Scientometric analysis of dynamics of science-intensive technologies development in machine-building production was carried out. It is shown that in the 1960s–1970s, a new scientific direction in the technology of mechanical engineering — a cluster of methods and technologies for physicochemical treatment of materials — was formed in the world technological space. Ranking of industrially developed countries all over the world in terms of the development level of science-intensive technologies is performed. The interrelation between the level of development of science-intensive technologies, the level of industrial development and indicators characterizing the socio-economic status of the country, is revealed. It is shown that in the current geopolitical situation and in conditions of limited resources, the choice of priority directions for the development of high technologies is becoming more relevant than ever. It is noted that the evaluation criteria and procedures for selecting priority development directions are not sufficiently developed or are simply lacking. All this affects the financing of scientific research and the development pace of certain technological areas.
Author page: Boris Saushkin
The authors propose a theoretic-multiple approach to modeling the enterprise’s human resources potential. They construct and discuss the classification and functionalhierarchical models of the enterprise’s personnel and substantiate feasibility of their application in HR management. The article dwells on the objectives system of an enterprise operation, the purposes tree of the personnel management is identified and discussed. It is shown that one of the third level purposes is creation and effective use of the specific tools of HR management and the composition of such a toolset is discussed. Methodology for evaluating employee’s potential and enterprise’s HR potential is presented and discussed.
The article considers the state of the domestic mechanical engineering and highlights the key problem of its revival and development — restoration of human resources potential. The paper discusses negative features of the current state of human resources and proposes ways out of the existing situation.