The "Economic Strategies" journal

2019




Criteria for evaluating energy efficiency used for the development of local energy optimization programs

DOI: 1111

This article is devoted to the definition and description of energy efficiency assessment criteria used to develop local energy optimization programs. The values of the parameters included in the technical, economic and social groups, which are used to analyze the energy facilities of decentralized energy areas, are disclosed.

Careful! Renovation!

The article shows the economic essence of the program of housing renovation in Moscow, its harm for the country, Moscow and Muscovites, as well as its attractiveness for developers. The author considers defects of the property right to the earth and their influence on real estate cost. It is put questions of restriction of number of storeys of the housing estate and the termination of construction of housing in Moscow, the removal from its composition of the territories being outside the Moscow ring Road, as well as the termination of the processes of deindustrialization of the capital and the development of industrial production. Need of the balanced development of all territory of the Russian Federation, development of Siberia and the Far East, development of the industry and agriculture is emphasized.

Technique of the modified duration as a way of an estimation of efficiency of innovative projects in market economy

In the scientific article application of a method of a duration as most effective way of an estimation of innovative projects on an example regional industrial кластера with the base research centre of leading high schools of Republic Tatarstan is proved.

Russian transnational corporations as global leaders

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.5-13

The paper considers the largest Russian transnational corporations and the possibilities of consolidating their status as global economic leaders. The positions of Russian companies in international ratings are analyzed: Fortune Global 500, The World’s Largest Public Companies (according to Forbs magazine), Top-100 non-financial MNCs from developing countries and countries with economies in transition, ranked by the size of foreign assets and a number of other foreign ratings. The features of the activities of the companies represented in the ratings are established, measures are proposed to strengthen the positions of Russian companies in the global economy.

Impact of prices on imported and domestic natural gas supplies to China

The article identifies the problems of pricing in China for the transportation of natural gas local and imported from Central Asia, as well as imported and local liquefied natural gas (LNG). The works of foreign authors on this subject are analyzed. The author concludes that currently it is necessary to take into account the import of gas to China through the Power of Siberia gas pipeline, which will supply 38 billion m3 of Russian gas per year for the Eastern regions of China, as well as other new gas import projects from Russia to China, which will make a significant contribution to the implementation of China’s plans to switch from coal to gas and improve the environmental situation in the country.

Socio-economic problems of health care in the Republic of Bashkortostan

In the article the state of health care development in the Russian Federation (RF), the Volga Federal District (PFD) and the Republic of Bashkortostan (RB) is analyzed. The study applied indicators of the development of health economics. The target values ​​for 2018 and 2020, reflected in the “Forecast of the long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030,” were used as the criteria parameters. This document was developed by the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. The preliminary assessment of the implementation of the planned indicators of the development of health care in the Russian Federation revealed that in 2015, target indicators for reducing the mortality rate of the population from neoplasms and road accidents were not achieved. In addition, the analysis showed that the ratio of wages of doctors and medical employees to the average wage in the region is below target values, they differ in the regions of the Russian Federation, the Volga Federal District and the categories of employees. The existing problems in health care are solvable only in the conditions of a constant increase in expenditures in this social sphere.

Improvement of approaches to the construction of management decision support systems at the enterprises of high-tech industries of Russia in the implementation of innovative projects in the modern conditions of their digital transformation

The article describes the main decision support systems that provide the ability to manage enterprise resources. It reveals their advantages and disadvantages. It is shown that in modern conditions of digital transformation of enterprises and the necessity to increase the share of civil products up to 50% by 2025 in Russian high-tech enterprises, it is extremely important to introduce decision support systems. However, taking into account a closed nature of many such enterprises, as well as a number of shortcomings of systems, the article proposes a proprietary approach to building decision support systems that allows to manage a product life cycle while implementing innovative projects and gives an opportunity to assess its competitiveness and align its marketing strategy taking into account external factors, including risks.

Formation and implementation of innovative projects at enterprises of high-tech industries of Russia in the context of their digital transformation

Current trends in economic, scientific and technological development require the transformation of approaches to the management of economic systems and projects. In this regard, the article considers a modern approach to the implementation of innovative projects – a competitive one. Its basic principles, as well as the key stages in the successful implementation of innovative projects, are disclosed. The first step is the right choice of the project. The authors propose an algorithm for evaluating and ranking projects when building a decision support system at Russian enterprises in high-tech industries. One of the most important stages of the project implementation is the formation of an effective project team. Taking into account digital transformation trends, an approximate authorial matrix of digital competencies for the formation of such a team is proposed.

Facility approach in the complex of the methodological bases in the sphere of economic security

Based on the analysis of economic theory and practice, it is concluded that the need for the study of specific objects in the totality of their properties, including to ensure effective economic security, is increasing. In order to deepen the methodological base of such concretization, an object approach is proposed, its potential for the theory and practice of economic systems management and the protection of their economic security is analyzed.

Public-private partnership: current state and development dynamics

One of the tools for implementing the project approach in the public administration field, improving the financial, technological and innovative potential of various sectors of the Russian economy is public-private partnership (PPP). A comparative assessment of the dynamics of the public-private partnership development in Russia and abroad determines the purpose of this paper. The paper also presents an analysis of trends in the development of the PPP market, which caused a surge of interest in PPP on the business part and the risks that arise in the process of PPP projects’ implementing.