The "Economic Strategies" journal

2019 #6. 2019




Russian transnational corporations as global leaders

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.5-13

The paper considers the largest Russian transnational corporations and the possibilities of consolidating their status as global economic leaders. The positions of Russian companies in international ratings are analyzed: Fortune Global 500, The World’s Largest Public Companies (according to Forbs magazine), Top-100 non-financial MNCs from developing countries and countries with economies in transition, ranked by the size of foreign assets and a number of other foreign ratings. The features of the activities of the companies represented in the ratings are established, measures are proposed to strengthen the positions of Russian companies in the global economy.

Approaches to assessing the contribution of global financial centers to the development of sustainable finance

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.97-102

Financial centers create a powerful clustering effect by concentrating a number of interconnected financial operations – banking, capital markets, investments, insurance, professional services (jurisprudence, accounting), and regulation. Thus, they act as a driver for promoting the principles of sustainability in business through the organization of financing. However, at present this incentive potential is underused due to the lack of a unified approach to assessing their contribution to the development of sustainable finances. The development of such a unified approach will increase investment in sustainable finance, optimize its regulation, and increase public awareness of the development of a sustainable financial system. The article is devoted to the analysis of the experience of the world’s leading financial centers in stimulating the development of sustainable finance.

Current state of logistics integration in economic security

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.92-96

The article assesses the current state of logistics integration in the context of economic globalization. Theoretical and practical approaches to logistics and integration processes are analyzed. The necessity to consider the modern integration stage in interaction with the innovative component is substantiated.

Resource provision of health care analysis in the republic of Bashkortostan

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.80-91

The studies have shown that the resource provision of health care in the Republic of Bashkortostan (RB) in the Volga Federal District (VFD) is low. This is evidenced by the obtained ranks in terms of resource provision for 2017. The resource support factors affecting the change in the gross regional health product and the provision of social services are also investigated. The direct moderate relationship was revealed with such factors as the capacity of outpatient organizations, the number of doctors of all specialties, and labor productivity. The high relationship has been established with the average salary of health workers and the provision of social services with an effective attribute. The economic and mathematical dependence of the gross regional health product on the average wage of workers in this field of activity is built. The model is applicable for predicting the development of healthcare in Bashkortostan.

Conceptual basis for improving mechanisms for managing the development of social infrastructure of territories

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.73-79

The algorithm for choosing strategic priorities for the development of social infrastructure is considered as a mechanism for managing territorial socio-economic systems (TSES). The applied approach is supplemented by monitoring the state of health care and education on the basis of a survey of direct consumers of social services at all stages of strategy development. To determine the priority areas for improving social infrastructure, a methodology for assessing the dynamics of the main indicators of the social sphere of TSES is proposed. It is based on determining the increment in the quantitative parameters of objects of health care and education systems. The advantage of the technique is the possibility to use publicly available statistics.

The consumer’s desire for energy freedom and energy independence is the basis for changing the paradigm future energy development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.70-72

This article examines the existing paradigm of energy and the goal paradigm on the basis of the transition to a decentralized power supply associated with the development of digitization, renewable energy sources and energy storage, of transfer from AC to DC of different voltage.

The educational aspect of the staffing of the fuel and energy complex in the Arctic region

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.64-69

The quantitative and qualitative imbalance in the labor market threatens the implementation of fuel and energy projects in the Arctic zone. In projects for the development of offshore fields, there is an acute shortage of specialists who possess management skills with modern computer equipment, electronics, robotic systems. The analysis of the personnel training system showed that among all the Arctic States, the Russian Arctic has the most numerous and extensive network of highly qualified personnel training. However, the functioning system of training does not meet the needs of the industry in full. The purpose of this article is to consider the importance of the educational component in meeting the needs of the Arctic zone in qualified personnel of the fuel and energy sector.

Work with the end user as a mandatory component of the energy management of the energy company

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.58-63

The article reveals the topic concerning the importance of interaction between energy companies and end consumers. The principles and functions of energy management are defined. Measures for energy management of end users are systematized. Federal and regional energy development programs are analyzed and energy efficiency measures are proposed that take into account the interaction of energy companies with consumers.

Features of financial accounting during the decommissioning of oil fields in accordance with IFRS

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.51-57

The article analyzes the Russian system of accounting for the decommissioning of oil fields, its compliance with IFRS standards, defines the features of financial accounting for decommissioning, proposes approaches to measuring the reserves for decommissioning of oil fields and criteria for their evaluation, provides an example of calculating the reserves for decommissioning.

Us shale oil and gas (analytical review)

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.51-57

The article analyzes the Russian system of accounting for the decommissioning of oil fields, its compliance with IFRS standards, defines the features of financial accounting for decommissioning, proposes approaches to measuring the reserves for decommissioning of oil fields and criteria for their evaluation, provides an example of calculating the reserves for decommissioning.