Analyzing Dynamics and Revealing Tendencies of High Technologies Development in Mechanical Engineering

#7. Foresight Boom
Analyzing Dynamics and Revealing Tendencies of High Technologies Development in Mechanical Engineering

Scientometric analysis of dynamics of science-intensive technologies development in machine-building production was carried out. It is shown that in the 1960s–1970s, a new scientific direction in the technology of mechanical engineering — a cluster of methods and technologies for physicochemical treatment of materials — was formed in the world technological space. Ranking of industrially developed countries all over the world in terms of the development level of science-intensive technologies is performed. The interrelation between the level of development of science-intensive technologies, the level of industrial development and indicators characterizing the socio-economic status of the country, is revealed. It is shown that in the current geopolitical situation and in conditions of limited resources, the choice of priority directions for the development of high technologies is becoming more relevant than ever. It is noted that the evaluation criteria and procedures for selecting priority development directions are not sufficiently developed or are simply lacking. All this affects the financing of scientific research and the development pace of certain technological areas.


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