Military Industry Evacuation at the Beginning of World War II and the NKVD

DOI: 10.33917/es-2.168.2020.142-151

A few months after the fascist Germany’s attack on the USSR, under harsh wartime conditions, at the end of 1941 military industry of the Soviet Union began to produce such a quantity of military equipment that subsequently was providing not only replenishment of losses, but also improvement of technical equipment of the Red Army forces . Successful production of military equipment during World War II became one of the main factors in the victory over fascism. One of the unlit pages in affairs of the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD) is displacement and evacuation of a huge number of enterprises and people to the east, beyond the Urals, which were occupied by German troops at the beginning of the war in the summer of 1941. All this was done according to the plans developed with direct participation of NKVD, which united before the beginning and during the war departments now called the Ministry of Internal Affairs, FSB, SVR, the Russian Guard, Ministry of Emergency Situations, FAPSI and several smaller ones. And all these NKVD structures during the war were headed by Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria


1. Kumanev G.A. Bespretsedentnaya v mirovoi istorii  evakuatsiya [Unprecedented Evacuation in the World History]. Glava 12. V kn.: Rassekrechennye stranitsy istorii Vtoroi mirovoi voiny [Declassified Pages of the World War II History]. Moscow, Veche, 2012.

2. Chadaev Ya.E. Transport na sluzhbe fronta i tyla [Transport on Duty of the Front and Rear]. Glava VIII. V kn.: Ekonomika SSSR v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny (1941–1945 gg.) [The USSR Economy During the Great Patriotic War (1941–1945)]. Moscow, Mysl’, 1985.

3. Shishkin I.S. Bezuprechnyi pakt [Flawless Pact]. Zavtra, 2019, no 31 (1338).

4. Tarasov V.P. Pakt o nenapadenii pochti na dva goda pomog otsrochit’ voinu protiv SSSR [Non-Aggression Pact Helped to Postpone the War Against the USSR Almost for Two Years]. RIA Novosti, 2019, August, 27.

5. Glants D. Sovetskoe voennoe chudo 1941–1943. Vozrozhdenie Krasnoi Armii [Soviet Military Miracle of 1941–1943. The Red Army Revival]. Moscow, Yauza, ESKMO, 2008.

6. Malevich I.S. Pakt o sryve blitskriga [Blitzkrieg Disruption Pact]. Voenno-promyshlennyi kur’er, 2019, August, 13–19.

7. Popov A.Yu. Diversanty Stalina. Spetsnaz NKVD v tylu vraga [Stalin’s Saboteurs. NKVD Special Forces Behind the Enemy Lines]. Moscow, EKSMO, 2013

Следить за новостями ИНЭС: