods of evaluating the effectiveness of investment projects with consideration of risks are studied and systematized, and their comparative analysis is carried out. A practical example with calculations is presented. The results are analyzed. The directions of possible investments are briefly described.

Managing the cost of knowledge-based technologies and businesses

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.21-29

This scientific article covers the issues of managing the cost of technologies and businesses based on knowledge, which means first of all the ability to assess the cost of such technologies and businesses, and then manage this cost in accordance with the goals defined by the relevant structures. Technologies and businesses based on knowledge belong to the objects of intellectual property.

The authors analyze modern methods of determining the value of property, including intellectual property; identify the peculiarities of assessing the value of a business based on knowledge; determine the features of managing this business; study and systematize the Russian experience of doing business based on knowledge.

To a question on concepts «service» and «competitiveness of service»: from definitions to practice

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.67-75

The scientific article systematizes the conceptual and categorical properties of services, as a result, reflects the characteristics of the concepts of “service” and “competitiveness of services”. Conducted research of services in the generally accepted coding system (OKVED); as well as in the aspect of the international standard industrial classification (MCOK / ISIC) allowed the authors to supplement the species groups of the most demanded services on the market; as a practical example, an analysis of the competitiveness of DIY-services of the largest retailers of the Volga Federal District is presented.

The theory of shadow prices as a methodological basis of a promising management system in the military-industrial complex

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.57-66

The article discusses the economic feasibility of using modern development in managing the development of enterprises of the defense-industrial complex in the performance of the state defense order of the theory of shadow prices.

Forecasting bankruptcies of counterparties based on payment discipline data

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.47-56

In this article, we study the problem of forecasting bankruptcy of firms using data on payment discipline. Most previous researchers used the balance sheet as a data source, while data on payment discipline will reduce the time before making a decision on the firm, as well as obtain reliability ratings based on other types of data. To predict bankruptcy of the firms proposed a new method of work with highly unbalanced data, which consists in training the classifiers on the automatically generated sub-sample and averaging the obtained results. Random forest served as a classifier for subsamples, and AUC-score was used to check the quality of the model, which showed good results.

Natural Gas Energy Consumption Strategy by iron and steel industry enterprises

DOI: 10.33917/mic-4.93.2020.38-46

The existing modern conceptual approaches to the formation of an assessment of the natural gas consumption strategy in the steel industry do not allow assessing comprehensively all the processes that occur in the enterprise affecting the efficiency of natural gas consumption. Due to the fact that natural gas acts an important role as a universal energy resource, both in the economy and in international politics, the modern strategy for assessing the consumption of natural gas in the steel industry is becoming a key factor in increasing competitiveness and guaranteeing sustainable economic growth of the country’s steel industry.

The article proposes a conceptual approach to the development of the model in order to assess the strategy of natural gas consumption at iron and steel enterprises, which allows timely management decisions to be taken to increase the organization of efficient energy consumption at the enterprise.

Based on the proposed conceptual approach to assessing the strategy of natural gas consumption at the iron and steel industry, it can be stated that this assessment is interconnected with the assessment of the integral criterion for the implementation of the goals of organizing effective energy management.