Currently, humanity is concerned about two major issues: national security and economic development. At the same time environmental threat seems more distant and therefore less dangerous. In solving the problem of economic development a priority role remains with the market economy. The article notes the existence of a fundamental difference in the target objectives of business and environment: development of market economy and business does not meet the requirements of efficient nature management and environment and causes further environmental degradation. In this regard, there is a concern — if the society continues to develop only on the principles of market economy, it itself will speed up the arrival of a global environmental catastrophe.