Possibilities of investment support of the Republic of Uzbekistan and its regions

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.82-92

The article analyzes the current trends in the policy of investment support and its regional features. Conclusions are given on the level of development of the current state of investment activity in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The article analyzes the indicators characterizing the financial sources of investment in fixed assets: budgetary and extrabudgetary funds, investments guaranteed by the state, funds of enterprises and households, loans from commercial banks, foreign direct investment. As well as the results of investment activities in the regions of the country. Suggestions and recommendations are given to improve the efficiency of investment policy in the country. The results of the study can be used in the analysis and forecasting of structural changes in the country’s investment policy. It is concluded that investment support is a more voluminous economic concept than investment activity, representing a state of the economy, in which the possibility of satisfying the entire country is ensured. While investment support is a system and process that acts as a tool for achieving investment policy indicators. If it is organized correctly, then the conditions for sustainable economic development of the country and its regions are achieved.

Economic assessment of innovative potential by using mesofractal indicators

DOI: 10.33917/mic-5.94.2020.74-81

The scientific article assesses the innovative potential of enterprises in the retail and trade sector of the service sector in order to identify the level of their competitiveness. The modular categories are highlighted, according to which it is possible to identify the degree of readiness of enterprises for innovation. The algorithm for determining the innovative potential has been determined; the systemic components of the mesofractal of innovative potential were identified, and the methodology for assessing the readiness of an enterprise for innovation was improved, on the basis of which empirical indicators were obtained.

Investment problems of the health system

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.78-86

The article focuses on the shortcomings of the resource and financial support of the healthcare sector. The importance of increasing the volume of social investments in healthcare in the Russian Federation is shown. The current model of healthcare investment is analyzed. The main problems of investing in the healthcare system are formulated. The directions of its improvement and modification are suggested.

Economics and innovations: dialectic of interdependence

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.95.2020.62-77

The article attempts to analyze the impact of general economic situation in national economy of Russia on innovative industrial development. The impact of innovations to industrial production development has shown in the article. We can see stages of innovative development in current Russian economy. The reasons, which are constraining innovative activity, have considered. The government role in stimulating of innovations has analyzed. The presence of private and budgetary components has noted as a qualitative specificity of Russian economy today. We can see the conclusion about necessity of improvement of management organization system of innovative processes.

Improvement of approaches to the construction of management decision support systems at the enterprises of high-tech industries of Russia in the implementation of innovative projects in the modern conditions of their digital transformation

The article describes the main decision support systems that provide the ability to manage enterprise resources. It reveals their advantages and disadvantages. It is shown that in modern conditions of digital transformation of enterprises and the necessity to increase the share of civil products up to 50% by 2025 in Russian high-tech enterprises, it is extremely important to introduce decision support systems. However, taking into account a closed nature of many such enterprises, as well as a number of shortcomings of systems, the article proposes a proprietary approach to building decision support systems that allows to manage a product life cycle while implementing innovative projects and gives an opportunity to assess its competitiveness and align its marketing strategy taking into account external factors, including risks.

Technique of the modified duration as a way of an estimation of efficiency of innovative projects in market economy

In the scientific article application of a method of a duration as most effective way of an estimation of innovative projects on an example regional industrial кластера with the base research centre of leading high schools of Republic Tatarstan is proved.

Efficiency evaluation of investments in construction of underground gas storage facilities in salt deposits: problems and ways of their solution

The increase in the peak daily demand for natural gas in recent years in the autumn-winter seasons confirms the need to further increase the daily capacity of Gazprom’s gas storage facilities, as the main regulators of uneven gas consumption. Peak storage facilities should play an important role in addressing the issue of increasing the daily productivity of UGS. Throughout the world, the peak storage facilities are underground gas storage facilities in caverns of rock salt, having high economic efficiency in the conditions of the developed market relations.

The article defines the main effect-forming factors of gas storage in salt deposits and the main problems arising in the evaluation of the efficiency of investments in the construction of this type of UGS in Russia are considered.

Solving the problem of duplication of state obligations to provide free medical care based on the use of the state information system

The article analyzes the system of state guarantees of providing free medical care to citizens operating in the Russian Federation and proposes the direction of improving the accounting of state guarantees on the basis of the principle of «one person – one guarantee». To do this, it is proposed to create an information system of accounting that will allow in the short term to more accurately calculate per capita standards of financing of free medical care, and in the medium term opens up opportunities based on the analysis of accumulated data using elements of artificial intelligence to create predictive models of demand for free medical care in relation to the source of financing, and to work out different scenarios on them.

Current problems of restructuring of the system of engineering education

The article formulates the basic principles of personnel training in the transition to a new technological order. Successful transformation of the Russian economy into the knowledge economy could be carried out if the labor market is oriented towards highly skilled intellectual work. Against the background of a technological breakthrough and constantly changing external variables, the question of the principles that will form the basis for the design of vocational training for technical specialties requires a speedy solution.

Economic efficiency, financial risks and timing for investment projects implemented with borrowed funds

There is justified the increased need to analyze and evaluate an investment project in the interdependence of its three parties (in three dimension) – efficiency, risks and timing. Specified the concept and proposed the classification of financial risks. The impact of the time parameters of the investment project on its economic efficiency and financial risks has been analyzed. Considered the specifics of the relationship between economic efficiency, financial risks and the time parameters of the project when financing it with borrowed funds.