COVID-2019 Pandemic — a Catalyst for the Possible Loss of the Democratic Foundations of Society

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.170.2020.30-41

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic began quite unexpectedly for all countries of the world community, although WHO has repeatedly warned about its possibility. It turned out that spreading of infection in all countries of the world depends not only on the level of urbanization and population density per 1 km2, but on the capability to effectively mobilize the national health system and on the quality of medical services, on their accessibility to all sectors of society, on the ability of the states leaders to provide appropriate regulation of public life. The most effective tools in the world became self-isolation, remote work (distance working) and introduction of quarantine regimes. Continuance of such measures implies, on the one hand, developing technologies for monitoring and ensuring social contact between citizens, and on the other, tightening control over the citizens behavior, including in remote work mode. The article provides a comparative analysis of these control systems, including the “social credit” in China, and concludes that remote working and opportunities that modern tracking and person re-identification technologies provide can be used even after the 2020 pandemic.


1. Wright N. Coronavirus and the Future of Surveillance. Democracies Must Offer an Alternative to Authoritarian Solutions. 2020, April, 6.

2. Global influenza strategy 2019-2030. World Health Organization 2019. WHO, available at:

3. Vserossiiskaya privivochnaya kampaniya protiv grippa 2019 [All-Russian Flu Vaccination Campaign 2019]. Tsentr gigienicheskogo obrazovaniya naseleniya, available at:

4. Patrick J. Buchanan. Kissinger’s call for a New World Order. The World, 2020, April, 8, available at:

5. David Harsanyi. Coronavirus Authoritarianism Is Getting Out of Hand. The Daily Signal, available at:

6. Microsoft sprognozirovala, chto ne vse otkazhutsya ot “udalenki” i vernutsya v ofisy posle okonchaniya pandemii [Microsoft has Predicted That Not Everybody will Give up Remote Working and Return to Offices After the Pandemic]. Brainity, 2020, April, 12, available at:

7. Sawhill I.V., Goyot K. Telecommuting will likely continue long after the pandemic. Brookings, 2020, April, 6, available at:

8. Bloom N., Liang J., Roberts J., Zhichun Jenny Ying. Does Working from Home Work? Evidence from a Chinese Experiment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 130, Iss. 1, 2015, February, pp. 165–218, available at: November 2014.

9. Mobile phone industry explores worldwide tracking of users. The Guardian, 2020, March, 25, available at:

10. GSMA, available at:

11. 6 lessons from China’s Zhejiang Province and Hangzhou on how countries can prevent and rebound from an epidemic like COVID-19. World economic forum, available at:

12. Kak rabotaet kitaiskaya sistema reitinga grazhdan: prestupleniya i nakazaniya [How the Chinese Citizens Rating System Works: Crimes and Punishment]. Khabr, available at:

13. Kharpal A. Use of surveillance to fight coronavirus raises concerns about government power after pandemic ends. CNBC. 2020, March, 26, available at:

14. What is the government’s commitment to GPS accuracy?, available at:

15. Kiselev D. Koronavirus uskoril nastuplenie budushchego [Coronavirus has Accelerated the Onset of the Future]., available at:

16. Valentino-DeVries J. Translating a Surveillance Tool into a Virus Tracker for Democracies. The New York Times, 2020, March, 19, available at:

17. Perskaya V.V., Eskindarov M.A. Integratsiya v usloviyakh mnogopolyarnosti. Evolyutsiya teorii i praktiki realizatsii [Integration in the Context of Multipolarity. Evolution of the Implementation Theory and Practice]. Moscow, Ekonomika, 2016, p. 384.

18. Perskaya V.V., Eskindarov M.A. Mnogopolyarnost’: instituty i mekhanizmy soglasovaniya natsional’nykh interesov [Multipolarity: Institutions and Mechanisms for Coordinating National Interests]. Moscow, KnoRus, 2018, p. 538.

19. Perskaya V., Eskindarov V. The Competitiveness of National Economy Under Multipolarity Russia, India, China. Moscow, Economica, 2015, p. 192.

20. Slavin L. Mnogopolyarnost’ i politsentrichnost’ [Multipolarity and Polycentricity]., 2018, February, available at:

21. Kortunov A.V. Between Polycentrism and Bipolarity On Russia’s World Order Evolution Narratives. International Institute for Global Analyses, 2019, August, available at:

22. Buchanan E. What Russia wants in a multipolar world. The Interpreter, 2019, October, 31, available at:

23. Kissinger H.A. The Coronavirus Pandemic Will Forever Alter the World Order. WSJ, 2020, April, 3, available at:

24. Bosco J. Kissinger’s post-pandemic world order and the demise of the Chinese Communist Party. TheHill, available at:

25. Green M., Medeiros E.S. The Pandemic Won’t Make China the World’s Leader. Foreign Affairs, 2020, April, 15, available at:

26. Whitney M., Kissinger H.A. Calls for a New Post-Covid World Order. Global Research. GlobalResearch, 2020, April, 6, available at:

27. Fukuyama F. Against Identity Politics.The New Tribalism and the Crisis of Democracy. Foreign Affairs. 2018, September/October, available at:

28. Berlin P.A. Russkaya burzhuaziya v staroe i novoe vremya [Russian Bourgeoisie in the Old and New Times]. Moscow, Leningrad, 1925, pp. 122–123.

29. Perskaya V.V. Bol’shaya Evraziya — sotsial’no-formatsionnaya platforma perekhoda k mnogopolyarnosti mirovogo soobshchestva [Most Eurasia — Socio-Formational Platform for Transition to Multipolarity of the World Community]. CyberLeninka, available at:

30. Tracking the Global Response to COVID-19. Privacyinternational, available at:

Следить за новостями ИНЭС: