The "Economic Strategies" journal


The external debt of the USA and some aspects of petrodollar policy

The article considers the process of the continuing increase in the US public debt as a factor of negative impact on the financial policy of developed and developing countries, including Russia. The main conditions of devaluating the American currency are defined at a modern stage.

Strategies of development of medico-economic standards of endovascular treatment

The scientific article summarizes the experience of development and implementation in 2012-2015 medico-economic standards for endovascular treatment of diseases in the clinical practice of medical organizations involved in the implementation of the Moscow regional program of compulsory health insurance and an assessment of their effectiveness. It is concluded that the development strategy of endovascular treatment based on medical and economic standards improves the quality of medical care, improves the routing of patient flows, the intensity of hospital beds and provides effective endovascular care for patients. The standardization of endovascular care is a strategic priority for healthcare development.

Resource provision of health care analysis in the republic of Bashkortostan

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.80-91

The studies have shown that the resource provision of health care in the Republic of Bashkortostan (RB) in the Volga Federal District (VFD) is low. This is evidenced by the obtained ranks in terms of resource provision for 2017. The resource support factors affecting the change in the gross regional health product and the provision of social services are also investigated. The direct moderate relationship was revealed with such factors as the capacity of outpatient organizations, the number of doctors of all specialties, and labor productivity. The high relationship has been established with the average salary of health workers and the provision of social services with an effective attribute. The economic and mathematical dependence of the gross regional health product on the average wage of workers in this field of activity is built. The model is applicable for predicting the development of healthcare in Bashkortostan.

Economic efficiency, financial risks and timing for investment projects implemented with borrowed funds

There is justified the increased need to analyze and evaluate an investment project in the interdependence of its three parties (in three dimension) – efficiency, risks and timing. Specified the concept and proposed the classification of financial risks. The impact of the time parameters of the investment project on its economic efficiency and financial risks has been analyzed. Considered the specifics of the relationship between economic efficiency, financial risks and the time parameters of the project when financing it with borrowed funds.

Challenges and opportunities for extra budgetary funding in preschools

The problems of expanding sources of financing the education system in Russia at the present stage of economic development are discussed. Particular attention is paid to the formation of sources of extrabudgetary funding for pre-school education. The content of the Federal State Educational Standard for Preschool Education is analyzed taking into account its role in shaping the content and structure of the educational program of preschool education. The necessity of further development of tools for extra-budgetary financing of preschool education institutions is substantiated.

Conceptual basis for improving mechanisms for managing the development of social infrastructure of territories

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.73-79

The algorithm for choosing strategic priorities for the development of social infrastructure is considered as a mechanism for managing territorial socio-economic systems (TSES). The applied approach is supplemented by monitoring the state of health care and education on the basis of a survey of direct consumers of social services at all stages of strategy development. To determine the priority areas for improving social infrastructure, a methodology for assessing the dynamics of the main indicators of the social sphere of TSES is proposed. It is based on determining the increment in the quantitative parameters of objects of health care and education systems. The advantage of the technique is the possibility to use publicly available statistics.

Current problems of restructuring of the system of engineering education

The article formulates the basic principles of personnel training in the transition to a new technological order. Successful transformation of the Russian economy into the knowledge economy could be carried out if the labor market is oriented towards highly skilled intellectual work. Against the background of a technological breakthrough and constantly changing external variables, the question of the principles that will form the basis for the design of vocational training for technical specialties requires a speedy solution.

Methods of reducing the cost of mining enterprises of the Murmansk region develop

The article analyzes the activities of mining enterprises of the Murmansk region, which is part of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, examines the problem of rising production costs, analyzes the composition and structure of costs, developed and presented methods to reduce them.

The consumer’s desire for energy freedom and energy independence is the basis for changing the paradigm future energy development

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.70-72

This article examines the existing paradigm of energy and the goal paradigm on the basis of the transition to a decentralized power supply associated with the development of digitization, renewable energy sources and energy storage, of transfer from AC to DC of different voltage.

Network neurocognitive management of complex organizations with a political component in fuzzy information environments

The article discusses the organization of information and network events aimed at protecting key points of political management of vital functions of the State on the basis of information and computing tools to operate the operating parameters of neural network monitoring and study the set of data on processes affecting personality. The need for the use of intelligent means of unclean logic and neural networks to support state systems of counterintelligence, surveillance and political governance with respect to subjects available for identification, digital description and analysis of their sociopathicity in relation to state institutions of political governance is justified. Neural network synthesis of digital matrices of key cognitive and psychosocial indicators of individuals and their groups is carried out to detect reactions to the package of political information of any subject using electronic communicative services. On this basis, measures are implemented to manage the metastable states of his personality and to configure cognitive and psychosocial mechanisms of interpretation of reality in conditions of dominance of unreported factors of an information nature (information stimuli).