In the basis of modern globalized science there is the science itself, and it is postulated that it is objective, law-abiding (discursive), is the only correct, last, final method of cognition, hasn’t got a civilizational, cultural, linguistic or national component. But if the world is too complicated for single-focus control, then the Universe must be too complicated for single-focal cognition. Then globalized science, considered as the only possible format of cognition, creates a number of unacceptable risks at the level of humanity, as it fixes very narrow range of possible development scenarios. Therefore, it is necessary to create a description of the science dependencies, to answer the question of how language, cultural codes, civilizational preferences, national character and national interests are reflected in methodology of science, directions and paces of its development, how these social determinants fit into the scientific cognition results and where they are contained in these results.
At the beginning of the zero years of the XXI century there was a strong opposition of anti-globalists and globalists (mainstream) on the global agenda of development formed at the turn of the 1980-1990s in the XX century. In the middle of the second decade of the XXI century due to the green strategy of the global economy in relation to the new goals of sustainable development until 2030, these positions have shifted so much that the terms used do not reflect their original significance any more, which impedes the comprehension of actual processes, creating the illusion of radical changes in globalization processes in order to overcome negative trends on the way towards sustainable development. The article, on the basis of discussions on comprehending results of modern globalization a decade after its beginning, analyzes these changes and proposes terms more reflecting the essence of the ongoing global processes.
Competent management of competitiveness in the innovation environment provides economic entities with enormous opportunities for economic growth and development. In this article, the author has studied characteristic features of European countries’ innovative development in order to use foreign experience for working out recommendations in managing competitiveness of the national economy of the Republic of Belarus, in particular — machine building complex. As the objects of research the author has chosen such countries as Italy, France, the USA and Germany.
Widely used in Russia, the typical methodology of “high-speed foresight” has a number of shortcomings and limitations. Based on recent discoveries of social anthropology and cognitive neuroscience, a transition to “shamanistic foresight” is possible. The new methodology can be effectively used to form a long-term vision for the future of the Siberian and Far Eastern regions of the Russian Federation.
The article analyzes three systemic fears, the origin of which is not connected with a person, but the basis for which is provided by the Universe: falling of celestial bodies on the surface of the planet and possible destruction of any civilizational activity, change in the temperature regime of the atmosphere with subsequent cataclysms. And if these two cosmic fears are synoptic, they can be observed and, according to the author, were relevant at the end of the 20th century, the third fear of life existence on other planets is being written by science fiction writers, which now are joined by astrophysicists. As a consequence, any danger brings forth economy of security, and we can assume what prospects the expected markets of space security open.
The President of the Institute of the Middle East, Yevgeny Satanovsky, is a public figure. An authoritative orientalist, analyst, specialist in international relations, he often appears in the most popular political programs. However, our conversation is not about politics, but about science, which, as it turned out, is an important part of Yevgeny Yanovich’s life. Our interlocutor asserts: to live in a society and to be free from an understanding of its laws is like putting a finger into a socket.
Scientometric analysis of dynamics of science-intensive technologies development in machine-building production was carried out. It is shown that in the 1960s–1970s, a new scientific direction in the technology of mechanical engineering — a cluster of methods and technologies for physicochemical treatment of materials — was formed in the world technological space. Ranking of industrially developed countries all over the world in terms of the development level of science-intensive technologies is performed. The interrelation between the level of development of science-intensive technologies, the level of industrial development and indicators characterizing the socio-economic status of the country, is revealed. It is shown that in the current geopolitical situation and in conditions of limited resources, the choice of priority directions for the development of high technologies is becoming more relevant than ever. It is noted that the evaluation criteria and procedures for selecting priority development directions are not sufficiently developed or are simply lacking. All this affects the financing of scientific research and the development pace of certain technological areas.
2017 is the year of strategic decision-making on the further socio-economic development of our country, overcoming the recession and stagnation and resuming growth. In recent years, the world economy and politics have developed a complicated situation, relations between Russia and the European Union have worsened, in 2014-2015. against Russia were introduced sectoral sanctions. The way out is intended to be a joint project that creates favorable conditions for building stable relations between Russia and the European Union and its individual countries, for implementing a number of international initiatives jointly with international partners. On the strategic perspective and new vector of development of the International Research Institute of Management Problems in Modern Economic Deputy Director General of the International Research Institute for Control Sciences (MNIIPU), doctor of economic sciences, professor, editor-in-chief of the international journal “Problems in the theory and practice of management” Ashot Khachaturyan told in an interview with “ES”.
The article analyzes and discusses changes in the geopolitical landscape related to nanotechnologies, medium-term results and contradictions of the Russian nanotechnology policy, negative aspects of the “administrative obsession” with quantitative metrics.
Modern innovative environment provides many opportunities for managing competitiveness of the national economy. Experience of managing competitiveness in the innovation environment seems useful in terms of studying the factors of innovative development and identifying promising directions of the national economy of the Republic of Belarus, in particular, the machine-building complex. As the objects of research, the author selected such countries as Korea, Japan, Thailand, China and Singapore.