The present article analyzes demographic situation in Moscow. It focuses on such topical demographic problems of the city population as migration, birth rate, marriage, length of life, population aging. The author considers the problem of low birth rate as one of the key ones in demographic development of Moscow, without solution of which in many respects it is impossible to cope with the other demographic problems of the capital, such as depopulation of the indigenous population, deformation of the population age structure, reduction of the traditional marriage value. The article presents statistical data characterizing demographic processes in Moscow, it identifies the main trends, evaluates the consequences.
It is easier and cheaper to prevent any disease than to cure it. Today most of us understand this clearly. Healthy lifestyle politics has been adopted by the state. Disease prevention priority is emphasized in the state program of public health development, in a number of federal and capital laws. Creating healthy lifestyle conditions, development of physical culture and sports are unifying people and contributing to patriotism and pride of the own country. In her interview the Deputy Minister of Health of the Russian Federation Tatiana Yakovleva dwelled on the need for preventive health care and its possibilities.
The XXII Olympic Games are over. The FIFA World Cup is up ahead. All these sports milestones represent tremendous opportunities for promoting and cultivating a healthy lifestyle. Now it is very important to maintain such spirit that after the Olympics it should be prestigious to go in for sports, and especially for own health. We need to build a complex system that would contribute to sports skills development of children, that should allow to distinguish among them talented and promising athletes from an early age, beginning with pre-school institutions, where there are practically no classes of physical training today. How to be correctly and properly engaged in such prevention measures and on whom to rely to a greater extent — on medicine, health care, doctors or yet on ourselves? All these aspects were covered in the interview with Nikolay Kharitonov, chairman of the State Duma Committee on regional policy and the North and the Far East problems.
Personal example of Vladislav Tretiak, his sense of discipline, self-control, will, his renowned sports fate are ultimately needed today for education of a new generation of Russian athletes. One must be certainly born as a great hockey player, as well as a great artist or a great musician. But in order to become so, a phenomenal capacity for work and discipline, strong nerves and intuition, based on detailed calculations and knowledge of the enemy, are required.
Scholars and practitioners of the newly independent states have argued enough about effectiveness of the alcoholism fighting models. Conventionally it is possible to distinguish seven conceptual approaches to alcohol problem in the world. It is evident that each model contains various modifications, but we have no time and space for detailed material presentation, which is worth perhaps not one but several monographs.