The external debt of the USA and some aspects of petrodollar policy

The article considers the process of the continuing increase in the US public debt as a factor of negative impact on the financial policy of developed and developing countries, including Russia. The main conditions of devaluating the American currency are defined at a modern stage.

When the Possibility of Joint Action Come True

DOI: 10.33917/es-1.167.2020.92-99

The issues of simplifying settlement operations have been and are still facing the participants of both domestic national and international markets. With a certain approach to their use, money can become a special commodity or may take the form of algorithms that apply cloud technologies, the level of volatility of which does not always meet the expectations. The present article outlines views on the possibility of resolving these issues through creating within the economic integration association of a common accounting unit in a digital format that is linked to one of the most liquid types of energy