The article deals with the following questions: what is common for analytics and expertise, how they differ and how they are related to each other; what are the characteristics of the information society. Analysis of the purposes, sense and content of the analysis and expertise processes in the target vector of managing organizations, projects in the context of technical and social revolutions of the modern era of changes is carried out. The model, structuring the basic processes of analytics and expertise, is constructed, the criteria of their coherence and delineation are indicated. Constructive definitions of analytics and expertise are given. A taxonomic map of the basic processes of expertise and analytics in the organization is built. Proposed solutions provide the necessary basis for developing methodological and regulatory materials for practical application of analytics and expertise.
Author page: Vladimir Ryzhov
One of the aims of the present article is an attempt to reveal self-organization mechanisms of complex social processes. The authors explain the main reasons for genesis of processes and events coherence in the social space of society. The examples show generality of the order emergence regularities as a result of the chaos self-organization in physical and social reality. On the other hand, significant differences between complex dynamic processes and events in physical and social reality are also described. All the basic concepts are formalized, self-organization mechanisms are presented at the level of technological processes. Proposed systemic approach assumes the possibility of using the obtained results in socio-engineering and other complex measures in order to provide social, legal and information security of society. Obtained results can also enter into one of the sections of scientific, practical and theoretical basis of sociology.
In the context of rapid changes in society everything is transforming — the workforce structure, business processes, management techniques and forms of organization, the nature of creativity and assets structure, property rights. With simultaneous reduction in the period of innovation cycles, there is an urgent need for establishing the institute of experts-drivers along with the institute of patent attorneys. Namely experts-drivers will have to lead coordination of the whole complex of interdisciplinary problems: organizational, legal, psychological, investment, economic and others. Such organizational-legal form may be called the institute of super-drivers as an interdisciplinary tool for managing innovation reality of society. Institute of super-drivers, including patent attorneys, will allow inventors and entrepreneurs to overcome many barriers of complexity in their way from concept to realizing idea in the form of a useful product. Also crucial is the opportunity and prospects of collective intelligence development through forming “smart fields”, which contain the innovative potential of the future society.
The paper presents the problems of the world modeling by a man and coordination of meanings between different people in the process of communication. The model of the world (as well as the subject field model) consists of three components: the language one and two multimodal — individual and socialized. The world model of every human being is a unique structure and, despite some their similarity for members of the same society, requires constant synchronization during communication of people, which is realized in the process of dialogue. In addition to information mechanism (synchronization by key concepts of subject areas) intentional mechanism (determination) is involved in the dialogue, and this mechanism is realized through personalities of communicating subjects. The work of these mechanisms is disclosed through the example of collective activity and the quality of communication literacy. Communication literacy of people, as shown in the work, essentially depends on the linguistic component, i.e. on the ability to work with text in a natural language. This means any person himself should be able to write qualitatively and work with meanings, as well as to understand meaning of texts written by others. It is especially important in the context of wide spread of different network structures on IT and telecom platforms (from social and expert networks of “collective intelligence” to instant messaging networks).
On the example of IBM strategies it is possible to look at the information revolution and to understand what drives the modern IT and what future these technologies are preparing for us. The article identifies relationships and the impact of the latest military developments on the IT development vector. One of the main conclusions: the information society should be seen metaphorically as an iceberg. First of all, we see only the tip of an iceberg, and the submarine part remains outside our focus area. Secondly, isn’t the modern society a sort of “Titanic” rushing toward the iceberg? But not everything is so bad. In principle there are possibilities to control the development movement and to choose the own course in order not to endure catastrophe from a collision with an underwater part of the iceberg. There is one way out, and it is evident in many respects. It is necessary to use the self-preservation and survival instinct. And our actions should be dominated by strategic thinking and foresight. Otherwise, society will get the shackles of the “digital slavery” from information owners of the world. One must not lose mind, sovereignty and the right to think. One should not go on about the puppeteers and deceivers — who will outwit or replay someone. Now decisive became the factor — who will strongly, elastically and with a margin do a great deal of thinking.
The paper shows the prospects and forks of information technology (IT) evolution, when business and IT mutually influence each other and develop each other, changing economy and society. The human factor is not just becoming a key element, but the vector of IT development. The possibilities and boundaries of network collective intelligence and social technologies are shown. The concept of “intellectual deposits” is disclosed.
The paper proposes an approach that gives a scientific character to the concept of network-centric management, and considered systemic paradigms allow to consider it as an engineering construction. It proposes the concept and management contour models of the first and the second kind, revealing communities’ management mechanisms and processes of their self-organization. They represent not only new opportunities, but also unfamiliar threats. Only basic knowledge of socio-engineering will help to build a security system, to ensure the survival and development of society. However, given any methodological complexity the human factor plays a decisive role. Management of complex systems requires self-dependence, intelligence coordination and real time actions, the synergy of knowledge, intuition and participants’ sagacity as well as harmonious interaction with the environment, including society.
Network, the Internet, artificial intelligence, virtual reality — these are code words, piercing our impetuous era.