The "Economic Strategies" journal

2019 #4. Picture of the World




“Healthcare Optimization is the Great Evil”

Levan Longinozovich Stazhadze is a well-known Soviet and Russian anesthetist, doctor of medical sciences, professor, academician of the International Academy of Astronautics. He headed the country’s first department of resuscitation at the Institute of Emergency Care named after N.V. Sklifosovsky, and in 1972-1987 – the department of medical support of manned space flights at the Institute of Biomedical Problems. Together with professor L.G. Kostomarova L.L. Stazhadze is the organizer of the Moscow Disaster Medicine Service and to this day works as the chief researcher in the Center for Emergency Medical Aid, created by them at the Moscow Health Department. Levan Longinozovich is one of those interlocutors who can be listened to for hours, and there will never be enough time to learn about all the amazing details of his biography – sad, funny, edifying, historically significant – often it is referred to very important facts of national history. The names of people, whom he knew well, are known to everybody or to plenty of people. Institutes were named in honor of some of them, while others, on the contrary, became ominous symbols of a bygone era. But, no matter what we think about it, it is all part of our history, which, as we know, does not know the subjunctive mood

Perspectives of Occupational Medicine Development in Russia

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.84-91

Problematic issues related to Healthcare system reform in Russia are under review. Health level of working people is analyzed and recommendations for development of occupation medicine aimed at control for working people health saving are given

Economic and Political Strategy of the British East India Company: Complementarity or Mutual exclusion?

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.92-99

The article deals with correlation between the trade and the power nature of the East India Company (1600–1874) as a key agent of the British Empire in Asia. The main stages of its activity are traced, transformation of its strategies and goals is explained. If in the first century and a half economic and political strategies of the company complemented each other with priority of the first, then with the company’s institutional mutation in the middle of the XVIII century there emerged tension between strategies arose. The company’s coming to power in Bengal, establishment of state control over the company and the British industrial revolution not only brought the company’s political strategies to the forefront, but replaced its economic goals with political ones, transforming the company into an instrument of governing India

Critical Analysis and Legal Qualifications of the Destruction and Rehabilitation of the Union Space (USSR — EAEU, 1990–2015)

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.108-117

In his work with the economic, legal and socio-political point of view are considered causes of the collapse of the USSR, worked in a complex questions of integration and disintegration of the former Soviet Union, examines the integration processes on the post-Soviet space, given the author’s assessment of the results of the construction of the Eurasian Economic Union. Conducted analysis of the international legal instruments in the framework of the Eurasian post-Soviet integration. Extended terminological system, through the development of the author’s definition of the EAEC

Redemption of the Right to Use a Patent as a Legal Measure to Reduce the Cost of Innovative Drugs

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.120-125

Many innovative drugs used in key therapeutic areas and in such diseases like cancer, hepatitis C, diabetes and many others are an integral part of state insurance programs and reimbursement schemes. Meanwhile, often due to the high cost of medicines and budget constraints, the need of all patients requiring treatment cannot be satisfied. This problem is extremely relevant both in industrialized countries, such as the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany and in such relatively young pharmaceutical markets like Russia. In many countries, there is a law on redemption of patent rights from manufacturers, which allows the state subsequently to provide patients with the necessary therapy almost at the drug’s cost price. However, this practice is not widespread and is really used in isolated instances, even in the leading world countries. The purpose of the present article is to substantiate the need for broad application of the scheme of the patent use redemption by the state using the example of drugs for treating hepatitis C in the USA, where this law has been functioning for many years. During the study, we analyzed the works of leading foreign authors in the field of pharmaceuticals and patent protection, as well as legislative and regulatory documents, statistical materials of international databases on the industry over the past years

Application of Business Judgment Rule in the Russian Realities

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.126-131

The clause considers The Business Judgment Rule with which help the management can legitimize the decisions, supposing thus honest mistake. The given rule gives wide discretion at accepting the decisions by organs of government (management, board of directors). Using the given mechanism, the company management can protect itself in court from charges from shareholders. The modern Business Judgment Rule makes certain demands concerning managerial decisions and their consequences. The author considers application of the Business Judgment Rule taking into account additional criteria in the Russian realities

Support for Personal Achievement Citizens as a Model of State Management Success

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.132-140

Working out technologies for Measurable career and professional development for a wide range of professional fields allowed to generate interest at all in their evidence conclusion: “managing successful society — a system of support for personal business achievements of its citizens”. How and why massively manage what is traditionally considered to be a private matter of the individual — personal business success? How to integrate the management of massive personal achievement with the objectives of social and economic development of the state?

Methodology of Plan Development Based on Digital Economy Tools

DOI: 10.33917/es-4.162.2019.6-17

The article deals with insufficiently explored fundamental methodological problem of creating a unified enterprise plan. Currently, plans/budgets are generated based on a variety of separate forms from various aspects of production and business activities, and combining them into a single document is practically impossible. The existing enterprise plan has got quite a formal role. In the current situation, a transition from forming separate documents to creating a single plan in the subjects of the real sector of economy is required in order to assess the whole range of tasks and goals of socio-economic development with regard to all the resources necessary for their implementation. Creating a single plan is a task of an extremely high level of complexity, which is solved by means of coding (digitizing) various information by all indicators and business operations with them, reflecting the business activities in business processes, as well as through significantly changing the structure of the plan, implementing compliance functions