The "Economic Strategies" journal

2019




Formation and implementation of innovative projects at enterprises of high-tech industries of Russia in the context of their digital transformation

Current trends in economic, scientific and technological development require the transformation of approaches to the management of economic systems and projects. In this regard, the article considers a modern approach to the implementation of innovative projects – a competitive one. Its basic principles, as well as the key stages in the successful implementation of innovative projects, are disclosed. The first step is the right choice of the project. The authors propose an algorithm for evaluating and ranking projects when building a decision support system at Russian enterprises in high-tech industries. One of the most important stages of the project implementation is the formation of an effective project team. Taking into account digital transformation trends, an approximate authorial matrix of digital competencies for the formation of such a team is proposed.

Facility approach in the complex of the methodological bases in the sphere of economic security

Based on the analysis of economic theory and practice, it is concluded that the need for the study of specific objects in the totality of their properties, including to ensure effective economic security, is increasing. In order to deepen the methodological base of such concretization, an object approach is proposed, its potential for the theory and practice of economic systems management and the protection of their economic security is analyzed.

Public-private partnership: current state and development dynamics

One of the tools for implementing the project approach in the public administration field, improving the financial, technological and innovative potential of various sectors of the Russian economy is public-private partnership (PPP). A comparative assessment of the dynamics of the public-private partnership development in Russia and abroad determines the purpose of this paper. The paper also presents an analysis of trends in the development of the PPP market, which caused a surge of interest in PPP on the business part and the risks that arise in the process of PPP projects’ implementing.

Development of integration processes in countries with a emerging economy

The article discusses the features of integration processes in modern developing countries. Shows the goals that pursue nation-states in the organization of integration unions. The position of the majority of associations of developing countries within the stages of development of world integration processes is indicated. The current and forecast dynamics of economic indicators of developing countries in comparison with the indicators of developed countries and the world as a whole is analyzed. Based on relevant statistics, a number of existing integration unions of countries with developing economies from various regions of the world are examined in terms of their composition and basic socio-economic parameters. The negative trends in the development of modern integration processes in countries with developing economies are investigated and the reasons hindering the effectiveness of their integration are identified.

Approaches to assessing the contribution of global financial centers to the development of sustainable finance

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.97-102

Financial centers create a powerful clustering effect by concentrating a number of interconnected financial operations – banking, capital markets, investments, insurance, professional services (jurisprudence, accounting), and regulation. Thus, they act as a driver for promoting the principles of sustainability in business through the organization of financing. However, at present this incentive potential is underused due to the lack of a unified approach to assessing their contribution to the development of sustainable finances. The development of such a unified approach will increase investment in sustainable finance, optimize its regulation, and increase public awareness of the development of a sustainable financial system. The article is devoted to the analysis of the experience of the world’s leading financial centers in stimulating the development of sustainable finance.

Organization of development of the state strategic forecast

Development of the strategic forecast is presented as a multicomponent complex, which includes the following sub-complexes: strategic goals and objectives; objects of strategic forecasting; subjects of strategic forecasting; organization and management of the development of the strategic forecast; scientific and information support; staffing; countering illegal activities in the development and implementation of strategic forecasts; documentary support. In the absence of Russia’s system to develop a scientifically sound strategic forecast as a temporary measure, it is proposed to develop an annual integrated analytical review of the world strategic forecasts.

About the concept of «Strategic Forecasting»

Based on the study of the regulatory framework and comparative analysis of concepts, it is concluded that strategic forecasting should be considered as a special kind of forecasting, which is not identical to long-term and long-term forecasting. The principal specificity of strategic forecasting is its organic involvement in the complex of strategic management with the system of goal-setting. This determines the additional content of the logical scope of the concept.

Current state of logistics integration in economic security

DOI: 10.33917/mic-6.89.2019.92-96

The article assesses the current state of logistics integration in the context of economic globalization. Theoretical and practical approaches to logistics and integration processes are analyzed. The necessity to consider the modern integration stage in interaction with the innovative component is substantiated.

The external debt of the USA and some aspects of petrodollar policy

The article considers the process of the continuing increase in the US public debt as a factor of negative impact on the financial policy of developed and developing countries, including Russia. The main conditions of devaluating the American currency are defined at a modern stage.