Soon we’ll celebrate the 100th anniversary from the end of the First World War. To a large extent this war is still considered as a political, not a historical event, but it is already far enough in the past and can become the subject of an impartial research. In the present situation, of particular interest are the details of unleashing the war and specifics of its institutionalization, that is, its turning into a bloody conflict for years, the cost of which — in human lives, in money terms, and in social deformations — has repeatedly exceeded the value of disputed territories and assets. The authors are interested in a slightly different problem, though closely related to the above-mentioned: mechanisms of changing military and political leaders who demonstrated their inadequacy in wartime conditions.
The name of Anatoly Nikolayevich Efimov, the first director of Scientific Research Economic Institute under the State Planning Committee of the USSR (SREI), elected in 1955, is associated with fundamentally new stage in the history of planning after the end of the Stalin era in 1953. Pioneer and fundamental developments of the interbranch balance, awarded with the USSR State Prize in 1968, methodology for forecasting the country’s economy development, widely used today in the market conditions, have made up the content and novelty of this stage, as well as the main vector of SREI’s scientific research. The choice of these directions is not a flash of reason or sudden enlightenment. Their roots go not only into the environment, but also to the turbulent and dramatic events of the 1920s, which became a time of choosing the way of the country’s development, overcoming economic and cultural backwardness in conditions of isolation and a hostile external environment. Transition from the policy of “military communism” to the NEP, the broadest democratization of society served as a powerful impetus for development of planned economic thought.
The article reveals the non-Marxist meaning of the October Revolution of 1917. The author claims that the sequence of exploiter formations has a historical goal, not taken into account by Marxism, as a system of global power. The main idea of the article is that the 1917 revolution is a struggle not against capitalism, but against the supranational elite that is building the system of global power.
Representing a mentally unified whole, but consisting of various forcibly dismembered parts that exist separately in space and time — this is the picture of today economy of the Slavic and then the Russian world. And exactly in such a broad and full-fledged sense, and not like now, in many times truncated and degraded form, the Slavic and later on the Russian world, their role and place, authority and significance should be positioned in the modern world. The authors of the article considering the Slavic world as a mental reality and virtual space, analyze the world economy of the second millennium, when Russia and a number of other young Slavic states began to enter the world scene; they wonder what are the prospects for modern world economic forces order and what place in this arrangement is assigned to Russia, the Russian world and the entire Slavic world.