Modern foreign policy and external economic situation raise the need for forming an internal integrated economic system (IES). The basic parts (enterprises) constitute the basis of the IES, and the integral efficiency of the IES functioning largely depends on the methodology of forming the system for their internal management. The article dwells on the factors that influence formation of the internal system of the enterprise management. The authors conclude that the basis for creating an optimal internal management system is the effective resolution of a natural-technological contradiction, which requires classification of enterprises by production-technological feature. This classification allows to establish the optimal ratio and practical forms of implementing the principles of centralism and democracy in the enterprise management. The possibility of realizing the principle of democratic centralism on the basis of organizing internal contractual relations in the form of “horizontal” and “vertical” contracts is considered. The article shows the possible influence of the system of internal contractual relations on the efficiency of the enterprise’s functioning and the cardinal growth of the quality of the goods produced.
The article focuses on the problems of improving domestic economic policy of Russia. According to the authors, in the coming decades possibility of embedding our economy into the world economy on acceptable to us terms is practically excluded. This necessitates the formation of an internal integrated economic system (IES) corresponding both to external realities and to objectives of emerging social state. At the same time the IES construction should begin with formation of the enterprise share capital as the basis of an integrated economic system. We believe that during formation of the enterprises share capital and the IES such structure forming principles should be considered as democratic centralism and centralized democracy (some combination of centralized and decentralized fundamentals). The article also discusses some issues of education, enterprises functioning and management with regard to the new principles of corporatization.