Historical review of the development of the beekeeping industry in the modern world

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.107.2022.60-65

The purpose of this work is to study the development of the beekeeping industry in the modern world. The study touched upon the history of beekeeping in Russia and in other countries, indicated the uniqueness of honey and other bee products, and also noted the effectiveness of conducting activities in this industry. One of the tasks of developing the market for beekeeping products is to increase employment and incomes of the rural population. The theoretical provisions and conditions that affect the employment and income of the rural population during the development of the beekeeping industry were also disclosed.


1. On beekeeping in the Russian Federation: Federal Law No. 490-FZ: [adopted by the State Duma on December 22, 2020: approved by the Federation Council on December 25, 2020]. – Access from the information and legal system «Garant».

2. Kozyaychev Yu.V., Thorikov B.A. Analysis of the world experience in the development of the beekeeping industry. Economics. Informatics. 2018;45(2):251-260. (In Russ.).

3. Nikulina O.V., Ledovskoy M.A. Analysis of the development of the beekeeping industry in Russia: identifying problems and searching for reserves to increase competitiveness in the international arena. Regional economy and management: electronic scientific journal. 2022;1(69). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/analiz-razvitiya-otrasli-pchelovodstva-v-rossii-vyyavlenie-problem-i-poisk-rezervov-dlya-povysheniya-konkurentosposobnosti

4. Kondratyuk I.A. Territorial structure of beekeeping in China. Innovations and investments. 2021;7:28-31. (In Russ).

5. Ponomarev A.S. Problems of beekeeping in China // Paseka-online. URL: http://naceka-online.ru/stati/zarubezhnoe-pchelovodstvo/problemy-pchelovodstva-kitaja.html

6. Ponomarev A.S. Russian beekeeping in 2020: challenges, results and trends. Beekeeping. 2021;1:8-11. (In Russ).

7. Kozyaychev Yu.V. Analysis of the world experience in the development of beekeeping / Yu.V. Kozyaychev, B.A. Tkhorikov. Scientific Bulletin of the Belgorod State University. Series: Economy. Informatics. 2018;2:251-260. (In Russ).

8. Global honey market in 2020. URL: https://www.apiworld.ru/1622805431.html

9. Vaganova O.V. Regional economy: textbook. allowance / O.V. Vaganova, Ya.Yu. Bondareva, I.V. Chistnikova and others. Belgorod: Publishing House «Belgorod», NRU BelGU, 2017. 140 p. (In Russ).

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11. Gulyamova D. Beekeeping: a resource for the development of rural areas. Pravda Vostoka, September 20, 2022. URL: https://yuz.uz/ru/news/pchelovodstvo-resurs-dlya-razvitiya-selskix-territoriy

Economic prerequisites for assessing the level of social tension in rural areas

DOI: 10.33917/mic-2.91.2020.75-87

The study is aimed at studying the factors of influence of economic preconditions on the level of social tension in rural areas. Methods. The study analyzes various factors that affect the development of rural areas, with an emphasis on economic impact, and determines the criteria necessary for assessing the level of social tension. The study is based on an analysis of the state of rural areas of the Perm region and the population living in them, based on statistical indicators that characterize them. Data on the level and quality of life of the population, demographic situation, unemployment, crime and migration are analyzed. Scientific novelty. Taking into account the relevance of the research topic, the authors come to a reasonable conclusion about the need to analyze and assess the level of social tension in rural areas. Results and practical significance.

On the basis of the conducted analysis, the characteristic features of the current state of the rural population of the Perm territory are highlighted and described. Factors that influence social tension in these territories are identified, and problems that need to be addressed in order to avoid negative consequences of social tension are identified. Taking into account the relevance of the considered issues for any agricultural territory of our country, the approach proposed by the authors will be interesting and universal in practical application by specialists in the field of state and municipal management, agriculture, and economy of both Federal and state authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation and local self-government bodies.